If cure is not possible, chemotherapy may be given to minimize the discomfort caused by cancer or slow the progression of the disease to prolong the patient's life (palliative treatment). Types of Chemotherapy Drugs Just like scalpels, lasers, and electric currents are used in surgery, the weapons used to fight cancer in chemotherapy are a host of anti-cancer drugs. How differently these drugs kill cancer cells, or prevent them from dividing, depends on their classification. Drugs in the same class kill cancer cells by the same mechanism: they all attack the same target within the cell. Depending on the type of cancer and the kind of drug used, chemotherapy drugs may be administered differently.
Non surgical approaches comprise plaque control, supra and sub gingival scaling, root planing and the adjunctive use of chemotherapeutic agents. Non surgical therapy’s object is to get rid of both living bacteria in the biofilm and calcified biofilm microorganisms from tooth surface and adjacent soft tissues. A decrease in inflammation of the periodontium due to a decreased bacterial load leads to advantageous clinical changes. Using personal oral hygiene methods, non-surgical therapy helps to create an surroundings in which the host can more effectively prevent pathogenic recolonization of
Often times, patients will undergo chemotherapy or radiation therapy to shrink the tumor before getting surgery to remove it entirely. However, this is not the only way different treatments are used in conjunction with one another. By carefully assessing the location, size, and stage of the tumor and analyzing the patient’s medical history, age, symptoms, and a variety of other factors, oncologists will design an efficient treatment plan with the least amount of
It is like a “potential medical miracle worker.” Gene therapy will produce a good gene for a person and control the bad gene. There are two main types of gene therapy. The first gene therapy is called “Somatic gene therapy.” Somatic gene therapy will treat the patient by using a good gene and putting it in the person’s cells. Even with the somatic gene therapy a person’s future child will likely not have these genes because they will not get passed on. The second gene therapy is called “Germ-line gene therapy.” Germ-line gene therapy will improve the genes in the egg or sperm cells.
The regimen used depends on the type of NHL, the stage, and whether the disease is aggressive or indolent.4 Chemotherapy is the use of cytotoxic (cell damaging) medicines to target and kill tumors. The drugs work by interrupting the DNA of fast-growing cells, preventing them from growing or reproducing. Chemotherapy can lead to a variety of side effects.4 Radiation therapy uses high doses of X-rays, gamma rays, or other types of ionizing (damaging) radiation to kill cancer cells. It may be applied to the whole body or to a specific
Mukherjee puts a point of focus on the terrors of radical mastectomy, which is the removal of the breast tissue, lymph nodes in the armpit, and chest wall muscles, it was considered a deforming surgery. In the early 20th century doctors only knew how to get rid of localized cancer with surgery, if the cancer spread there was no hope. Dr. William Halsted took surgical oncology to the next level by trying to prevent the spreading of cancer by performing an extensive surgery. The radical mastectomy got more and more radical because doctors were racing to see how much of the body they could remove without killing the patient. The radical mastectomy, then turned into the “extraordinarily morbid, disfiguring procedure” (Mukherjee 194).
Physical Therapy If you suffer from back pain, your doctor may recommend physical therapy. This treatment aims to relieve discomfort and prevent future back problems. Physical therapy for back conditions focuses on the structures that support the spine and its joints. A physical therapist can apply different treatments such as heat, ice, electrical stimulation, ultrasound, and muscle-release techniques. He can also teach you specific exercises to improve your posture and increase joint
Regenerative medicine has a treatment nowadays for our cells, organs and tissues repair and replacement normal function. Hence demands increase in population for organ transplantation. Research has conducted for recent and alternative therapies. Regenerative Medicine can medicate few cells that were damage due to agedness and congenital defects. In addition stem cell has a regenerative medicine; it regenerates, repairs, and restores functionality.
And there are some changes on their body, like menstrual changes, autonomic nervous system instability, hot flashes and vaginal dryness. However, many women see menopause as an illness and having treatment for prevention. They will choose to apply the hormonal menopausal therapy in order to solve the problem of menopause. It shows that medicalization redefining the normal phenomenon of aging, changing menopause into an illness. Our Bodies Ourselves, a public interest organization based in Cambridge, Mass, said that people having menopause treatment is because they can get away form the high risk of chronic disease, a lower quality of life and premature death.
Human Biology- Gene Therapy Gene therapy is something everyone may have heard of but may not know the specifics of how it works, what it may offer to our future and what the pros and cons are to the therapy. In a nutshell, gene therapy is a procedure that is performed where genes are inserted into existing cells to prevent and possibly cure various diseases. The new gene can alter the way the cells behave by destroying the mutated version to modify its effects or by replacing a faulty gene. The main target of treatment in gene therapy are genetic disorders (Better Health, 2017). Gene therapy is still in its experimental phase and scientists are not yet sure of not only what all it can do, but what long-term effects treated patients may