Bloody Sunday On The Civil Rights Movement And The Troubles In Northern Ireland

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What was the effect of Bloody Sunday on The Civil Rights Movement and The Troubles in Northern Ireland? Throughout the mid to late twentieth century Northern Ireland was an area of social upheaval. This period is known as The Troubles and lasted for over twenty years. In order to comprehend how the events of Bloody Sunday affected the Civil Rights Movement and Militancy in Northern Ireland leading to the escalation of The Troubles, one must first understand the social climate in Northern Ireland. In this essay I will discuss how discrimination led to the march in Derry on 30 January 1972, the events of 30 January, actions taken by the British Government, and how these factors combined to damage the Civil Rights Movement and increase militancy in Northern Ireland; in turn intensifying The Troubles. During the nineteen-sixties discrimination against Catholics was rampant throughout Northern Ireland. Local councils often favoured Protestants when allocating housing; on one occasion awarding a house to a single protestant woman while many large catholic families were effectively homeless. Areas were gerrymandered: the borders of an area would be altered to allow for a protestant majority government. Munck argues that the ‘perception of being second-class citizens was probably felt most by Catholics’ in Derry as the Catholics were in the majority but they held little power in comparison to the Protestants due to gerrymandering. As a result of this, tensions were high amongst

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