African -American history predated the emergence of the United States as an independent country, and African – American literature was similarly in deep roots. Jupiter Hammon who was considered as the first published Black writer in America, he published his first poem named, “An Evening Thought: Salvation by Christ with Penitential Cries”in 1761. Through his poem, he implemented the idea of a gradual emancipation as a way to end slavery. His idea was later reprinted in some works such as Le Mulatre a short story published in 1837 by Victor Sejour
W.E.B DuBois’ plan was smarter than Booker T. Washington’s because DuBois’ plan was to fight for the rights of African Americans, and give people a good and equal education. Booker T Washington’s plan was to ignore segregation and discrimination so he can just focus on the wealth and education of former slaves to win over the whites acceptance.
Both of these men were contemporaries and without a doubt their personal experiences and perhaps the overall black experience in the United States guided their conscious to adopt certain strategies and tactics in order to uplift black people politically, economically and socially. This is where these two leaders fundamentally disagreed, which was followed by suspicion, name calling, distrust and an unwillingness to concede and perhaps recognize the strengths and weaknesses that existed in both of their philosophies.
“Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time.”- Thomas a. Edison
was a respected individual of his time, there were many other famous civil rights activists who had similar but contradictory views, as in W. E. B. Du Bois In full William Edward Burghardt. William was a black civil right activist whose views contradicted Booker T. views, “Although he admired Washington 's intellect and accomplishments, he strongly opposed the position set forth by Washington in his Atlanta Exposition Address (“ushistory.org”)”. This shows how William stood up for what he believed for and what he thought was right. Washington views as opposed to Du Bois, urged blacks to “accept discrimination for the time being and concentrate on elevating themselves through hard work and material prosperity; He believed in education in the crafts, industrial and farming skills and the cultivation of the virtues of patience, enterprise and thrift (“Wormser, Richard. Booker T Washington PBS”)”. African Americans should acquire useful skills like getting a quality education and patiently accept their lot until racism faded ; As opposed to Du Bois views to end segregation and not accept black
William Edward Burghardt(W.E.B) Du Bois was one of the most prominent African- American protest leaders in the 20th century. He was a scholar and activist. He co-founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (N.A.A.C.P.) in 1909. He also attended a school in Nashville, Tennessee called Fisk University. It was there he experienced the Jim Crow laws and began to analyze the problems of American discrimination. William Du Bois philosophy on race was different compared to educator Booker T. Washington(Booker). They did not come to terms with a significant amount of topics, had different ideas on progressivism, yet still were able to merge their ideas to help Blacks gain equal rights.
W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington were very influential leaders for the equality of blacks, specifically ex-slaves while W.E.B. DuBois was a founder of the well known NAACP. Both of them agreed that the goal was to have black people be fully engaged in society. This meant they should be active in the economic as well as the political sections of society. Unfortunately, their differing backgrounds brought them to very different places on how they felt that ultimate goal would be achieved.
There are a few ways that Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. DuBois differ in their strivings for racial equality. The reason that these men differ in their views are pretty apparent and go back to the separate arguments that Jane Addams and Elizabeth Cady Stanton produced for women's rights in the 19th century. Jane Addams made some compromises in her push for women's suffrage to make her argument easier to swallow and take a small step towards equality. Stanton puts out her whole argument for total equality which made her argument hard for her generation to accept, but got all the problems on the table.
Booker T. Washington was born a slave and worked as a janitor to get through school. Whereas W.E.B. Du Bois was born in the North and faced very little discrimination, and had an easier time getting into College. They were well educated, and the only difference between them was how they were raised in different environments. Both were on the journey to improve African American’s social and political status in America. However, they had different methods for getting what they wanted. Regardless, they were able to aid in ending discrimination and received equal standing in education, labor, acquiring of land, etc.. If it had only been Du Bois fighting for equality, then he would have achieved the fight for equality sooner. On the contrary, Du Bois only provided one view to how African Americans were being treated; Washington had a friendlier approach. This may be due to his fear of being lynched or placing African Americans in a harsher situation than they already were. Washington seemed more methodical—he was thinking about African Americans having the full rights of the 14th and 15th amendments. At the same, he was also concerned about the consequences of his speech, and if it angered the whites more than it relieved the situation they were all facing. Washington and Du Bois had every intention to improve the social and political status of African Americans, but they sought different plans to achieve such goals due to their different upbringings, values, and opinions.
Outline: This essay will showcase the contradicting philosophies between W.E.B Du Bois and Booker T. Washington. Also, paying close attention to the different types of leadership between the two historic leaders in the black community. Both W.E.B Du Bois and Booker T. Washington contributed to and helped shape the future of African Americans.
In Mark Bauerlein’s, Negrophobia: A Race Riot in Atlanta, 1906, the political and social events leading to the riot are analyzed. The center of events took place around and inside Atlanta in the early 1900’s. The riot broke out on the evening of September 22, 1906. Prior to the riot in 1906, elections were being held for a new Georgia governor. Bauerlein organizes his book in chronological order to effectively recount the events that led to the riot. He explains political campaigns, newspaper propaganda, and a fear of black takeover were responsible for the riot.
Booker T. Washington was a man of action. A great orator, he could galvanize people to his cause. He believed in fighting, and hopefully, winning. For reforming the South, he saw a long-range plan for educating African Americans for responsible citizenship and complete integration into the American way of life.
Booker T. Washington was the preeminent black educator in the late 19th, early 20th century, a major influence in topics such as southern race relations and was also the dominant figure in black public affairs. W.E.B. DuBois was the first African American to graduate from Harvard University with a Ph.D. He was also the best known spokesperson for African Americans and he founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) In 1909. Both Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois thought the social change was needed. They both also wanted education to be instrument that African Americans used to bring about this change and they both also wanted the African American community to prosper economically. Even though Booker T.
Presently today, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, is known as the momentous African American leader who dominated during the early twentieth century. During this era, Booker Taliaferro Washington, was the prominent leader for African Americans. Both Du Bois and Washington stood behind the fair and equal rights for African American’s. The early twentieth century was hard times for African Americans; the ending of the reconstruction era allowed southern whites to gain full control over local state governments. (Wolters 40). This swift change in leadership of local state government resulted in segregation, primary elections to disfranchise voting rights and manipulated poll tax for southern African Americans (Wolters 40). Washington and Du
Booker T. Washington is by far one of the brightest and strongest minds from his time. During his Atlanta Exposition address he displays his intellect masterfully. From Mr. Washington’s use of language he was able to seamlessly piece together a speech that we still analyse to this day. Mr. Washington use of rhetoric explains and enlightens the circumstances of freed African Americans trying to fit into communities in the south. From mistreatment and racism still present in the newly freed people.