In a human blood that is lacking oxygen is deoxygenated blood. This is called Pulmonary circulation. This blood has exchanged oxygen for carbon dioxide across cell membranes and it contains mostly carbon dioxide. Deoxygenated blood enters the right atrium through the superior vena cava and the inferior vena cava. In a tiger 's heart it pumps oxygenated blood to the body and then it pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs to become oxygenated.
The heart is an organ of muscles. It’s necessary to pump blood throughout the body. The heart has four chambers: two atria (left and right) and two ventricles (left and right). The two atria chambers are located at the top of the heart; whereas, the two ventricles are located at the bottom of the heart. The chambers help blood flow smoothly through the heart.
The cardiovascular system also known as the circulatory system consists of the heart and blood vessels. One of the most important jobs it has is to “circulate” blood. The heart works to pump the deoxygenated blood to the lungs for gas exchange while simultaneously pumping oxygenated blood to the body’s tissues. The blood vessels work to continuously bring the blood to all areas of the body which helps regulate body temperature. The flow of oxygenated blood to the tissues helps deliver nutrients such as amino acids and electrolytes, water and oxygen.
Respiration consists of transportation of oxygen from the atmosphere to the body tissues and the release and carriage of carbon dioxide formed in the tissues to the atmosphere. The human respiratory system is a series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide. We can list the primary organs of the respiratory system as nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs which carry out this exchange of gases as we breathe. During inspiration air passes through respiratory passages due to the pressure differences formed in chest and trunk muscles. The ‘respiratory tract’ consists of these passageways and the lungs.
The first step in the journey of muscle movement, is the motor neuron. The motor neuron provides Acetylcholine (ACh) which is crucial in muscle movement. Acetylcholine (ACh) is released from the synaptic terminals of the motor neuron. The ACh then travels across the synaptic cleft by way of diffusion. From the synaptic cleft, the ACh binds to the receptors located on the muscle fiber’s plasma membrane.
When increased respiration rises the blood pH level beyond the normal range 7.35-7.45, it causes respiratory alkalosis. Some causes are anxiety, fever, hyperventilation, pregnancy or any lung disease that causes shortness of breath (Respiratory alkalosis, 2014). Mechanisms responsible for compensation to respiratory alkalosis are rapid cell buffering and decrease in renal acid excretion (Respiratory alkalosis, 2014). To treat respiratory alkalosis carbon dioxide is to be inhaled. Inhaling inside of a paper bag or using a mask that causes you to re-breath carbon dioxide can be used as treatment (Respiratory alkalosis, 2016).
Perfusion : Perfusion is the process of a body delivering blood to a capillary bed in itsbiological tissue. The word is derived from the French verb "perfuser" meaning to "pour over or through". Tests verifying that adequate perfusion exists are a part of a patient's assessment process that are performed by medical or emergency personnel. The most common methods include evaluating a body's skin color, temperature, condition and capillary refill. Perfusionists employ artificial blood pumps to propel open-heart surgery patients' blood through their body tissue, replacing the function of the heart while the cardiac surgeon operates.
Heart is a four-chambered muscular pumping organ that divides into atriums and ventricles that are separated by valves to prevent backflow of blood among the compartments (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle, & Cheever, 2010). However, heart undergoes two types of circulatory loops in the transportation of blood which are systemic and pulmonary circulation (Taylor, n.d.). Systemic circulation pumps oxygenated blood from heart into all tissues in the body and return the deoxygenated blood back into the heart via vena cava (Taylor, n.d.). On the other hand, pulmonary circulation responsible in the transportation of deoxygenated blood into the lungs for gaseous exchange that results in the return of oxygenated blood into the heart via pulmonary vein (Taylor, n.d.). Another major component of CVS is blood