Black Codes Dbq

1100 Words5 Pages

After the Civil War, Congress attempted to address how to incorporate recently freed slaves into American society and ensure that it gave them the same rights and liberties as white Americans. To guarantee equal rights for African Americans and limit the growth of white supremacist organizations in the South, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the 15th Amendment, and the Ku KLUX Klan Act of 1871 laws. Despite these efforts, the histories of slavery and racism in America proved challenging to overcome, and failing to successfully put these laws into practice increased the Jim Crow system of state-enforced segregation and discrimination against African Americans. The Black Codes were state laws that were established to restrict the …show more content…

For example, the Civil Rights Act of 1866 granted freedmen the rights to sue, testify in court, and own property. However, many Southern states disregarded the law and continued to impose their discriminatory practices. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 aimed to establish citizenship rights for African Americans and counteract the Black Codes. Document 2 outlines the success of the act, stating that it was "the first great law of Reconstruction" and was "the basis of civil rights for all Americans." However, the act failed in terms of enforcement, as states could disregard the law and continue to impose their discriminatory practices. While Congress passed laws aimed at granting African Americans citizenship and equal rights, many southern states disregarded the law and continued to impose their discriminatory practices, such as the Black Codes. This highlighted the tension between federal and state power during the Reconstruction era and the difficulties of enforcing laws aimed at promoting equal rights. The 15th Amendment was a significant success in ensuring equal rights for freedmen, as it granted African American men the right to vote. Document 3 outlines the significance of the amendment, as it "granted citizenship and suffrage to African American men and took a significant step toward dismantling white supremacy." While …show more content…

The compromise of 1877 resulted in the withdrawal of federal troops from the South, and southern states were allowed to reestablish white supremacy. Document 5 describes the impact of the end of Reconstruction, stating that it "ushered in a period of state-enforced segregation and discrimination" and "represented a significant failure in the fight for equal rights for freedmen." This ushered in a period of state-enforced segregation and discrimination that persisted for decades. And highlights the fragility of the progress made during the Reconstruction era and the ongoing struggle for civil rights in the United States. The end of Reconstruction also marked the beginning of the Jim Crow era, a period of legalized segregation and discrimination that lasted until the mid-20th century. Because During this period, African Americans were subjected to systematic discrimination and violence, and their rights have been severely reduced. The end of Reconstruction was a significant setback in the fight for equal rights for freedmen, and its effects were felt for many years to

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