The next-of-kin do not authorize and may not limit the extent of the autopsy. Common questions include the identity of the deceased person, the time of injury and death and the presence of medical evidence (for example bullets, hair, fibre’s, semen). Observations made at autopsy elucidate how and by what weapon lethal injury was inflicted. During the course of the forensic autopsy, blood and other body fluids are routinely obtained in order to check for alcohol and other drugs. The forensic autopsy should be complete (including the head, chest, abdomen and other parts of the body as indicated).
Personal identification is one of the main aspects of medico-legal and criminal investigations. Identification is important when unknown, fragmentary, burned or decomposed remains are recovered. This becomes more important especially in cases of major mass disasters where numbers of individuals are involved. Personal identification in broad terms includes estimation of age, sex, stature, and ethnicity. These estimations can be done by using various scientific techniques which can narrow down the range of individuals from the pool of possible victims or criminals (Nafte, 2009).
69) ‘‘confronts the question of how images make meanings head on. It is not simply descriptive nor does it rely on quantitative estimations of significance’’. Rose states that the semiotic analysis involves ‘‘taking an image apart and tracing how it works in relation to broader systems of meaning’’ (Ibid). In other words, semiotics primarily asks about the ways through which the meaning is generated instead of simply exploring what it is. My study will bring examples of manipulated debatable photos and semiotically analyze how a specific re-touch, cropping for example, made by photojournalist or photo-editor might alter the meaning of the photo.
Interviews with key medical laboratory personnel in hospitals in the nation and in in the province showed occurence of transfusion reactions. Considering the critical role of blood transfusion as remedy in the medical field, it is important to analyze the profile of transfusion reactions in transfused patients and investigate the associated factors. The result of such investigation will contribute to the enhancement of laboratory management particularly in blood banking and ultimately the reassurance for a safe and successful blood
153). A photograph can be regarded as a fragment of a bigger picture - the photographer captures a part of the truth, which he decides to show the rest of the world. Strictly speaking, when it comes to street photography, the photographed scene must not be staged in order for it to be considered a true reflection of the real world. For example, a person may be staring across the street in a complete daze, and it’s that emotion that what will make the photograph powerful. It will also be regarded as a true reflection of the ‘bigger picture’: that the person was lost in his thoughts or struggling to cope with the burdens of life.
So, standards of safe blood transfusion must be developed and maintained to ensure a safe and rational approach in the use of blood transfusions in the management of these disorders, also careful consideration must be given to the associated dangers(6). Nurses being responsible for the final bedside check before transfusion, have the final opportunity to prevent a mistransfusion. An understanding and knowledge of the pathophysiology of transfusion reactions, symptoms and treatment is essential to safely administer and monitor transfusions
Assessment involves analysing the burn characteristics such as its severity, type, depth and other such features. This phase helps the doctor understand the burn type and decide the treatment mode accordingly. The management phase involves aspects such as prevention of loss of body fluids (which usually accompanies burns), thermoregulation and prevention of infections, apart from the actual treatment. Dressing of wounds is very essential to prevent infections and fluid loss.
Blood Pressure Monitors Blood pressure monitors read your blood pressure and over the counter, models are normally automatic and the accuracy can vary. Most of them will read both the systolic and diastolic pressure and often have heart rate indicators as well. Blood pressure monitors are either wrist type or upper arm type and it is up to the individual which one they prefer. The upper arm types are generally used in clinics or hospitals. It is a good idea to monitor your blood pressure because it will help prevent heart-related problems.
Thus, preserving crime scene evidence is often one of the first ‘fast- track’ action which the police would normally perform straight after the crime unless, there is an injured victim, as then that would be a much critical task for the police, as preserving life means securing important eyewitnesses. In good practice, the police usually access and collect as much information as possible right after the incident, which is also referred to the ‘golden hour’. This is to ensure that valuable evidence is collected with minimum chances of being tampered or destroyed (Stelfox, 2012: 152), in particularly forensic samples, which are prone to contamination when the crime scene is at outdoor (UNODC, 2009:
fascial and muscle layers) of the incision. At least one of the following must also be present: • Purulent drainage from the deep incision but not from the organ or space component of the surgical site. • Wound dehisces or is deliberately opened by the surgeon when the patient has one of the following: fever (>38oC) or localized pain or tenderness, unless the site is culture negative. • An abscess or other sign of deep infection is found by radiological examination, direct examination, during re-operation or by