Borderline Personality Disorder Analysis

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Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a mental disorder that affects 5.9% of the general population. Borderline Personality Disorder is defined as a mental disorder characterized by unstable mood, behavior, and relationships. Though this disorder has only been considered a psychological disorder since 1980 when it first appeared in the DSM-III, it affects around 3 million people in the U.S every year. According to the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders(American Psychiatric Association,2013), individuals must present 5 or more of the 9 criteria to be officially diagnosed with BPD, which commonly presents itself during young adulthood. Individuals with BPD may make frantic efforts to avoid abandonment. Whether this abandonment…show more content…
To find a cause you must look to the biopsychosocial model, or the combination of biological, psychological, and social factors that take part in the development process in a functioning brain. The biological factor is examined in multiple studies, an example of a study that was done is by a group in the Netherlands that looked at monozygotic and dizygotic twins and their families, The studies showed “that genetic effects explain 35 to 45% of the variance in borderline personality disorder and borderline personality features” (Distel M., 2009) this and other classical twin studies are important because it detects the genetic influences of BPD features. While the genetics play a big part in the etiology of BPD so does the social factors. It is common that individuals who suffer abuse or neglect in childhood can develop BPD; in addition to this individuals who had learning disabilities or suffered from alcohol and drug abuse can develop BDP. This is due to the negative social attention the individual receives from interpersonal relationships. Researchers and psychologists are also lead to believe that brain abnormalities such as size variations in the hippocampus, amygdala, and the frontal lobe. All parts that regulate emotions and…show more content…
There are three types of treatment for borderline personality disorder that are actively used. Dialectical behavior therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that was created specifically for BPD. CBT is a type of cognitive behavior therapy that focuses on the psychosocial factor of BPD; It was created based on the idea that some people react in intense ways to certain situations usually dealing with family, friends, or romantic relationships. The cognitive characteristic identifies behavior and thoughts that could make life difficult then eliminates them with new ways of thinking, this leads into the support orientated characteristic where the therapist and client identify an individual's strengths and builds them to improve their life. In addition to those characteristic, there is a collaborative one. This characteristic is meant to create a stable structured relationships between the client(s) and therapist, this is because of the symptoms and individua can experience with BPD and how vulnerable they may be to interpersonal relationships. When a psychologist believes the therapy treatment is not enough they may send the individual to a psychiatrist where they can be given medication as a replacement or add on to the therapy treatment. Often when an individual present paranoia, split thinking, and dissociative episodes, they are given antipsychotic medication

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