Blood Transfusion Research Paper

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Blood transfusion is generally the process of receiving blood products into one's circulation intravenously. Transfusions are used for various medical conditions to replace lost components of the blood.

Uses of blood transfusion:
Loosing of blood during surgery or from an injury or an illness.
Blood disorder (sickle cell disease, thalassemia, or anemia caused by kidney disease).
Bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia or von Willebrand disease.
Patients undergoing chemotherapy because it reduces the production of new blood cells.

Blood type test:

Blood donation:
1-Autologous blood donation:
Before elective procedures, the patient may donate blood to be set aside for later transfusion.
Autologous blood products must be clearly labeled
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When you have this reaction, your face and throat swell up. If you don't get help fast, you could die.

Traditionally ‘anaphylaxis’ is a term used to describe immunoglobulin E (IgE)--dependent events and ‘anaphylactoid reaction’ is used to describe IgE-independent reactions – although both these reactions are clinically indistinguishable.

Symptoms and signs of anaphylaxis
Swelling and irritation of the tongue or mouth
Swelling of the sinuses
Difficulty breathing
Discharge
Wheezing
Cough
Cramping, vomiting, or diarrhea
Dizziness
Hypotension
Anxiety or confusion
Strong, very rapid heartbeat ( palpitations )
Loss of consciousness

Causes of anaphylaxis
IgE-mediated
Antibiotics o(eg, penicillins, cephalosporins, vancomycin, neomycin, amphotericin B)
Foreign proteins o(eg, serum, insulins, asparaginase, chymopapain, venoms, penicillinase, blood, blood products, protamine, antithymocyte globulins, latex)
Other medications o(eg, allergen extracts, methylprednisolone, local anesthetics, vaccines, thiopental)
Foods
o(eg, milk, eggs, wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, corn, seeds, bananas)
Immune complex–mediated
Biologics
o(eg, blood, blood products,

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