Kohn argues that using ‘lures for learning’ can result in students experiencing anxiety (1993, p.8). Also in special education settings students are possibly subjected to ‘Skinnerian manipulation’ (1993, p. 8). This highlights the role of criticality in classroom management and the importance of teasing out underlying assumptions through reflection (Brookfield, 1995). It raises ethical awareness to the behaviourist choices we make as teachers as we ought to recognise that we are not looking to alter the personality of young students through behaviourist techniques, but rather reduce anti-social behaviours. Contrary to this, in Kohn’s view, behaviourist teaching is seen as a ‘controlling’ technique and as a way to increase learning performance.
The criminological theory that I think is the best is the social leaning theory. The social learning is a social learning behavior which is affected by your peers. The people around you can really affect the way you think and act. Just hanging and socializing with people you can adapt bad habits. Learning also occurs through the observation of reactions and punishments.
Traditional researchers who work on Grice Cooperative Principle aim to criticize the practicability of these maxims, yet a research on understanding the sensitivity to the violation of these maxims is to be done. This paper opens out that the main challenge for inferring the meaning of the conversation is in identifying and accessing relevant contextual information. In this paper, I incorporate evidence from several implicatures of violation of Gricean maxim of Cooperative principles to understand that both children and adults are able to accomplish complex pragmatic inferences comparatively in an efficient way, and at the same time, encounter some difficulty in finding what is relevant in
Aggression is a spoken or physical behavior that causes intentional harm to a person. There are many different theories that argue what the cause of aggression is but this can be divided into two major types: people who think that aggression is inborn and those that view it as a learning behavior. The Social cognitive theory states that we learn behaviors through observation and modeling and this could be implied that we learn aggressive behaviors through observing and imitating others. The Social Cognitive theory claims that people learn behaviors from observation, modeling, and motivation such as positive reinforcement. Psychologists mention that people learn behaviors by imitating models through observational learning; as well as through
Each informs the other. It helps me in modifying my teaching strategies and helps my learners in modifying their learning strategies. Therefore, learning and assessment are like two sides of a coin, one cannot exist without the other. I feel that formative assessment in constructivism works best rather than summative because the focus is to improve the quality of a learner than creating evidence of their grades. It assists my learners in learning and helps in identifying their strengths and weaknesses.
Cognitive psychologists challenge the limitation of behaviourism in its focus on observable behaviour. Changes in behaviour are observed, and used as indicators as to what is happening inside the learners mind (Dembo, 1994). Ogwo and Oranu (2006) states that cognitive theory is significant to the entire learning process because, it stresses on human intelligent and its potential for helping learners to retain, process and apply acquired information in future. Cognitive learning theory
 It is not only about learning formal rituals but it is also about learning emotional, social,economic and political context from the people.  At this stage, it is important to focus on exploring and learning cultural differences. Taylor and Guerin(2014) state that during the learning process of differences, inappropriate behaviour or interaction and stereotyping may result due to the impossibility of learning all aspects of culture upfront within the practitioner 's practice. Therefore, when the care provider has more knowledge on cultural awareness, it makes it easier for themto achieve the principle of the cultural safety. Cultural sensitivity The other component of cultural awareness is cultural sensitivity, which is being sensitive about the differences through the learning process of cultural awareness.
And do not really take notice of its importance, these students will think of knowledge as more of a negative thing, whereas the others will think of it as something important and significant. This is an example of how emotions determine whether we really understand the value of something or not. We often think that emotions really trigger our interests that we really need to acquire knowledge. Emotions help us in the sense of making decisions and the way we relate our
Additional to this, those involved are taught to innovatively attempt to achieve the desired goals and outcomes of those involved. This style is applicable when complex issues and concerns are present, therefore a creative combination of ideas is recommended. The disadvantage of this approach is that a tireless and eager effort by those involved is required which may result in a longer time to reach a conflict resolution. Avoiding Conflict Resolution is a style low on assertiveness and cooperation. To put it another way those involved are not focused on feeding their favourable outcomes in regards to the situation at hand.
According to James Clear (2013), we cannot just delete or erase our bad habit, but instead we can replace it with the good one. The source of habit is from our past experience towards certain things. So study habit is likely a result from our collision with certain subject material we trying to learn. Based on Ayodele and Adebiyi (2013), there are certain determinant that effect our habits; socio economic status, faculty, peer group, self-concept and family background. This entire determinant can affect people differently.