While serenely reading a book, the sweet voice of a songbird travels through the window. The sound may have come from the beak of a mockingbird. This petite gray bird is completely harmless. Their sole purpose is to provide music for us to enjoy. This is why Jean Louise “Scout” Finch, the protagonist in To Kill a Mockingbird, is always told that “it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird” (119).
When it comes to the complex issues of prejudice and death, the attribution of blame can become exponentially more difficult. Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mockingbird is set in Maycomb, a fictional town in southern USA during the Great Depression and follows the trial, conviction and eventual death of Tom Robinson, an African-American man, for a crime he presumably did not commit. The text largely presents Mayella Ewell as responsible for Tom’s death and although this is true to some extent, there are clearly several other factors at play. The lies and deception of Mayella Ewell clearly help the events to conspire that culminate in Tom’s passing. That being said, the true cause of these events is rooted in the prejudices and warped social structures
In To Kill A Mocking Bird, Harper lee shows that it is better to make decisions based on your own conscience than society's expectation. Three characters that made their decision based on their own conscience are Atticus, Boo Radley, Jem. Even though society was against them, they stuck to what they thought is right and made their own decisions. Atticus got rejected by society for helping a helpless colored man, he made a decision which was very unusual because most of the people in Maycomb were racist and picked on black people. Atticus makes decisions based on his own conscience by taking on the Tom Robinson case, the society were against him and even said “do you defend n****** Atticus?”(Lee 75) everyone was surprised by the decision atticus made, and most people were against him and started to hate him and make fun of him.
During a battle, accusing a black man for a crime they did not commit is racism and using a weapon not for an abdominal thing but protecting the ones you care for. " Tomi, did you take Mayella Ewell... Tom Robinson 's manners were as good as Atticus" (Lee194-195). This quote shows Tom 's innocence of Mayella 's rape after accusing him for raping her. This also shows that Tom is innocent because if he was guilty he would have gotten defensive but he remained calm during the trial. "
In To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, characters commonly appear one way, but in truth are completely different people. For example, while Mrs. Dubose originally appears very cruel and mean, she is revealed to be extremely brave. Also, Mr. Cunningham appears to be very surly and angry, but he proves himself to be a righteous individual. Lastly, while Boo Radley is originally portrayed as evil and frightful, he is later shown to be a hero. Harper Lee makes characters appear one way and then act another way in order to show the discrepancy between appearance and reality.
As a kid, no one wants to be seen as a coward. Therefore, they commit actions to try to prove and label themselves as brave. In How to Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Jem portrays to Dill and Scout that Boo Radley is raw-animal eating monster that's isolated in his home. By creating this false identity, when Jem goes on many daring adventures to the Radley place, he proves his bravery to his friends. However, his determination to prove his bravery and spreading lies about Boo restricts him from emphasizing with Boo Radley.
After attempts to murder two children, Bob Ewell is attacked and stabbed to death- an event that reveals the legitimate personality and identity of Boo Radley. Previously known as merely an isolated maniac, the character Boo has much more depth than any of his neighbors imagined. Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird reveals the true personality of Boo as displayed through the simile of the mockingbird, imagery of his neighbor’s descriptions, and the heroic plot twist in the final chapters of the book.
Society has a way of making people feel like they have to act a certain way in order to be accepted. In fact, students today are taught to be leaders not followers, which helps them not to fall into the temptations of society. Not only is this true today, but it was also true in the thirties in the south. In To Kill A Mockingbird, a story set in Alabama in the 1930s, Harper Lee uses characterization to show how society influences people’s behaviors through her characters Dolphus Raymond, Mayella Ewell and Boo Radley. Dolphus
In the book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, the character Atticus is smart and wise and gives many pieces of advice to his children. One of the pieces of advice is “Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try to win” (Lee 101). This applies to when Atticus decides to defend Tom Robinson in court even though he knows that they won’t win. Although Tom is innocent, and there is no evidence that he is guilty, he is still proclaimed as guilty by the jury. In spite of his efforts being in vain, it makes sense for Atticus to defend Tom Robinson.
Respect Is Key In To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee represents that respect is treating others the way one wants to be treated even though someone may be hard to respect. Social justice requires respect because being respectful to someone could help the situation. The character of Atticus Finch demonstrates respect by respecting the outcasts, gender, and different races. Atticus is respectful to the outcasts such as Boo Radley.
Imagine if you changed something to be better but everyone hated you while you were doing it. Then when you finally finished only some people appreciated what you did. This is what Atticus and Boo did to change people’s perspective and Macomb's perspective. In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee shows us that Atticus and Boo Radley are teachers by changing people's lives by helping them see different points of view.
1. Atticus represents freedom and equal rights for all men, both ideas expressed in the Gettysburg Address because he fought for a colored man’s freedom in a racist court. When Tom Robinson’s case was presented to Atticus, he could’ve easily said no, but Atticus did what he did what President Lincoln asked him to and continued his fight for freedom. The Gettysburg Address fought for the Constitution and so did Atticus. He gave Tom Robinson his Sixth Amendment Right to a lawyer and tried to overcome Macomb’s unjust due process of law in the effort of giving a minority his freedom which is what the Gettysburg Address addresses.
The book To Kill a Mockingbird took place in the 1930’s in a tired old town called Maycomb. Racism was at its highest, while jobs were at its lowest. The story is told in the perspective of the main character Scout Finch a 6-year-old girl. She shows the readers how the good people of Maycomb are hurt with the bad of Maycomb. Scout demonstrates this by putting many characters through many obstacles.
Discrimination is shown throughout To Kill A Mockingbird in numerous ways. Racism and prejudice are shown when the jury makes the ruling to convict Tom Robinson as guilty, despite all of the evidence to prove his innocence; Scout is known for being a tomboy. The lessons about discrimination that Scout learns throughout the novel are applicable to all types of prejudice, Atticus Finch, the father of Scout and Jem Finch, is judged for defending Tom Robinson, an innocent man accused of raping Mayella Ewell, a low class teenage girl. Since most of the community is racist, Tom Robinson’s case is very hard for Atticus to defend. They do not believe a white man should be defending a black man.