What were the Black Codes? Answer: Black Codes were a tactic created and supported by Southern states to restrict African American freedmen from gaining enough wages to support their families. Although it granted them the right to marriage and owning their own property, they could not testify against whites or even vote. Punishments against African Americans were ridiculously unfair compared to the ones white landowners received for far greater offenses. What was the Radical Reconstruction Act of 1867?
In 1857 the Dred Scott case was pulled into the supreme court. Dred Scott was claiming that even though he was a slave, He had been in a free country long enough to be a free citizen for the United States. The Supreme court ruled that blacks, with ancestors that were imported to become slaves weren’t aren’t able to become free american citizens. Therefore they weren’t able to appeal to a jury or able to to sue in federal court. This jeopardized free blacks.
This picture describes racism, mainly between blacks and whites. The most famous thing that happened during this time was the Ku Klux Klan (KKK). They were a group of white people that had so much hatred to blacks that they started riots, and even killed. The Klan even moves states just to dominate local and state politics. The Tulsa race riot was a large scale, racially motivated conflict that happened on May 31, 1921- June 1, 1921.
Racial profiling is a very important issue that individuals in society face every day. This problem occurs in low income or poverty-stricken areas throughout cities and communities across the nation. Hundreds of anecdotal testimonials allege that law enforcement officials at all levels of government are infringing upon the constitutional rights and civil liberties of racial and ethnic minorities through a practice called “racial profiling” (Ward, 2002). So what is racial profiling? According to the National Institute of Justice, racial profiling by law enforcement is commonly defined as a practice that targets people for suspicion of crime based on their race, ethnicity, religion or national origin (National Institute of Justice, 2013).
Rosa Parks The Civil Right Movement was the African-American way of fighting for equality to the whites and it was supposed to be a nonviolent way to protest. Khan academy stated that “After the Civil War, during the period known as Reconstruction, the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments established a legal foundation for the political equality of African Americans. Despite the abolition of slavery and legal gains for African Americans, racial segregation known as Jim Crow arose in the South”. Jim Crow law meant that African American could not be at the same place as the white people. Even after slavery was over people of colored were still being treated unequal to the white people, they did not have the same benefits and rights that the white people had.
Fact: Segregation was the legal and social system of separating citizens on the basis of race. The system maintained the repression of black citizens in Alabama and other southern states until it was dismantled during the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s and by subsequent civil rights legislation. Segregation is usually understood as a legal system of control consisting of the denial of voting rights, the maintenance of separate schools, and other forms of separation between the races, but formal legal rules were only one part of the regime. Some historians list three other important elements contributing to the creation and reinforcement of the status quo: physical force and terror, economic intimidation, and psychological control exerted through messages of low worth and negativity transmitted socially to African
Although the thirteenth amendment, abolished slavery, rights for black weren’t all of a sudden made equal. In the early twentieth century, African Americans in the South and in many parts of nearby border states were banned from associating with whites in a host of institutions and public accommodations such as school, hospitals, waiting rooms, railroad car, and more (Patterson par.1). Eventually facilities were desegregated. However, that does not mean life for all was fairly equal. People began to accepted having a blend of races where ever they go, but when it came to blending sexually, that turned some individuals’ stomachs upside down.
Statistics show that violence is one of the leading causes of death in all parts of the world for people ages 15 to 44. Furthermore, racialism has spread a misunderstanding of other cultures all across the world. The rate of violence is rapidly increasing every day. Consequently, racism is a form of violence that affects my life. Even though I have always known that Hispanics aren’t welcome in the U.S., after the 2016 Presidential
After all male, regardless to race, were guaranteed the right to vote by the 15th Amendment, white Southerners started to create ways in which they could oppress blacks and disempower their newly found privileges. The disfranchisement of blacks started with literacy tests, poll taxes and the grandfather clause. In other words, the ability to read or pay taxes has to be proven before people could vote. However, most black people grew up without a good educational background and were therefore excluded from the voting system. In 1877, when the Reconstruction era ended, inequality and injustice towards black people was present more than ever.
There was a lot of inequality in schools, courts, and other public places. Some communities like the African Americans were under constant attack by the white majority security apparatus. The unfair treatment of one race was causing tension among the white and African America communities who make up much of the American population. The lawmakers thought the problem would be eliminated by having a national law that promotes fairness, justice, and equality. The law was to promote equal rights for all persons without any being discriminated.
The LAPD used deadly force against Rodney King beating him with a baton and kicking him frequently. The beating took place after a high-speed chase not knowing they were being recorded the whole time. Once the video got out it shocked the world showing police brutality and race relations becoming one of the biggest brutality cases in history. His beating led to many riots around the world. Rev.
Following the Civil War (1861-1865), a trio of constitutional amendments abolished slavery, making the former slaves citizens and gave all men the right to vote regardless of race. Nonetheless, many states particularly in the South, used poll taxes, literacy tests and other similar measures to keep their Black neighbors practically broke. They also enforced strict segregation through “Jim Crow” laws and condoned violence from white supremacist groups like the Ku Klux Klan. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, or national origin. First proposed by President John F. Kennedy, it survived strong opposition from southern members of Congress and was then signed into law by Kennedy’s successor, Lyndon B. Johnson.
Throughout history, African Americans have been wrongfully convicted of crimes. The Jim Crow era made it extremely hard for African Americans to live a peaceful life. Today, if African Americans are wrongly convicted about a crime or an issue, they do not make it to trial. Their trial beings when they are assaulted by law enforcement, the new lynch mob, Police corruption and brutality has been an ongoing problem within the United States frequently. Though African American youth have been targeted by the police, these events are happening all too often.
In New Orleans schools, segregation is still occurring. Due to the outlawed racially segregated public schools, which had been defeated as “separate but equal,” black students couldn’t attended an all white school because of the segregation they had. It’s still like that, but not how it was back then. In Brown vs
Many schools in the south are Examples such as the KKK and the Jim Crow laws became to form as so in a way, remind minorities that they were not equal (Segregation2). The KKK was founded through 1865-1866. Segregation was supported and by the Jim Crow laws, it was a system it enforced racial segregation along with discrimination (Teaching Tolerance1). In result, everything was segregated, the schools, parks, restaurants, and even bus seating was segregated. It brought many people of color to believe that they were less of a