WARD’S SIMULATED BLOOD Objective: The objective of this lab is to use Ward’s simulated blood to know the blood types and Rh factor of four people. Hypothesis: Based on the exercise, if Mr. Smith is a blood type A+, then he will coagulate with anti A and anti Rh. If Mr jones is a blood type B-, then he will coagulate with Anti- B serum. If Mr Green is a AB+, then he will coagulate with Anti- A, B and Rh.
Compare the result to the chart on the back of the urinary pH test strips bottle, and record data. Clean the stirring rod with water before moving on to the next test tube. Repeat this process for each increment (2 mL, 3mL, 4mL) Figure #1: Picture of bean solution mixed Figure #2: Picture of materials needed for the with alpha galactosidase experiment Safety considerations: Be careful with the beakers, glass stirring rod, and test tubes, as they could break easily and can cause cuts in the skin. DCP: A scatter plot will be used to display how the amount of alpha galactosidase (measured in mL) in the bean solution affects the glucose concentration (measured in mg/dL) and error bars to show the standard deviation.
Making the blood hemolyed is one of the most common mishaps that happens in the analytical process. It happens when you shake a tube too much and the red blood cells rupture. That is why they have handy tube carrying holders so you don’t shake it up too much. Along with shaking your tubes too much, mixing your tubes is terrible, it can make all the results go
The first demonstration is about pouring two kinds of liquid into the artery model. The first cup of the liquid is very sticky, and Dr. Oz said this is like the regular fat in our blood vessel. The assistant used scary phrases such as “the saturated fat will cause blockage in blood vessel and ultimately cause death.” The assistant basically made it into “if you are consuming saturated fat, you will die.” The assistant also used slanted words as he saying the saturated fat is sticky like molasses.
Tumor treatment by hyperthermia has limitations, however, that the most of nanoparticles do not have high specific absorption rate. At least 10% of tumor weight should be absorbed in order to be effective to heat-ablate tumors through hyperthermia. Treatment of malignant tumors at any site in the body is expected to be possible if agents that convert RF energy into heat can be delivered to the malignant cells. However, RF ablation suffers from the disadvantage that it is an invasive method that often requires insertion of electrodes into the body to deliver RF to the tumor sites.
Afterwards, wipe away the waste, and turn them back off. Once that is done, you want to repeat those same steps with your trimmers, minus the working of the lever (because trimmers do not have levers). Now that you are done sanitizing the clippers and trimmers, you will move on to the clipper guards, comb and sheers. You simply want to spray them lightly with the clippercide then wipe them off with a paper towel, and this will complete the sanitation
If hemorrhages are small they are look similar to microaneurysms and they also occur like microaneurysms but they are found in the deeper layers of the retina, such as the inner nuclear and outer plexiform layers. Their appearance is a red dot with a density that is uneven. The red dot will be less than 125 microns. This characteristic will not be present if the haemorrhages are round in shape and smooth margins. Sometimes it may be difficult to differentiate between microaneurysms and small haemorrhages.
All Tonkinese have some contrast, as the dominant allele (C) gene is not found in the Tonkinese or Burmese breeds. There is only a single variation between the three strains of Tonkinese: the 'C' gene. It is this that controls their coat pattern. Each Tonkinese has one pair of genes that control their gene pattern with one gene derived from each parent. Each gene can be either a pointed (cs) or a solid (cb) coat pattern gene.
When the levels of neutrophils are insufficient the condition is called neutropenia. The lower the level of absolute neutrophils count is the more susceptible the body is health issues. Infections can be contacted through airborne, contact, saliva and
The thrombin also promotes platelet aggregation. The fibrin stabilizes the platelet aggregates forming a platelet-fibrin thrombus. The formation of this thrombus on the device is bad as it can block the flow of blood to crucial organs including the heart and it can have fatal consequences. Thrombus formation on artificial devices is the result of both platelet activation and
It found in higher amounts it indicates high blood sugar levels from spillage or kidney damage. 8. Nitrates: Nitrates in urine indicate the presence of a UTI that is caused by a bacteria that makes an enzyme turn urinary nitrates into nitrates. 9. Bilrubin: This is not normally found in urine it is a waste product of the liver and is a component of bile.
Other types of biopsy methods may be used such as wedge or punch biopsy, but these techniques tend to be less accurate. After the biopsy is performed a wide excision should follow. This should encompass a l good margin of healthy tissue. Any further excision will depend on the thickness of the tumor. Depending on the invasive ness of the tumor a lymph node biopsy might be conducted to see if any of the draining lymph nodes were affected (Hodgetts, 2013).
The measuring levels of the immunoglobulins is one way of tracking the extent and progression of the disease. If the immunoglobin that is secreted from myeloma the normal immunogobulin will be suppressed. Liquid and solid bone marrow samples are examined under a microscope to test for myeloma. The smoldering multiple myeloma is a condition that involves the findings of abnormal plasma cells that produce a monoclonal protein, but no symptoms. Indolent multiple myeloma this type of myeloma have an elevated number of abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow that may or may not produce monoclonal protein.
These difficulties might have caused me to make mistakes on the amount needed to pipette or the type of substance. Overall, next time I would have made sure to pay closer attention to the pipetting portion of the procedure. Furthermore, we could extend this experiment by trying different kinds of
The red blood cell should look like a disc. It is thin in the middle because it is biconcave in order to maximize the efficiency and use of the cell. In Sickle cell anemia the cell is not the correct shape and their it cannot complete its job of carrying oxygen to the accurate places. This type of anemia cannot be cured and is chronic. With this rare blood disorder, the red blood cells die earlier than the typical lifespan.