Therefore, synovial fluid found in the joint helps minimize friction during extension and flexion of the knee because the viscous fluid functions as a lubricant to act as an absorber to prevent bones from hitting one another. Also, hyaline cartilage helps minimize friction by providing a smooth sliding area that still allows minimum movement of bone without hitting one another. 7. Describe the changes a broken bone undergoes as it is healing. ( 4 points) When bone heals it undergoes four repair phases.
This deformity can be caused by a variety of problems, including: • Osteoporosis. This bone-thinning disorder can result in crushed vertebrae (compression fractures). Osteoporosis is most common in older adults, particularly women, and in people who have taken high doses of corticosteroids for long periods of time. • Disk degeneration. Soft, circular disks act as cushions between spinal vertebrae.
Mild sprains can be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation. This is referred to as the RICE method. If your gluteal strain is severe or causing you extreme pain, your health care provider may suggest pain medicines or physical therapy. A severe strain may require surgery, but this is rare. HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS • Take over-the-counter and prescription medicines only as told by your health care provider.
When joints are dislocated it makes the tendons, and ligaments as well as the muscles surrounding the joint to be vulnerable to tear. Not to mention, the extreme risk for damage to the bone structure from the dislocation. Obviously, some dislocations are worse than others, like when someone dislocate a knee often times doctors or trainers are able to just pop it back in place, brace it, instruct the players to stay off of it for a few weeks and they’ll be fine. The knee may still hurt, but the recovery isn 't near as bad. The story is not always so smooth for other types of dislocations.
In other words, osteoporosis is not diagnosed until there is a fracture. As stated in Mayo Clinic, once the bones have been diagnosed by osteoporosis, the signs and symptoms include back pain which is caused by a fracture or collapsed vertebra, loss of height over the time, a stooped posture and a bone fracture will occurs much more easily than expected. Usually, osteoporosis develops slowly over the year and after a certain amount of bone loss, a bone fracture after a minor injury as a fall may occur. For example, if a person have osteoporosis, the force of a simple fall to the ground like from the height of a standard chair is usually enough to fracture a bone. Normally, a simple fall to the ground like that does not cause a fracture in normal person who have a healthy bone.
The cartilage can be damaged or worn by previous injury such as an elbow dislocation or fracture. Another reason for this injury to occur would be the deterioration of the joint cartilage due to aging. This injury typically affects the weight bearing joints. However osteoarthritis least affects the elbow joint because of its well matched joint surfaces, strong stabilizing ligaments and it can tolerate large forces without becoming unstable. Osteoarthritis is diagnosed based on the symptoms and x-rays of the elbow joints (which shows the arthritic changes).
Open reduction. In this type the humerus is placed back in the joint with surgery. An open reduction may be recommended if: You have a weak shoulder joint or ligaments. You have had more than one shoulder dislocation. The nerves or blood vessels around your shoulder have been damaged.
However, the findings of EDS contain laxity and weakness of joints. At the early age, chronic pain develop a joint disease called osteoarthritis. It has elastic skin, fragility skin, blood vessels and membranes. Tissue fragility can affected the people who have experience of bruise, bleeding and wound is not healing properly. Many people who have EDS, the symptoms can happen in childhood.
The protective cartilage on the ends of bones breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. Bony growths can develop, and the area can become inflamed. The major symptoms are joint pain and stiffness. Some people can have swelling, tenderness and grating or crackling sound when moving (NHS,n.d). These are the symptoms Mohamed reported to the doctor.
This is important because Concussions can sometimes result in long-term injuries. This is a problem because you don’t want to live life in pain from one blow to the head. As said by Weill Cornell long-term concussion injuries may cause “Moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) which can cause symptoms similar to a concussion, but people with these TBIs often experience more severe problems with attention and short-term memory, have difficulty