Personality Disorder: A Literature Review

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Introduction The personality disorder is characterized by the enduring patterns of inflexible, maladaptive, or antisocial behavior across many situations and leads to the significant impairments in personality functioning and the presence of pathological personality traits such as antagonism and disinhibition(Wakefield, 2013). There are many different types of personality disorders classified according to the particular personality traits. Meanwhile, borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the most common and complex personality disorder (Anon, 2006; O'Connell & Dowling, 2014). BPD is the result of childhood maltreatment such as physical and psychological neglect (Tyrka, Wyche, Kell, Price & Carpenter, 2009). American Psychiatric Association…show more content…
Linehan is recommended as the validated and components in the treatment of BPD (Stuart, 2013; O'Connell & Dowling, 2014; Bateman, Gunderson & Mulder, 2015). DBT stresses the application of behavioral and cognitive techniques such as training in problem-solving and social skills, exercises in monitoring moods and psychological education. Many studies provide evidence to support the effectiveness DBT on BPD client especially with self-injured thinking and behavior. In this article, it is going to explore how the management of dialectical behavior therapy is beneficial to patient with borderline personality disorder, the limitations of DBT and finally suggest recommendations on the use of…show more content…
The goal is to train participants to develop skills for reducing the suicidal thoughts and attempt and hence self-managed emotions and behavior in a wide variety of situations (Barnicot, Gonzalez, Mccabe & Priebe, 2016). The DBT process is broken down into four different stages for dealing with the self-destructive behavior, quality-of-life skills, self-esteem and relationship connection respectively. It comprises of four comprehensive components, including skill-based training, individual psychotherapy, telephone calls and team consultation (Soler et al., 2009). During the treatment, clients are required to fill in the self-observation list which records of their parasuicide behavior daily and discussed with therapist weekly (van Goethem, Mulders, de Jong, Arntz & Egger,
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