Graff paints reading as an insufferable and tedious chore that must be endured and the way that one is able to complete such a task is through theoretical analysis of the text. However, some students have a passion for reading that can drive them to spend time studying and interpreting a text. This would lead to more original ideas than interpretations that are influenced by what other critics say about a text or by the reader being told how to read a text. Graff does not believe in Bloom’s idea of “just reading”: “As readers, we are necessarily concerned with both the questions posed by the text and the questions we bring to it from our own differing interests and cultural backgrounds” (46-47). While Graff views this as an unavoidable contamination of “pure” reading, I believe this can also be viewed as a unique perspective that could be lost by an introduction to literary theory.
That sentence provides the main idea for the rest of his book, it helps prove his point by giving us the straight forward answer to the premise of the book. That sentence is a claim to Machiavelli boldly follows by and will not falter to an opposing idea. Machiavelli persistently elaborates on the idea that fear is powerful motive that is not to be reckoned with, he starts to state the fault in the common man. Machiavelli states “ For it is a good general rule… the danger is remote,”. Machiavelli here utilizes the rule of thirds, and partially inductive
If the odds are not in one’s favor, it does not mean that he or she cannot accomplish his or her goals. Sherman Alexie proved this by overcoming the barriers and the doubts to become a writer. In his essay Superman and Me Alexie conveys anyone can accomplish their goals, he does this by using the rhetorical devices anecdote, ethos, and anaphora. Alexie utilizes personal anecdotes throughout the essay to demonstrate how he has overcome the odds. In the beginning he discussed how he was introduced to reading, then conveys the extent of his effort towards reading and how it has assisted him in becoming a successful writer.
Like Edmund Wilson says, “Whenever you read a good book, somewhere in the world a door opens to allow in more light.” This quote gives the reader an idea of when one reads a book, it allows one to look at every little thing of a bigger world and that can open up their imaginations and ideas. By reading, one can recognize more about what others are thinking or feeling, enriches one’s imagination, which advantages them to socialize in a wider range. Chiefly, reading can make one think more about their country’s society. Reading allows one to understand deeply of what others are thinking or feeling, and develop their ability to imagine various ideas. In the article, “Novel Finding: Reading Literary Fiction Improves Empathy,” written by Julianne Chiaet, she uses a tone
The excerpt Brave New World by Aldous Huxley has a lesson to be learned in the excerpt that has a key of life. The literary element can help you put a summary together or construct a story. The literary techniques help you read the story smoother or gives you clues to understand the story. The universal meaning is what your opinion of story or excerpt you read. I think the author’s purpose of the excerpt was to see the different points of view in each lives such as just happiness or happiness with a little bit of
Alexie begins building his credibility with personal facts and establishing himself with honest judgment, while strongly exerting emotional appeals; however, he doesn 't incorporate appeal to logic, which isn 't necessary considering the piece is more on a personal level. Sherman Alexie was born in the year 1966, he was born and raised on the Spokane Reservation in Washington. While going to school on the reservation Alexie was limited to learning and education. However, he learned to love books from watching his father, whom he loved and looked up to, spend the little money he had on books. The start of Alexie 's passion for reading begin when he picked up a Superman comic book.
While Alexie also takes on an identity to fortify his argument, it is a completely different identity than Prose. The authors both appropriate a distinctive style and rhetorical devices into their essays, which in turn create strong arguments, captivate the audience, and reveal the writer’s true thoughts and feelings. As stated earlier, Alexie uses numerous rhetorical devices in his essay, Superman and Me. A few of these being: repetition, parallelism, and flashbacks. Alexie poses repetition throughout his essay when he writes, “I was smart.
When trying to persuade an audience, one must use numerous writing tactics in order to do so properly. One author that does well with this is Dana Gioia. Dana Gioia does well with building an argument in order to persuade his audience. Initially, Dana Gioia does well with making a paramount argument by strengthening his side by adding an emotional appeal to provide connection between his audience and his argument. This is represented in paragraph three when he states, “That individuals at a time of crucial intellectual and emotional development bypass the joys and challenges, of literature is a troubling trend.” The way that he words the end of this quote, “a troubling trend,” provides the readers with negative feelings like panicked and downtrodden.
In the article, “Why Literature Matters” by Dana Gioia, he states that the decline of interest in literature—especially from young teens—will have a negative outcome in society. Notably, he informs the readers by utilizing strong vocabulary, as well as rhetorical appeals to persuade his audience that the decline in reading will have a negative outcome. This allows readers to comprehend his views and join his side of the argument. Gioia’s word choice assists in showing the magnitude of the text by stressing the meaning and importance of his argument. Thus, helping the readers have a better grasp on what he is trying to convey.
A Separate Piece of Literature In the words of the great Friedrich Nietzsche, “There are no facts, only interpretations”. Now, while this quote may not be applicable to everything, it certainly finds its place in literature, more specifically framed narratives. Already, in literature, biases are developed by the reader towards certain characters or events that change the reader’s outlook on the entire book in most cases. And when the person narrating the novel may derive personal gain from contorting the facts, however minor, it results in an even more skewed perspective for the reader. Gene narrating the novel A Separate Peace by John Knowles, results in a story different from what it would be if it was a third person narrative, due to the fact that everything is every biased by Gene’s perspective.