Fractured Clavicle Occurs in during difficult birth due to unequal movement of the upper extremities Abdomen: Normal Finding A. Shape Round, dome shaped and nondistended B. Umbilical Cord Two arteries, one vein, whitish gray color, odorless C. Bowel sounds Present 1-2 hours after birth Abnormal Abdomen: Definition A. Distension: Fullness of the abdomen above the umbilicus caused by ruptured viscus or tumors. B. Imperforate Anus Blockage of the anus or missing of the anus C. Meconium Ileus Bowel obstruction caused by thick abnormal meconium Genitalia: (complete female and male) Normal finding or Definition A. Female (labia, clitoris, meatus, edema, pseudo- menstruation) 2pts Labia majora covers the labia minora and clitoris and are usually edematous
Upon taking their daughter to the hospital, they discovered that Annabel has two rare conditions: pseudo-obstruction motility disorder and antral hypomotility disorder. These intestinal conditions resulted in Annabel’s intestine muscles failing to contract, which ultimately caused the muscles to believe that there was a blockage in her intestines. For the first years of her diagnosis, Annabel and her family prayed and hoped for a miracle. However, Annabel’s conditions continued to worsen.
There are many different types of birth defects. This paper will discuss one of the more common, spina bifida, which is a type of defect most often referred to as a neural tube defect. Spina bifida directly affects the spine and is often noticed at birth. Spina bifida does not have a specific location but can appear at any location along the spine. The neural tubes are supposed to be closed; in spina bifida this process does not happen, and damage results to the nerves and spinal cord.
1. Stress incontinence: Half of the patients who have urinary incontinence have stress incontinence. This condition is caused by weakened pelvic muscles that have been stretched which allows urine to escape from the bladder. Stress incontinence can be described as mild, moderate or severe. Patients that have stress incontinence, notice leaking urine when coughing, sneezing, straining, exercising or with any other type of exertion.
What happens with this type is that there is an opening of the spine, where the spinal cord and all of the neural elements get exposed. With this type, people can be partially paralyzed in the body parts that are below the spinal cord opening. This can mean that the person who has this can’t walk, or they might have bladder and bowel issues. Sometimes spina bifida can be treated with surgery before or after the child is
Perinatal death, especially one that is sudden, is an emotionally traumatic experience for everyone involved and should not be taken lightly. The perinatal period is defined as the period that commences after 22 completed weeks of gestation, which ends seven completed days after birth. Perinatal death is also known as stillbirth, and globally, more than 2 million stillbirths occur each year 12. One cause of perinatal death is meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Meconium, known colloquially as ‘the first stool of the newborn’, is a viscous, dark-green substance consisting of intestinal epithelial cells, lanugo, mucous, and intestinal secretions.
Often we find belly fat but sometimes intestines can pass through the opening. Small hernias (non-reducible), where the contents cannot be put back through the abdominal wall, by pressure under the skin or navel. These seldom cause problems and can often be left alone. It is however recommended that it be checked regularly to ensure the texture, size and color have not changes.
For most, the condition is simply outgrown. For the few exceptions that require surgery, the out-look is also positive. Children heal fast and the surgery is a relatively easy one. BOWLEGS IN CHILDREN In children up to about 18 months old, bowlegs is a common condition due to how their positioning in the womb.
Urinary incontinence, the loss of bladder control, can also be called enuresis is a problem with many different age groups. This is caused by sympathetic dysfunction. Sympathetic dysfunction affects many systems of the body such as the the cardiovascular, reproductive, and even urinary. Enuresis is a medical term used more towards children meaning involuntary urination, referred to bedwetting most of the time (Silverthorn, 2013). The International Continence Society defines incontinence as “a condition in which involuntary loss of urine is a social or hygienic problem and is objectively demonstrated (Viktrup, 1993).” Incontinence is also very common once a woman becomes pregnant and throughout postpartum. Postpartum is the six week period
Parents toilet training their child too early can lead to results of child being uptight and overly obsessed with cleanliness, order and control. This is also known as anal-retentive. On the other head, when toilet training is trained at the right time, the child’s personality is more likely to be messy, aggressive, stubborn, emotional and rebellious. This is called anal