Educational discrimination also extended into the tertiary sector. In 1965 the Northern Ireland government announced the construction of the country’s second university in largely Protestant Coleraine, rather than the larger but more Catholic city of Derry. These barriers to higher education meant that Catholics were underrepresented in white collar positions like the civil service, finance and law. Both the police and the judiciary were also overwhelmingly Protestant. Anti-Catholic discrimination extended into the political arena.
INTRODUCTION In 1969, violence erupted in Northern Ireland. The Northern Ireland Riots of August 1969 was quickly described as a civil disturbance, and was at first regarded as a nuisance more so than a significant problem. Not long after however, the situation had escalated into a full blown conflict, which forced the Northern Irish government Stormont to ask the British government in Westminster to deploy troops to the conflict area. By the end, thirty years later, the “civil disturbance” had amounted to almost 50,000 casualties. The conflict can be broken down into fighting between the Protestant Unionists and the Catholic Nationalists.
Key Words: Great War, disillusionment, dehumanization. Impact of the Great War in T.S.Eliot’s The Wasteland. War, wherever and whenever it occurs has a deadly and devastating effect not only on the countries concerned but also on entire globe in one way or the other. The First World War or the Great War had a deep seeded impact upon the minds of the citizens of this world. The Great War started on 28th of July, 1914 and ended up on 11thof November, 1918, so, almost four and a half years witnessed this great destructive war resulting in around 16 million deaths.The mortality rate was very high because of greater involvement of science and technology.
Since the creation of Northern Ireland in 1921, the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) had held power, being the dominate lawmaking body in Ireland. Supported by a largely Protestant unionist and loyalist community, the UUP passed many policies that discriminated against the Catholic and nationalist minority. “As time went on, Catholics and nationalists began to examine and retaliate against the issues they were faced with due to discrimination in hopes of gaining equality, and by 1964 the Campaign for Social Justice (CSJ) was formed.” (Everyday Life in the Troubles). Known as the forerunner of the civil rights movement, it began a campaign of publicizing the discrimination against Catholics and nationalists in various areas of everyday life.
Founding itself on the antithesis of all christian values, this vile massacre was allegedly perpetrated to ensure Catholic superiority, while crippling the Huguenot Protestant party. Both of these tasks failed miserably, and in the aftermath the Catholic church reaped the seeds of unflinching revenge, bloodlust, and baleful persecution. The reaction and status that both parties evolved and developed after the “Red Wedding” were both similar and inherently different, coming to epitomize the attitudes and tendencies of Catholics and Protestants in the generations to come. Backgrounded by the “Wars of Religion”, the Red Wedding was jointly orchestrated by Catherine de Médicis and the house of Guise in an attempt to eliminate their threatening political and religious rivalries. Catherine was the mother of Charles IX, the French King whose reign relied on the tactical and political advice of Admiral Gaspard II de Coligny, a
Her party won the 1983 election as well as the following 1987 election and continued Thatcherism. The two opposing countries were not the only one affected by the war. USA was seen sending supplies to UK which violated the treaty signed with Latin American countries called the Rio Treaty and marked the failure of the treaty. This prompted Mexico to resign the treaty in 2002 (BBC). On March, 2013, Falkland Islanders were asked to vote to be or not to be with UK as an overseas territory.
From research carried out, it has been noted that most of the protesters had been poor. It was with this fact, it could be concluded that they were, most likely, Catholic. At the time of the ‘Troubles’, the Catholics made up the plurality of those considered to be of the lower classes. This had forced the majority of the conflict that existed between both Catholics and the police and military units. These populous Catholic communities had very low employment and many were semi-skilled and unskilled labourers, that had been motivated politically, socially, and economically for revolt against the government and its armed forces.
In the words of Antonin Gindely (1884), “The cause of the murderous war which, for thirty years of the seventeenth century lacerated Europe is to be sought chiefly in the incompatibility of religious views which prevailed among the people of the time.” he expressed the traditional view on what is to be the last and greatest of the wars of religion or is known as the Thirty Years War. It is said to be the most ferocious and protracted military confrontation in the 17th century that resulted to a surprisingly high percentage of casualties in numerous battles, which is also caused by the introduction of new battle tactics during that time. In Germany, its population was diminished by 20 per cent; Sweden had a loss of more than 50 per cent of its combatant, while over 60 per cent of the Saxon’s Imperial troops died during the war. Although there were number of fortunate people who were able to survive and did not die on the arena of war, some of them died caused by the
While the economic crisis has begun, the European General Bank caused tremendous high unemployment in Greece and Spain. Also the problem with the refugees in Syria checked the open-borders policy of EU. In 2014, the gains by the far right United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP), made David Cameron, the conservative Prime Minister feel really worried. In order to reduce the anti-immigration voters in his party, David Cameron promised to British people a referendum on Brexit from EU in case that
Furthermore the extent the impact the clash of Larkin and Murphy had on the 1913 lockout will be examined. As President Michael D. Higgins once stated: The Lockout would be superficially described as a battle between Larkin and Murphy in the same way that the more recent miners’ strike in Britain would be wrongly described as a battle between Margaret Thatcher and Arthur Scargill. The underlying issues were much more complex. In the early 20th century, the United Kingdom had growing divisions between the labour movement and the employers. Strikes became more frequent in Britain throughout the opening decade of the century however towards the second decade strikes diminished significantly and seemed to settle.