Although the Bible was the same and both prayed to a God, the interpretation they gave of the teachings and the readings of the Bible were different. The curse of Canaan and his descendants was related to the issue of servility and slavery, the whites used this relationship as a justification that God was in accordance with slavery. As Callahan mentioned in The Poison Book, “Jefferson Davis defended chattel slavery and the foreign slave trade as the “importation of the race of Ham,” fulfillment of Africans’ destiny to be “servants of servants.” They used this text to defend slavery and that blacks had been destined to be slaves. The most important teaching of whites to Christianize blacks was the importance of obedience. The blacks did not believe in what the whites preached.
African-American historian W.E.B Dubois illustrated how the Civil War brought the problems of African-American experiences into the spotlight. As a socialist, he argued against the traditional Dunning interpretations and voiced opinions about the failures and benefits of the Civil War era, which he branded as a ‘splendid failure’. The impacts of Civil War era enabled African-Americans to “form their own fraternal organizations, worship in their own churches and embrace the notion of an activist government that promoted and safeguarded the welfare of its citizens.” Thus black people developed a social consensus and reached levels of social integration once hindered by the horrors of slavery. However, in his book Black Reconstruction in America (1935), Dubois observed how racial divisions amongst white and black laborers prevented them uniting against the white property-owning individuals. Ultimately, he argues
and by those too, who profess religion?”(Apess, 6). In this way, Apess argues by pointing out the hypocrisy found in the Christian ideology of the time, insisting that the ideas held on racial superiority and slavery, while not explicitly condemned in the Bible, go against the ideas of the teachings of Jesus. Apess also uses an appeal to authority, to Jesus nonetheless, in order to shame those who would argue for slavery by mentioning that their savior would be discriminated against in American society. Another voice against slavery, Frederick Douglass, not only uses his religion as an argument against slavery, but also condemns the branches of Christianity which supported it over the course of his 1845 “Narrative”. In his appendix, Douglass states “I love the pure, peaceable, and impartial Christianity of Christ: I therefore hate the corrupt,
Further displaying their confidence in the compatibility of slavery and Christianity. In doing so, the southern church demonstrated a prevalent perception that Christianity would not argue against slavery or incite rebellion in the slaves. This was accompanied by a widespread belief that a “Christian slave was a better slave”, as Christianity supposedly encouraged obedience (Boyer, 2011). This phenomenon is mentioned by Charles C. Jones, as he tells the story of a black preacher who, after receiving tracts from abolitionists, turned them over to white authorities for destruction (Boyer, 2011). As the story is told by a white southerner, the narrator is unreliable and the truth of the story questionable.
The Civil Rights movement played a very dominant role in African-Americans life in establishing equal rights for all Americans. Even though King Jr. protested in the peaceful manner, the racists burnt down many African-American churches to state their opinion on equal rights to them. But still after so many years, some African-Americans face some injustice and inequality today in their daily day to day life. He believed injustice can be made into justice by three ways, one is hopelessness, next is violence and the third one is non violence. He chose the third one and fought injustice and succeeded.
He preached for complete segregation, which Malcolm X coined and popularized the term separation, and in attempts to form a black society. Joining the Nation of Islam gave him the means to preach to African Americans who believed they did not have any other choices in fighting discrimination. Malcolm X was considered a radical due to his methods with the NOI, since violence was not out of the question. This contradicts Martin Luther 's view of multiracial, nonviolent approach. Malcolm X, at the beginning of his ministering, called for racial independence with criticisms of mainstream civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. who cooperated with the popular opinion of the time that was held by the majority of the population, that being white.
Parables of Jesus Name: Institutional Affiliation Parables of Jesus Martin Luther King was an American Baptist who was also the leader of the African American movement. In 1967, Martin Luther King preached about why Messiah called a man a fool. In his sermon, Martin elaborated the need for human beings to live a life that pleases God, by loving God first, the family comes second and then every person should be beneficial to the community (Gowler, 2015). Martin Luther King was preaching this message about the blockedure found in the book of Luke 12:13-21. In this blockedure, Jesus was teaching His followers the parable of the Rich Fool (Crossan, 2002).
Black abolitionism was a movement that targets an end to slavery. The key similarities between civil right movement and Black abolitionism were the struggle to free Black people and give equal status like Whites. The difference between Black abolitionism and Civil Right were civil Rights was movement that was based on nonviolent approached led by Dr Martin Luther king, Jr. Civil Right movement was a spirit of black unity. They protested to obtain equal rights and to end legal segregation and police brutality. Still racial division and inequality between black and white are very existed in American.
What is African American Religion? – Chapter 1 Analysis In the first chapter of What is African American Religion, the origins of Africans in the Americas, their relations with European nations, as well as the establishment and conclusion of slavery, is introduced. This chapter also spoke on the various labels used by Europeans to define black bodies and validate their enslavement and mistreatment. By constant use of degrading and demeaning descriptors to categorize black bodies, a link is sought to be established, correlating blackness and inferiority. The first section of this chapter, it speaks on the introductory relations between Africans and Europeans.
For centuries, Christianity has been used by white supremacists as a tool of oppression against people of color. More recently, Christianity has been used to justify the subjugation of black people through their enslavement and later segregation. Despite this, the black community has often been attracted to Christianity, “the religion of their oppressors,” for numerous reasons, including the hope for liberation (Brown Douglas xii). Black people raised in the Christian tradition have also rejected the religion in recognition of its unjust qualities. The challenge facing black Christians and those who deny white supremacy is whether to have faith in the liberating and positive aspects of Christianity, or to doubt the religious institution in light of its history of oppression.