The incidents that are occurring is being overlooked. According, to Matt Agorist, African-Americans makes up only 13 percent of the population, yet they are the victims in 26 percent of all police shootings (1). Caucasian officers are threatened by African Americans. This is their excuse to get away with discrimination, causing African-American communities to lose faith in law enforcement. The “Black Lives Matter” campaign was made to help avoid the violence and systemic racism against African Americans.
Injustice in The Criminal Justice System Due to several injustices within the American justice system, society has become more divided. The criminal justice system in the United States has been criticized for being a race-based establishment Institutions where minorities are subjected to more strenuous punishments than their white counterparts. Nonetheless, it goes without any debate that racism exists in the justice system. Are these realities the errors of a moral justice system, or does it prove that the criminal bias organization is working as expected? Is the criminal justice system utilized to regulate and manage the minority population?
Injustice The Scottsboro Case shed light on the racial practices expressed in law that made a great impact on the legal system today. The actual victims of the Case did not receive a fair trial due to the color of their skin. The ones who played the victims planned the crime, and their stories made no sense. But like many of the trials during the time it wasn’t based on the actual evidence that was found,or even the defendants ' stories. Therefore, if one was colored the trial wouldn’t be in their favor.
On the other hand, if the person being convicted has a lower income and has to receive their attorney from the court there is a high chance of losing the case. John Gross of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers stated, “Many of us don 't consider them to be realistic if you expect quality representation” (qtd. in Bromnell 2013). This demonstrates that if someone who is convicted cannot afford a lawyer than they have a very likely chance of losing the case. This is discriminatory toward the lower wage income population.
He states that the reason the prosecution and conviction of minorities in the case where a white person is the victim is a result of the location of the prosecutions. In his paper, Gilboa analyzes some statistics regarding the claim and makes derives from it this: If death sentences are relatively unlikely in metropolitan areas, how might it shed light on the white-victim effect? Our best answer is this. Murder victims in metropolitan counties are predominantly African American (Gilboa, 2010). I don’t agree with this statement because it implies that African Americans are particularly singled out by the government to receive such a penalty because the government enforces capital punishment in certain states that are predominately black.
A viewpoint when it comes to the major controversy of felon rights is often an biased opinion that originates from people as well as parents all alike and it is the argument that they as lawful citizens do not want violent offenders such as rapist, domestic offenders, and killers to be involved in voting whatsoever for the fact that these votes are ultimately determining what 's right or wrong for their country. The aspect that is often ignored and or unrealised in this situation is that violent offenders make up only a portion of those who get charged with felony offenses. According to statistics out of a list of twenty offenses that you can get charged as a felon for, violent crimes lies eighth on the list and even more substantial domestic violence and child abuse falls seventeenth on the list. So is it right to view all offenders the same way and hold limits on all as if they were exactly alike? Peter Dimond, an American economist, criticizes the system of economics that surrounds felons when he claims in the article “Should felons have the right to vote?” that to proceed from this issue “First, we need to recognize that felons aren’t necessarily villains – some may be victims themselves of an unfair judicial system, and even those that aren’t – those that have committed crimes deserving of felon status – should have their voices heard.
Racial profiling relates to having an ascribed status because they were born into a life of poverty and crime. Cops and others see people that live in section 8 housing as being below a standard that they are accustom to. In most cases people that come from a poor upbringing tend to move up on the social spectrum which is called achieved status, in fact those some people who lived in cop infested areas are now becoming doctors, lawyers and etc. Racial profiling violates the 4th amendment which stops unreasonable search and seizures without having a warrant from a court. A functionalist studies society as a whole and with racial profiling in New York and other cities it causes a big dilemma.
To begin, much of the Latino population in the United States are either in jail or living in unsafe neighborhoods. With the stereotypes given to minorities by those in an American society; minorities are likelier to be looked at suspiciously. Minorities are labeled, and in the case of Latinos they are often stopped and frisked unfairly. Police who feel the need to stop a hispanic person in their own neighborhood just help enforce these stereotypes. With this said, it is no question as to why: white Latino men are much more likely than White men, but only half as likely as Black men, to serve time in prison.
Michele Alexander has stated that the marginalization, stigmatization, and the discrimination of people of color who constitutes to the new racial caste is not due to them being black, but rather it is the impact of falling into a “non-racialized “ criminal justice system at the epicenter of what is known is mass incarceration. The mass incarceration of the minorities and more so those involved in non-violent drug offenses and the disproportionate application of capital punishments for those killing whites and other disparities in sentencing all point to a legal system that still treat the minorities more harshly when compared to the whites. At one time, Stevenson went to prison, and he was forced to go back to his car to show that he was indeed an attorney. The correction department officers wanted to strip search him and wanted him to sign a book that he was visiting the prison. Contrastingly, attorneys are not supposed to sign the book.
When minority groups feel that they’re under constant suspicion, they’re less likely to trust police with information that can be vital to solving crimes. This is one reason some law enforcement groups oppose racial profiling. Research has shown that African Americans are more often stopped by the police than White Americans. Also, there have been cases where Hispanics, Arabs, Asian and even religious groups such as, Muslims being targeted. There have been some police departments that have created a non- racial profiling policy such as, The Houston Police Department, they have established a policy concerning the prohibition of racial profiling.
They were located in middle class neighborhoods where there was no crime going on, therefore; it was more difficult for the police to detect their criminal activity. The police focused more outdoors in the “ghetto” neighborhoods where African American did most of their drug dealing. The study also found out that white people were less likely to be arrested even though their drug business was visible and present to police, whites were known for selling heroin and blacks for selling crack. Also, police tend to view the drug problem by only arresting people who sold crack which were African American. Although they had records of hospitals indicating that there were more deaths on heroin than crack and heroin was sold by whites.
The government creates legislation to hold these women back further economically; the policy changes the government puts in place creates a lack of resources, which makes the transition from prison life to “free life” more difficult for black women than it would be for other groups. An example of this legislation is the “Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996”, because it is harder for women with mental health or drug abuse issues to access this financial help. In order to receive benefits, one has to prove their sobriety, when, as mentioned earlier, the prison system fails to rehabilitate it’s drug abusers (Freudenberg). This leaves previously incarcerated black women feeling targeted and isolated. Prisons
Racial profiling, poverty and high crime rates are the major contributors to high incarceration rates for African Americans compared to their percent of the general population. Besides social and economic isolation, African Americans have been marked as inherently criminal with the war on drugs and crime targeting them even when the statics shows they are less likely to be in possession of cocaine for example (Walker, Spohn, DeLone, 2012). The high number of African Americans on death row is the result of institutional racism. Majority of the judges in the United States are white and more often than not are either implicitly or explicitly biased in their rulings (Walker, Spohn, DeLone, 2012). Institutionalized racism refers to an expression