This song begins and ends with musical style of the Ba-benzele people of central Africa by refining African sounds into contemporary funk music. Berry also states that Hancock’s album Mwandishi (1971) was created by working with black activist James Mtume and giving himself the Swahili name, “Mwandishi” which means a composer to show that his advocacy toward Black nationalist
The Roaring Twenties was a time for people to make their dreams come true and for people to try new things. This included three childhood best friends, Paul Mares, George Brunis, and Leon Roppolo, who created one of the most influential jazz bands of the early to mid 1920s (Yanow). It all started with them in a jazz venue located in the basement of Friar’s Inn in Chicago that what was popular for gangsters, businessmen, and just regular people who loved jazz. ( "Tin Roof Blues: The Story of the New Orleans Rhythm King 's"). Over time their group slowly grew into a larger orchestra.
Officially born John Burks ‘’Dizzy’’ Gillespie born on October 12, 1917 in Cheraw, South Carolina. This legendary figure was known for playing the trumpet, his horn had accidentally received quite a unique bend to it, but he never got it repaired because he admired what the newly found sound, sounded like. In the 1930s, he played for the band Cab Calloway including members being Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Billy Eckstine, and Earl Hines. Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker are named as the founders of the Bebop movement, when playing together they fit together like a puzzle piece. He was a co-founder of Afro-Cuban jazz.
This jazz technique involves percussion and rhythms from Cuba and the Spanish Caribbean with a jazz that combines African and European musical elements, and still has characteristics from Bebop (Source 9). While Bebop is the oldest having been developed in the mid 1940’s, Cubop is the youngest, being developed in the late 1940’s, and can also be considered a bit more complex. For Cubop and Bebop to have been possible, a few encounters had to have taken place. These encounters took place between some of the most influential figures of that era.
Jazz and modern dance are two different genres of dance. Jazz dance started in the early 1700’s in Africa and was brought to America through the slave trade. Two pioneers that influenced jazz dance were Jack Cole and Katherine Dunham. Jack Cole was called “the Father of theatrical jazz dance” and is remembered as the prime creator of the jazz heritage. Katherine Dunham was known for her leadership of African American jazz dance and started her own dance company.
Prior to the Emancipation Proclamation, most music was work music or spirituals which were sung without musical instruments. While students of history know the musical classes that moves the blues, there isn 't much data regarding why the class was made. Modest and convenient instruments including the harmonica and guitar was effortlessly acquired and added to the spirituals as of now made by African Americans. The expansion of instruments could be the making of the blues. The blues rapidly got to be prominent among the African American audience members and the sound would in the long run be perfected bringing about sub-classifications including the Delta blues which started in the Mississippi Delta.
The term ‘Jazz Age’ was used by many who saw African American music, especially the blues and jazz, as the defining features of the Harlem Renaissance.” (Wintz 2015) No part of the Harlem Renaissance molded America and the whole world as much as jazz. Jazz ridiculed numerous melodic traditions with its syncopated rhythms and ad libbed instrumental performances. When seen as a melodic theater and diversion, The Harlem Renaissance all began three years before when Shuffle Along opened at the 63rd Street Musical Hall. Shuffle Along was a melodic play composed by a couple of veteran Vaudeville acts—entertainers Flournoy Miller and Aubrey Lyles, and writers/artists Eubie Blake and Noble Sissle.
The nonet was his chance to prove himself to the jazz community, Davis at the time was not as established as many of the other musicians of the cool jazz movement and he was determined to change that. It was during this time Davis forged a working relationship with arranger Gil Evans, Evans and Davis work on few albums together. Both men had a relationship that was like magic; they worked together to release the album, Birth of Cool, in 1954. This album was responsible for drawing attention to the cool jazz movement and influencing the future of the movement. Davis at the time of the cool jazz movement was gripped by heroin addiction and much of his music influenced by the addiction; Davis made the decision to quit the drug and come back a new man.
First developed at the end of the 17th century, Bomba flourished along the coast of Puerto Rico where West Africans and their descendants worked the colonial sugar canes (Prfdance). It comes out of the musical traditions brought by enslaved Africans in the 17th century. To them, bomba music was a source of political and spiritual expression. The lyrics conveyed a sense of anger and sadness about their condition, and songs served as a catalyst for rebellions and uprisings. But Bomba also moved them to dance and celebrate, helping them create community and identity (Smithsonian).
Tejano musicians were reported playing this instrument by the 1870s (Brakefield).” Lydia Mendoza was one of the first Tejano recording stars ever and was very popular in Latin America and in Texas. Since then the music has grown in view and the way Americans viewed music and the American culture. Our nation really led to the promise it gives immigrants way back
11) “American Bandstand” was the place to reach a young audience and Dick Clark was also the first non-music performer to influence African American music by featuring its artists on television. In the book Dick Clark’s American Bandstand, Clark mentions that his show was the first to showcase African American music stars performing their songs, and it showed African American and White teens dancing together and sitting together during the Civil Rights Era of the 1950s and 1960s. (Clark, pp. 106-107) “American Bandstand” was on local television in Philadelphia beginning in 1952, then on national television from 1957 until 1987. It was shown on cable television from late 1987 until its last show in 1989.
In the journal entry Changing Values in Cuban Rumba, written by a dancer and anthropologist Yvonne Payne Daniel, explains the popular dance Rumba that originated from Cuba. I agree with Daniel’s statement that there no is racism in Cuba when illustrating Rumba as national dance. Rumba is a rhythmic dance with African and Spanish elements. In the journal entry Daniel states that Rumba is a dance of lower class black-skinned Cubans in the nineteenth century. Daniel explains that Rumba historically started as people using closets, tabletops and spoons to create their songs.
Jazz has shaped the world we know today. Jazz would have never been as popular without the help of the famous musicians: Jelly Roll Morton, Joe King Oliver, Sidney Bechet, Louis Armstrong, and Duke Ellington. These people helped spread the new genre through radio, railroads, and the records that they played. Where did this all start? The jazz age began in New Orleans where a certain King was born.
Charles Joseph “Buddy” Bolden is considered the father of jazz music. His specialty is the cornet which he played in his band that was discovered as the first group to play jazz music. The rhythm from his talent inspired the perfect sound to dance to. Though his music entertained crowds of people, a recording of Bolden’s ability was never created. It is only up to the imagination of what he really sounded like.