Intro In the period from the 1641 until 1692, Ireland was plagued with continuous political conflict, rebellions, violence and civil warfare. This period of Irish history was driven by violence as it was prevalent throughout the whole country and it is the defining theme of that fifty-year span. What sparked off the violence, that prevailed for just over half a century, was the 1641 Rebellion which began because of fear of civil war on both sides of the religious divide. Oliver Cromwell was sent to Ireland to crush the rebellion and this lead to harsh and drastic changes both in Ireland and in England. In England these changes were political, and in Ireland the changes affected all aspects, including increased unrest.
The year 1919 was the most horrific year in American history in terms of racial violence. David F. Krugler clearly describes the horrendous events that occurred during this year in his book 1919, The Year of Racial Violence: How African Americans Fought Back. According to the book, "Between late 1918 and 1919, the United States recorded ten major race riots, dozens of minor, racially charged clashes, and almost 100 lynchings as white Americans tried to enforce the continued subjugation of black Americans in the postwar era" (Krugler 3). Extremely violent mob attacks and the lynching of African Americans were very common occurrences throughout the entire country with some states having more acts of violence than others. I thought Krugler's book was an incredibly informative read because it gave honest, raw details of anti-black acts of violence and was focused on various African Americans' perspectives during this critical time.
When demonstrators of Dr. King, Jr.’s movement arrived at the edge of Montgomery, by the Edmund Pettus Bridge, they were met with state troopers who proceeded to attack the marchers, transforming that Sunday into what would become known as “Bloody Sunday”. Similarly, demonstrators in Ireland had experienced their own “Bloody Sunday” on January 30th, 1972. Also known as the Bogside Massacre, this incident involved British soldiers shooting 28 unarmed civilians during a peace protest demonstration against internment, which was the act of imprisonment without charge or trial. “It is said that the spirit of Dr. King, Jr.’s legacy was very much alive that day” (Dr. King's Impact on The Fight for Civil Rights in Northern Ireland). Monday September 2nd, NICRA announced that a march would be held on October 5th in Derry to protest the housing distribution in the city, unemployment, local government reform, and the right of free speech and assembly.
Throughout Chinese history, it has been a long time, over twenty five years, since a truly haunting and scary event which was called the Tiananmen Square Protest and Massacre occurred on 4th June 1989. People around the world also know this incident with the other name – the June 4th event. Actually, the protest was initially led by students and then received a wide advocate from laborers with the aim of calling for freedom of press, freedom of speech, and the restoration of workers' control over industry. However, several hard-line leaders in the administration made a ruthless decision that the protest would be quickly suppressed by armed force. Hence, there is no denial that this massacre not only resulted in a large number of deaths but
Undoubtedly, the riots left scars on all the people involved. In the end, over 50 people died, about one person for each time Mr. King was struck by the police. April, 2001, Timothy Thomas is shot and killed by a member of the Cincinnati Police Department. Riots broke out across the Over The Rhine community, where Mr. Thomas was shot. The community was in outrage over the killing of the unarmed teenager.
A Look at Racism in History and Its Development During my childhood, I’ve read many books and articles on racism since it was a current problem in my country – and still is. There were (and still are) conflicts between Turkish people and Kurdish people, Turkish people and Greek people, and these problems have caused many deaths in the last 20-25 years. At the time, I was too young to understand what was happening and why there was a cold war between us and them. As I grew up, I’ve noticed that what caused these conflicts and the deaths of thousands of soldiers was nothing more than a “We’re the better race” fight; started by politicians, but fought by citizens. I believe that is one of the many reasons why racism is such a big problem in my mind, not because I have to deal with it myself, but also because how the labels people put on each other can end so many people’s lives.
In other incidences in the later part of 1984, one of an IRA members, Patrick Magee planted a bomb in the Grand Hotel in Brighton, England, killing 5 people and injuring 31 people and in 1998 there was a car bombing that killed 29 people. The IRA continued these acts of violence in order to force the British Government to end their rule over Northern Ireland and wanted to reinforce their position as an independent country. They continuously demonstrated how vulnerable London was by arranging bombings in heart of Britain. The IRA started a new tactic in British mainland known as the London Bombing Campaign, in March 1992 the terror attack left a scar in British history as two young boys were killed by an explosion in Warrenpoint. These Campaigns in London were not very successful as they lacked local support and the IRA struggled with logistics.
Date Accessed 4 May 2017 Source C deals with the non-cooperation movement of 1920–22 in which Gandhi sought to induce the British government of India to grant self-government to govern themselves. It was one of Gandhi’s first organized acts of large-scale civil disobedience (satyagraha). This was brought about by the widespread outcry in India over the massacre at Amritsar in April 1919. The massacre relates to British troops killing hundreds of Indians resulting in widespread anger due to little or no consequence against the perpetrators. The non-cooperation and civil disobedience movement was once again premised on nonviolence in which Indians resigned from their titles, boycotted government educational institutions, the courts, government
World War 1 started on the 28th of July 1914 and lasted until 11th of November 1918. In the years preceding the war tensions between countries rose, sparking the war. Below are the three main reasons why the “War to End All Wars” broke out. One of the Main reasons why the war started was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on the 28th of June 1914 in Sarajevo. Gavrilo Princip a crazed member of a terrorist group “Black Hand” killed the Archduke as he hated Austria-Hungary and the Archduke.
A known conflict between two cultures is the conflict between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland, which lasted from 1968 to 1998. Bono, the lead singer of the Irish Band U2, relates to this conflict. In the article “In Ireland, Tuesday’s Grace” written by Bono in 2010, Bono describes the anger Irish people towards Great Britain after the “Bloody Sunday”. Besides that, he describes how the Irish people are trying to get on with life after the massacre. Bono describes how the Irish view on Great Britain slowly changed, when the former Prime Minister, David Cameron, came with an official apology for the massacre on behalf of the Great Britain and the Government.
Resulting in continuous threat to human lives and disruption of normality hence enforcement of war measures act was required to curb the situation. In 7 years leading to 1970, FLQ used terror tactics to communicate their message to people and detonated almost 100 mailbox bombs across Quebec causing high number of injuries and millions of worth of property loss. These bombings occurred particularly the city of Westmount, which was predominantly an English speaking city. Besides Westmount, Montreal City Hall, railway tracks, army installations, and Royal Canadian Mounted Police recruitment offices were also targeted at different occasions to give a symbolic message to the government. first casualty of these bomb attacks was a 65 year old veteran who was one month away from his retirement.
Four innocent lives taken, twenty-two people injured, causing affliction in the families lives. Because of Birmingham having a big impact United States and the Civil Rights Movement, it changed racial history. The KKK had a momentous role in the Racial equality fight, The Civil Rights Movement. Birmingham 16th Street Church Bombing had a significant impact on the Civil Rights Movement in the United States. The KKK was a white nationalized group that included former veterans, which created the first branch of the group.
Over 1,000,000 were made homeless and 100,000 civilians were killed in this raid. On both sides bombings and strikes were made on centers of production, transportation routes, and other facilities causing a great deal of harm to the civilian population. By the end of the war over 50,000,000 civilians had become casualties of war. The destruction
Over the course of the attacks, approximately 10,000 innocent men, women, and children were killed. (NBC para.1) Al Queda was the most dangerous and feared terrorist group and caused millions of people a lifetime of fear and grief. Osama bin Laden was a horrible man who took the lives of thousands and his assassination gave the world a sigh of relief. Although
During the 1830’s, here was a political backlash on immigration, specifically because of the fact that most immigrants at that time were Catholic. This was troublesome because back in the 1500’s the protestants split from the Catholic Church, and this new wave of immigration sparked fear that the number of Catholics would grow. The reason that this fear was made possible was because even though the United States constitution does not explicitly mention god, religion has had influence on politics. An example of religion having influence over politics was the Anti-Saloon League in 1895, which was a protestant movement aimed at democratic government and local rights which also incorporated an anti-Catholic sentiment. This group was the first major religiously motivated to successfully have an impact on politics in the United States.