Bono And Avolio: Inspirational Motivation

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Inspirational Motivation In inspirational motivation, the leader is expressly and characteristically emphasizing to his followers the need to perform well and helps to accomplish the mission and goals of the organization. Bass and Avolio argue that the leaders who adopt this kind of behaviour have an ability to strengthen their followers’ responses (Bass & Avolio, 1994). Based on Balyer, A. (2012), inspirational motivation is to motivate and inspire those around them by displaying enthusiasm and optimism, involving the followers in envisioning attractive future states, communicating high expectations, and demonstrating commitment to the shared goals. It describes managers who motivate associates to commit to the vision of the organization.…show more content…
Intrinsic factors come from the inside and affect employees’ thoughts, and finally determine their attitude and behaviour. Extrinsic factors are the ones coming from the outside or the surrounding environment, including salary, work environment, organizational policy, and work relationship such as reward, promotion, or structural position. Leaders of the organization mostly control extrinsic factors. Employees often feel dissatisfied just because their bosses approach them in ways inappropriate from the perspective of the employees. Bono and Illies (2006), reported that there is a positive relationship between charisma, positive emotion and mood contagion of leaders to provide inspirational motivation to their followers that influence their job satisfaction. Based on Holtum (2007), his study found that intrinsic and extrinsic motivations are negatively correlated to each other. In addition, intrinsic motivation is positively correlated to job satisfaction while extrinsic motivation is negatively correlated to job satisfaction. Otherwise, according to Sulieman Ibraheem, et.al., (2011) and Fatima, et.al., (2011), inspirational motivation have been found to be positively related to job…show more content…
Meanwhile, Robbins (2003) depicts that it is the desire to work on something that is interesting, challenging, satisfying, exciting or involving. Intrinsic motivation is the innate and natural propensity to engage an individual’s interests and exercise an individual’s skills and capabilities, and in so doing, to look for and achieve optimal opportunities and challenges (Deci and Ryan, 1985). Next to intrinsic motivation is extrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation refers to performing an activity with a feeling of being pressured, tension, or anxiety just to make sure that one would achieve the result that he or she desires (Lindenberg, 2001). Hennessey and Amabile (2005) depict that extrinsic motivation is the motivation to do something to make sure that some external goal is attained or that some external imposed constraint is met. As stated by (Ryan and Deci, 2000), extrinsically motivated behaviours are actions that cause the attainment of rewards that are externally imposed, including material possessions, salary, additional bonuses, positive feedback and evaluations from others, fringe benefits, and prestige. Extrinsic motivation can easily be seen in everyday life; employees that only go to work because of the salary they receive or students that are obliged to go to university simply because their

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