Martin Luther king’s role in civil rights movement Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and a social activist. All the African-Americans in the United States were greatly influenced by his tactics and exceptional oratorical skills. He did sociology at Morehouse College and obtained Seminary at Chester, Pennsylvania. During his last year of theological training, his spiritual growth was greatly influenced by Morehouse College President Benjamin E. Mays. Because of him, he believed Christianity to be the powerful weapon to bring the social change.
Although the Bible was the same and both prayed to a God, the interpretation they gave of the teachings and the readings of the Bible were different. The curse of Canaan and his descendants was related to the issue of servility and slavery, the whites used this relationship as a justification that God was in accordance with slavery. As Callahan mentioned in The Poison Book, “Jefferson Davis defended chattel slavery and the foreign slave trade as the “importation of the race of Ham,” fulfillment of Africans’ destiny to be “servants of servants.” They used this text to defend slavery and that blacks had been destined to be slaves. The most important teaching of whites to Christianize blacks was the importance of obedience. The blacks did not believe in what the whites preached.
These writings provide a better understanding to how slaves were treated, and how it contradicts the Bible. A majority of those who were in slavery were there by force or birth. Many believe that slavery was only in America, and the only slaves were Africans, but this is false thinking. Slavery has occurred within every nation and every race has been a slave at one time. Booker T. Washington gives the best
Such personification mirrors Dunbar’s use of figurative language, which relates the poems in more ways than one. Dunbar touches on human features such as cheeks and eyes in his poem but also uses a spiritual element to advance his point of view. Furthermore, “We Wear the Mask” was written in 1896; a period in American history that was post-slavery but still had widespread discrimination. The spiritual connotation within Dunbar’s poem can allude to African American churches and/or the hymns slaves sung on plantations. Nevertheless, the struggle of African Americans is a symbol of both presented
The church was seen as a moral for the African American society during the reconstruction era stated Professor Jenkins. The church influenced couples to get married and divorced. For instance in Climbing Up To Glory it was referenced that in 1849 a charge was made against Julia Nalen, an African American woman for leaving her husband and marrying again, she was later expelled from the church where she worshipped. Further, Jenkins illustrated that some African Americans that attended these biracial services found the services to be very boring and hypocritical because the white ministers will tell the African Americans to follow and obey the ten commandments, when the ministers themselves are committing sinful acts such as; murder, theft, rape. African Americans did not feel that they were receiving anything substantial out of the sermons.
Reflection” In my reading of this assignment Morehouse College was established from a Baptist Church in the early 1800-1900’s. If understanding correctly, it came about for freed black men that had been degraded all their lives. Lacking education, also being stereotyped the black man really didn’t have much but their spiritual life that was done in secret. Seeing others before them go through this, I wondered how one could stand in that era? Looking back at my own life during the late 1900’s, it took a strong foundation, determination, and character to realize black people can accomplish anything in life.
May, located in Ellenwood, Georgia. It is in a community that is made up of predominantly African Americans; therefore, their church represents the community that it surrounded by and Sylvester Baptist Church is made up of a mainly African American membership, of about four hundred and fifty members. 1 Peter 3:15 says, Christians, we are called to “be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give a reason for the hope that you have.” For that reason, Sylvester Baptist Church’s ministry focus is building the community through outreach and servant evangelism. Servant evangelism is defined by Steve Sjogren as evangelism that involves intentionally sharing Christ by modeling biblical servanthood, through the small acts of kindness. It is the simplest, most transferable, and yes, most fun approach for moving believers closer to a biblical lifestyle marked by consistent witnessing (Sjogren, 2014).
As the need for orthodoxy became paramount, democratic religion transformed itself in the late 19th century, and the eighth and final chapter catalogues many practical issues. The Baptist church grew phenomenally, from “under 1 million in 1870 to 3.6 million in 1926,” as people flocked in multitudes to Baptist churches. The main woe that churches consistently voiced is the lack of discipline, as many Baptist churches lazed on disciplinary matters. Wills notes “the man who paid $100 toward the pastor’s salary “can go father into the world without anger to his church relations, than a poor man.”” Money, pride, and overlooking offenses all contributed to the problems that the churches in this time recognized. A chief problem that many people in the church saw is dancing, an issue that spiraled to a prohibition of things like billiards, card tables, circuses, dancing parties, and chess.
At twenty-five years of age, Martin Luther King became a pastor for the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, located in Montgomery Alabama (Fuller, 314). His faith in God and Jesus only grew stronger as he witnessed the injustices shown towards African Americans. He often quoted passages from the Bible in his sermons and even in his famous Letter from Birmingham Jail. In this letter, he explains that he is a "love extremist" (King, 297). He viewed religion as a method of bringing out the best in people.
Most people in this world aren’t born into this world alone, King knows this and reminds the clergymen and the white moderate that these people have families too. Even though slavery was abolished in 1865 racism has continued to dehumanize Black people. King has given these people an identity which humanizes them. Lastly King appeals to logos or the logical side of an argument. Similar to the other persuasive tool, King uses logos extremely effectively.
In the African American church, no matter the size, there is a strong sense of identity. This is evident by a “us” versus “them” mentality. However, some churches are able to break the mold by growing to become a Shepherding-Size Congregation. This church has between 50 and 150 active members. I agree with Galindo that this size congregation is heavily dependent on its pastor for their spiritual needs.
African Americans African Americans are decedents of Africa that now live in America. They do not all carry the same cultural and ethnic beliefs though, and are a very diverse group of people. This diverse group does in fact have some overall similarities in their practices and beliefs. Some of the health beliefs that are similar are having a strong social support, caring about their community, using home remedies and faith healers for their health, and having fears of dying from cancer. Many turn to God and pray first and this can lead to a delay in getting professional medical help and treatment.
It offered refuge to runaway slaves on their way north. This included Harriet Tubman, a famous African-American abolitionist and Underground Railroad conductor, from 1849 to 1853. Before this, at the original Methodist Episcopal Church both White and African-American abolitionists worshipped at this church and were active members of the anti-slavery movement. But eventually white slaveowners joined the church and the African-American members of the church didn’t feel accepted, so in response to this the African-American community founded their own church that was more accepting to blacks, called the African Methodist Episcopal Church. This church helped a great number of slaves escape their masters during this
The good news of Jesus Christ was illustrated in gospel songs. Field hollers became a way to praise God, but in a working environment. Many gospel songs focus on two major themes, rather than just one, and the message from the song can change depending on the person who is listening to it. The song “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” is a notable example of this idea. In the eyes of a 19th century Caucasian man, this song exemplified heaven as home; however, every slave knew that heaven was their refuge from life’s hardships.