Large amounts of poverty-stricken populations have another choice but to give in to the coercion or exploitation in order to survive. The people most vulnerable are the people most affected by it, Women, low-skilled migrant workers, children, indigenous peoples and other groups suffering discrimination on different grounds are disproportionately affected. Overall the main causes of forced or bonded labor are lack of education, poverty, large families with not enough money as well as the political, social and economic standpoint of the country it is occurring in. Uneducated people can be easily manipulated into believing that the work they are doing is fair and not a hidden form of slavery. Poverty leads to desperation and creates people willing to do anything for even a very small amount of money.
Just like manufacturing companies in Asia that are compelled to use child slaves for mass production, slave masters from 18th century America also ignored slaves’ suffering caused by fatigue and hunger. Unfortunately, African American slaves suffered more than the Chinese slaves because they were punished through “whipping, shackling, hanging, beating, burning, mutilation, branding, and imprisonment” (“Treatment of the Slaves”). However, the similarity between child slavery in China and slavery in American can still be portrayed by slaves’ living conditions and punishments despite its difference in
Ghana is a prime example of a country that had to deal with the burden of the slave trade where “the scene in many rural areas appears to have changed little with grass thatched mud-walled huts”, this is inadvertently caused by the transatlantic slave trade. If the forced upon slave trade hadn’t been established by European states, then millions of West Africans may have remained in their countries as economically active citizens to further their economic stature, which in turn would result in an industrial revolution amongst West African states, as their agricultural production would have remained
It is my belief that the racist attitudes towards Africans is the main cause of the growth and expansion of the slave trade because it can be argued that if Africans were white with no cultural differences, the slave trade simply would not have occurred because the Europeans would have had no reason to think of African civilisation as different and would therefore have no reasoning to enslave their
Research study indicates that several factors including poverty are responsible for pushing children for oppressed labor, such as accessibility of inexpensive and docile labor, lack of awareness among masses about the basic value of education, lack of opportunities for compulsory education, existence of safeguards in the legislation for employment of children in the garb of vocational training and engagement of the children in small industrial process carried out by the families ventures and ineffective enforcement of the prohibited
During the slave trade, African chiefs aided the Europeans in capturing slaves from their own people in exchange for goods such as metal tools, fine textiles, and guns. This created a defined hierarchy and conflicts within clans. Hundreds of years later, Africans today are segregated because of their ethnicity. Arrogances of racism, discrimination, and prejudice were strengthened towards Africans today (Rezek 105). The millions of African slaves who were taken to modern day South and North America were cut off from their African roots and eventually their culture was diluted and replaced by foreign beliefs.
Compared to many other countries within the Southeast Asian region, Thailand has had a long history of both human trafficking and anti-trafficking intervention. As a result, the causes of human trafficking throughout Thailand are more openly acknowledged and better understood than elsewhere in the region. However, a stark divide between the understanding of the sex trafficking and labor trafficking industry still exists. The Thai government has been reluctant to act in contesting labor trafficking when compared to the contentious actions that it has taken to curtail sex trafficking. The primary causes of human trafficking present within the country are the sex tourism industry and rapid economic growth.
Education facilities were not available for girls belonging to traditional families have purdah among the families. 2.1.5 Illiteracy and Ignorance of Parents In India, the lower income groups are mostly illiterates. They are forced to think only of present and not of the future. A seminar on employment of children had in December 1975 indicated that “child labour” is prevalent extensively in labour services economic group because of lack of opportunities on their part of the role that education plays in improving life and living standards of the people” The study found that the educational status of parents whose children were found doing chicken work was very poor. In most cases the mother
Poverty, caste, traditional, size of the family, labour scarcity wage rates, illiteracy, ignorance, schooling facilities etc. are the major factors for the occurrence of child labour.Parents view that more children, mean more earnings and hence they force their children to work. Poverty and child labour go together ad tend to reinforce each other in poor families. If we see the gravity of problem with demand side, then it has been observed that the proprietor with obsolete technology in traditional manufacturing sector find the way easy to employ the child labour, boys and girls at cheap rate the order to reduce production cast and increase sales volume I competitive markets and earn sufficient revenue. It is found that the various sector identified as hazardous process under Child Labour Regulation and Prohibition Act 1986, we see that the sectors such as Bidi industry, Brassware, Bricks, Firework, Footwear, Glass Bangle, Locks, Matches.