The works of Lao-Tzu and Machiavelli bring to light a very interesting question, "is it better to be feared or loved?" Lao-Tzu was an ancient Chinese philosopher that believed in peace, simplicity, and letting the world do its work without intervention until absolutely necessary. Machiavelli, an Italian politician and writer, emphasized the necessity for war, and addressed the wicked nature of men. Both of these individuals have very contrasting points of view in regards to ruling a kingdom. Three of these major differences were about war, human nature, and the use of mercy.
This was a question that was put before me recently and I thought it an interesting one. For many people the answer is it 's easier to be unhappy, because unhappiness, struggle and complaint are their default beliefs and behaviors. For others, happiness seems to come easily. We all know those people who seem just naturally happy, no matter what. They bounce back from setbacks and keep going along their merry way.
For centuries, philosophers have provided us with a greater understanding of the world around us, providing suggestions as to how we might reflect upon, criticise, or improve the societies in which we live. This has allowed us to speculate on many topics, such as politics, ethics, and morality. Among many others, two of the most influential thinkers to this day are Nicolo Machiavelli and Immanuel Kant. Their writings, The Prince and An Answer to the Question “What is Enlightenment?” provide insight as to how societies should be ruled and set up in order for all people within them to be content.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, a lecturer and poet who led the Transcendentalist movement in the nineteenth century, once stated, “Great souls are they who see that spiritual is stronger than material force, that thoughts rule the world.” In the movie I Am, written and directed by Tom Shadyac, he poses two questions. These questions address the problem with human nature and how we as a society can attempt to fix it. Society’s difficulties are greed and not realizing an individual’s true meaning because it focuses too much on materialism and immediate satisfaction. Shadyac’s major themes of man’s search for happiness, greed, and the nature of man in relation to man’s meaning, purpose, and end, and happiness will aid in answering the questions that he poses.
Nichomachean Ethics In the book Nichomachean Ethics by Aristotle, Aristotle tries explain to us what the ultimate goal of the human life. He says that every activity we participate in has and ultimate goal or an end. He states that happiness is the ultimate goal in life and that every activity we engage in our daily lives is to achieve happiness.
To what extent does your comparative study of Pride and Prejudice and Letters to Alice on First Reading Jane Austen demonstrate that the conflict between an individual and society is an important universal concern? Through their respective works and texts, composers often illustrate conflict within the perspectives of both characters and responders. A close comparison of ‘Pride and Prejudice’ and ‘Letters to Alice on First Reading Jane Austen’, enables individuals to identify the disclosure of conflict as an important universal concern. Analysing the characterisation of Elizabeth and the didactic tone used by Weldon, conflict between an individual and society is revealed through the restrictions of marriage, rigidity of gender roles and shifting
Love is an unselffish loyal and benevolent concern for the good of another. In Frankenstein by Mary Shelly the creature is not shown love which leads to emotions like unhappiness, hatred, and destruction. Emotion is the charactristic of romanticim which contributes to the overall motif of love is a necessity for happiness. Seeing that there was no hope in the goodness of humanity, the creature realizes that he needs an equally ugly female companion to love. He explains to victor “I am alone and miserable; man will not associate with me; but one as deformed and horrible as myself would not deny herself to me.”
Like stated above, his exact reason for deafness is not known. Beethoven himself had said to a close friend, in a journal excerpt, that the reason for his deafness was an illness that started with the belly. "The cause of this must be the condition of my belly which as you know has always been wretched and has been getting worse, since I am always troubled with diarrhea, which causes extraordinary weakness. Frank wanted to tone up my body by tonic medicines and restore my hearing with almond oil, but prosit, nothing happened, my hearing grew worse and worse, my bowels remained as they had been. This lasted until the autumn of last year and I was often in despair (Prevot, 2001).”
What qualities and ideas make a good ruler? Machiavelli was very blunt about his ideas on how people should be ruled in general. The popular consensus of his ideas was very negative during the time he wrote “The Prince”. Machiavelli made it seem like his goals were only focused on maintaining rule of the people. He didn’t care how the populace may feel or if they were happy or not, just if the ruler could keep them in check.