Those are the at-risk gangs or thugs that is frequently said to African American gangs. In the 1990s, gang violence was on the rise, where it was dominantly founded in youths. Anderson, Dyson, and Lee (1996) argued that when a group of African American youths join together and commits delinquent acts and crime, they already categorized as gangs to the American public. This affect and many other affects is what creates an increase in gang violence. Those other factors are socioeconomic status, history, race, gendered, and geographic background.
Following the stereotypes, one can simplify the whole picture of the world and make it more comprehensible. But very often the stereotypes appear to be too generalized or wrong. One of the crucial social issues in the United States is constant racial stereotyping of ethnic minorities, which leads to the emergence of such phenomena as racism and discrimination. Brent Staples in his essay “Just Walk on By: Black Men and Public Space” and Judith Ortiz Cofer in her work “The Myth of the Latin Woman: Just Met a Girl Named Maria” both make several important observations about the biased attitude of the whites to ethnic minorities in the United States. Although both authors present their own life experiences and reveal the harmful consequences of racial stereotyping in the society their points of view on the ways of avoiding the conflict situations based on those misunderstandings are different.
(supported statement 3) The Scottsboro trials opened a window on a time and place where the social norm weighed so heavily that the principles of law buckled and showed the injustice of America 's court system and America itself. (Conclusion) The Scottsboro trials in conclusion had the biggest effect on Americans Justice and Injustice history by having by the biggest crime case involving African Americans in U.S. history and showed the racial uncivilization during the time period of 1931 through 1950 and how the trial opened a window to the change of law in the justice system. During the
Numerous studies have provided different perspectives and evidence on the impact of racial inequality in the criminal justice systems, specifically how these racial inequalities affect black Americans. Lisa Miller found in The Invisible Black: Victim, “mistreatment by law enforcement, law-makers, and federalism” in the racial bias toward black Americans (2010). Pettit and Skyes in Civil Rights Legislation and Legalized Exclusion, point out that black males are more likely to end up in jail (2015). A sociologist named David Garland contrived the term “mass incarceration” to explain high incarceration rates in the United States (U.S) (Pettit and Skyes 2015). Currently, the highest incarceration is among black men of 1 in 15 (Miller 2010).
Although at times the statistical information seemed heavy, it also seemed necessary to the overall plight of the book. That being said, it was the statistical information throughout that I also found to be pivotal to the book’s persuasive power—particularly that of the Maryland State Troopers’ legalized racial profiling of African Americans on I-95. I found it interesting because these cases were local and hit close to home for me. Also interesting was the historical crimes by race and punishment chart for Virginia which reflected that most serious crimes sentenced African Americans to death while their white counterparts received little to no punishment. One of the most important parts of the book was the discussion of the OJ Simpson trial and its effect on American society; the media’s portray divided the races, and yet, in actuality, they were actually more often either united, or less of a disparity than that published.
The author found that more people of color, especially black males are under the control our criminal justice system than were enslaved in 1850. The author supports the pervious idea by using specific examples such as the “War on Drugs” to show people of color are targeted more by law enforcement officers and scrutinize harsher by our courts for drug laws but the drug usage is used at the same rate by blacks and whites. With the help of mass-media, the “crack” epidemic in inner cities, the War on Drugs policies, the “Get tough on crime” policies, and the propaganda about people of color all have influenced the way mainstream society thinks about blacks. The author found that mainstream society believes that black people commits more crime and uses more drugs than white people, so therefore blacks deserved to incarcerated. However, Michelle Alexander disproves in “The New Jim Crow” that blacks commit more crimes than whites, the drug usage rates are the same between both races, propaganda has influenced the way mainstream society views blacks and that the “War on Drugs” and the “Get Tough on Crime” was policies targeted towards inner cities and people of color with the intent to enslave them in the criminal justice system by giving them felonies in which people of color are disenfranchise by society.
In this article, the Miller explores the connection of racial disparity between dark, Latinos and white in the American Criminal Justice structures. The article argues that the racial disparity occurs on the basis of wrongdoing, crime, and imprisonment on African American, Latinos as compared with whites. Additionally, it claims the relationship of race and crime rates that conclude that black, Latinos receive high severe punishment than whites. As indicated by the Miller, the crime rates for blacks are seven times higher than whites. It also measures the effect of the high crime rate on racial minorities that they face significant issue for kids, families, marriage, neighborhood inconvenience, and neediness.
Daniel Garcia TH 1:30-2:50pm March 14, 2017 Advanced Concepts in Criminal Justice From the works of Morenoff and Astor, we are to explain why crime might be higher among second generation immigrant Americans. Though there are many assimilation theories which coincides with this, Portes and Zhou’s theory of segmented assimilation stands up to be the strongest of them all. My reasoning behind it is based on the array of the data from Morenoff and Astor collected in this article and my own interpretation which I experienced first hand. The article shows segmented assimilation branching out to two main scenarios of the straight line assimilation, the positive and the negative. Segmented assimilation is carried though by the immigrants themselves or by their offspring adopting aspects of the culture in which they 're residing in.
Capital punishment, especially in the face of hate crimes, is on the rise in the United States. With it comes the raised question: What crimes should elicit the death penalty? Moreover, is the death penalty even humane? Hate crimes are considered especially odious in the comparison of other crimes, therefore receiving harsher punitive measures than most other crimes. The proposal of issuing the death penalty in the face of hate crimes and incidents is steadily gaining popularity as well as harsher criticism against the overall humanity of capital punishment.
This paper is focus on the racial inequality of crime rate in the criminal justice system. Also, it argues the different treatment of black and white groups in the criminal justice system. Moreover, it shows the relationship of black males with crime rate. The black males face high crime rate than white males in the criminal justice system. However, in relation to police relations, the police stop black males more frequently than white males.