Once a celiac patient eats something that contains gluten, the immune system produces antibodies to gluten because it considers gliadin a threatening substance. These antibodies cause intestinal inflammation by damaging the villi, hair-like structures on the lining of the small intestine function to help food
The recent outbreak of food poisoning in South Africa that led to several deaths is Listeria(listeriosis). Listeriosis is an infection that is caused by consuming food contaminated by the bacteria Listeria. The infection can cause serious illness in pregnant women, neonates, adults with weakened or compromised immune systems and the elderly, and is capable of causing gastroenteritis in others who have been severely infected. Most people infected show no symptoms, but the elderly and very young are vulnerable. The outbreak would be discussed under the following Causative organism; Listeria monocytogene, is the organism that caused the outbreak.
Urinary tract infections)UTIs) An infection in the urinary tract is called a urinary tract infection, or UTI. UTIs are expert by millions of people each year. Women are especially vulnerable to UTIs. The cause of a urinary tract infection is bacteria, which often make their way from the digestive tract into the urinary system. One type of bacteria, Escherichia coli (or E. coli), normally lives in the colon.
Local mechanisms implicated in mucosal defence are mucus-bicarbonate secretion, mucosal hydrophobicity, rapid epithelial cell restitution and rich mucosal blood flow2. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) encompassing gastric and duodenal ulcers. It is the most prevalent gastro intestinal disorder and has been a major threat to the world’s population over the past 2 centuries, with a high morbidity and substantial mortality3. Some psychological conditions like anxiety, stress, surgical shock, burns, trauma, free radicals, oxidants, physical, chemical factors also stimulate gastric acid secretion and leads to ulcer4. Prostaglandins E2 and I2 are the predominant prostaglandins synthesized by the gastric mucosa and are known to inhibit the secretion of gastric acid and stimulate the secretion of mucus and bicarbonate5.
Mairs herself doesn’t fully comprehend why she decided on this title, but she believes that she wants others to see her as a “tough customer”. A person who “fates/gods/viruses have not been kind”, yet still can accept the brutal truth. By claiming all this, Mairs makes the reader realize that she’s a unyielding individual, yet also appeals to pathos by invoking feelings of sympathy from the reader. Also, one would likely agree that
This alludes the reader to remember the conditions of how mentally ill humans were treated and how most people would have to resort to mental institutions. So even if the husband in hand made the illness worse by secluding her, he is not the monster. But there is still the problem with her seclusion as a whole and psychologically pushes her to have lack of meaning to life. This is where her imagination begins to wonder through the wallpaper and from a psychological standpoint does what is expected -- creates a reason to be in the world and try to subconsciously overcome the issue by creating a woman who needs help out of the
However, Nurse Ratched’s sudden distaste for McMurphy didn;t always directly happen to him. Previous to his arrival, Nurse Ratched would scold and lecture patients acting out of line, but after the discovery of the ward party, Nurse Ratched grills into Billy Bibbit about sleeping with a prostitute and then comforts the frantic Billy, the whole time Chief describes she “glares at us as she spoke.” (272). This action, intended to draw guilt in McMurphy, exemplifies Nurse Ratched’s poor judgement choice since McMurphy’s arrival. The Nurse Ratched pre-McMurphy would’ve appropriately taken care of the Billy issue, but now upset and angry at McMurphy for the party he’s thrown, her judgement is impaired by trying to make McMurphy feel guilty, which ultimately leads to Billy’s suicide. In general, McMurphy’s arrival and antics played a very negative role in Nurse Ratched’s mental health, which can be seen declining throughout the
This reveals that Mattie has negative attitude towards her mother, in addition to Mother having a poor attitude towards Mattie. Some may argue that both characters will always be negative with one another. Clearly, this is not the case because in the end they both realized their mistakes.. In the beginning of Fever 1793 Mattie and her Mother show a negative relationship, whereas the second half of the story, their relationship is good. When Mother
• Stools having abnormal color. In recent research done by Dr. Axe described that Many adults suffer from gallbladder problems during middle or late adulthood, especially women, who develop gallstones much more than men do. (1) And cholecystectomy, surgery to remove the gallbladder, is one of the most common operations performed on adults in the United States every year. Yet it’s common for even those who have gallbladder issues to be a bit unsure of what the gallbladder does exactly and that a gallbladder diet can help prevent and treat certain issues. The Gallbladder Diet: Gallstones Prevention, Gallbladder Diet and Other Natural Treatments.
The symptoms, mode of treatment, the tests carried out and the affected areas differ for the two urinary tract infections. Cystitis affects the bladder while pyelonephritis the bacterium travels and affects the kidneys. Pyelonephritis affects either one or the two kidneys and its symptoms are high body temperatures, vomiting, back and groin pain, nausea and the patients urinate regularly accompanied with excruciating pain (The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney disease 2012). The symptoms presented in Cystitis are a persistent urge to urinate, pain in the lower abdomen, a burning sensation when urinating, the presence of blood in the urine and cloudy