Metzl and MacLeish first explain that there is a stereotype to what people usually assume a shooter of a mass shooting looks like and the characteristics that they are likely to have. They state in their article, “Mass shootings in the United States are often framed as the work of loners–unstable, angry White men who never should have had access to firearms” (Metzl & MacLeish 2015, 244). This stereotypical claim is backed up by more stereotypical claims that the United States population has liked to consider is the ideal image of a certain race. Metzl and MacLeish state in the article, “In the 1960s and 1970s, by contrast, many of the men labeled as violent and mentally ill were also, it turned out, Black. And when the potential assailants of a crime were Black, US psychiatric and popular culture frequently blamed “Black Culture” or Black activist politics–not individual, disordered brains–for the threats such men imagined to pose” (2015, 244).
Bush and his administration in reference to the United States of America post-9/11 policies. to place it more accurately, he argues that the Bush administration skillfully used the shock that affected the country once the fear attacks, so as to attain its own goals, as well as the war in Iraq and Afghanistan. The author stands on the bottom that the United States of America authorities used mass media as means that of pressure on the mass audience. Moreover, media served as suggests that of psychological pressure on Americans since they accelerated the worry that flooded minds and souls of American individuals. At a similar time, the author implies that American’ reasoning skills were much unfit due to the overwhelming power of mass media that bombarded the consciousness of American citizens with terrible news and even additional terrible forecasts regarding the longer term of the USA (Gore, 2007).
James Queally and Joe Mozingo on the article “Feds fault San Francisco police for violence against minorities and recommend 272 reforms” explains how law enforcement is racially biased towards minorities. Queally and Mozingo support their claim by mentioning the rise of police brutality against Blacks and Latinos and describing the type slurs used when law enforcement are referring to minorities amongst their fellow colleague. The authors’ purpose is to show the reader the type of way law enforcement is unfair to people of color and different cultures. The authors write in a serious tone to those seeking to end police brutality.
Media is focused on people marginalized in society due to race, ethnicity and sexuality. It is based on well-known stereotypes and reinforces them. Moral panic sends society into mass hysteria over an issue or an event that occurs. Stanley Cohen believed that media created a moral panic. Stanley had published a book on folk devils and moral panics (1972) which says that moral panic occurs due to people or groups become threats to society and interests.
In a segment of the documentary Bowling for Columbine, Michael Moore looks into the show COPS. Moore focuses on how the people that are cast on the show COPS are lower class minorities. Throughout the segment, he shows clips of the show COPS and viewers take a look at various occasions where minorities get violently shoved to the ground, arrested, and shot at. Moore suggests that the show can be said to influence people to be scared of lower class minorities. Although Ehrenreich claims talk shows mock the lower class while Moore claims the show COPS causes people to be scared of the lower class minorities, they are along the same lines.
In his untitled gun control and gun rights cartoon, Chris Britt establishes an accusatory tone using critical irony and a macabre diction to condemn the national threat disregarded by the Republican Party for ignorantly advocating unregulated licensing of guns. Chris Britt evidently displays, in his work, a frustrated sentiment towards the American federal government, specifically addressing the Republican Party. Deliberately, Chris Britt labeled the gun store as “GOP Guns and Gore” and highlighting that the store is “Open 24-7”. Bluntly, Britt specified “GOP” (“Grand Old Party”), interchangeably corresponding to the Republican Party, to emphasize his personal disdain against their party platform. Indisputably, through irony, Chris Britt exhibits
The political cartoon “Blood, Sweat, Tears” by Steve Breen focuses on the controversial topic of gun control in America. In order to emphasize the seriousness of taking action, Breen uses an emotional approach. He appeals to pathos to explain how these deaths have emotionally affected Americans throughout the country, and inform of how much effort the executive branch is putting in to limit the access of guns to the mentally ill. Breen utilizes a simplistic approach towards the details to gently remind his audience of the emotional impact that the gun shootings of the past few year have had on Americans.
In his essay, “A Pedagogical Response to The Aurora Shootings” (235) Henry Jenkins analyzes shocking events involving public shootings in society. His main objective is to discuss why violence is a prominent factor in our popular culture and how the media inflames the issue. Jenkins does pose his belief that violence should be critically debated in order to research the main cause of violence within people. He also states that people must step out of the “media effects” assumption of violence and expands the scale to the meaning of what violence represents in movies and books. Jenkin states, “To be extra clear, I do not think media is where this debate should be focused” (236).
The Film 12 Angry Men, written by Reginald Rose, is a film written about the American jury system. In the film, as in any part in life, emotions are a tricky thing; This is especially true for the 3rd, 7th, and 8th jurors. One of the main themes in the film questions that of the emotions of the jurors. That question is: Is it possible to keep personal prejudice and emotions out of a trial? Is this even a good or bad thing?
Uniquely, they ask questions, and then provide strong evidence to support their opinions on the matter or the claim. The tone of this book is mainly critical, the author introduces possible arguments to answer the questions at hand, and continues by refuting them and explaining why they are incorrect. In chapter 3, “How Is the Ku Klux Klan like a Giant Group Of Real-Estate Agents?” Levitt and Dubner mainly use the rhetorical strategy, pathos, when talking about the Ku Klux Klan because what person can disagree with someone proving how terrible a multi-state terrorist organization who’s purpose was to frighten and kill black people in the United States was? The answer is simple, no one, because most people have morals and are disgusted by what the Ku Klux Klan did.
M.T.Anderson in his book Feed gives his readers hints to a crumbling futuristic society that he depicts to be caused by negative corporate consumerism that minute to minute bombardment of advertising and information streaming straight to a person’s brain, may be dangerous. He lays out in his book a blueprint for us to relate to our own society of today, and how this could affect our world around us or even being it to an end. Anderson gives us readers one, of his many examples in his book, on how this type of feed is bad and how consumerism it taking over their brains. This is illustrated when Violet screams at the rest of the group of teens on page (202) about how their feeds have consumed their lives.
Many Indians fought to preventing the government from invading their sovereign land and resisted being force onto reservation. Both Flight and Selma used vivid imagery to show the violence of the oppressor. Alexie’s Flight was full of vivid brutal imagery that helps the reader understand the violent to which the native people up against. Zits, the narrator in Flight mysteriously transported back to 1970s in the body of FBI agent named Hank Storm. When he witnesses one of the agent describing the Native Americans as “The asshole of America” (Alexie 46).
In his article “Ratcheting Up the Rhetoric” (NY Times, 9/3/15) Charles M. Blow, asserts that recent accusations and opposition against the Black Lives Matter movement can be attributed to Americans unwilling to accept the uncomfortable reality of their racist society. Blow follows his claim with various statements made by the media accusing Black Lives Matter of being a “hate group”, examines the “concerted effort to defame and damage” the movement, and cites the public’s desperation to continue denying the truth of rampant police brutality and ingrained racism in America. Blow writes this article highlighting these wrongful attacks on Black Lives Matter in order to destroy the image of a violent “hate group” that the media has painted in society’s
The majority of this article is emotion appeals. The author draws the conclusion that the way the Republican leaders in the United States are responding to this refugee situation is a way of repeating history. The number inferences made between the current situation and the Holocaust pull at the audience’s emotions. The Holocaust is such an powerful part of history with extreme hate and tragedy that at the mere mention of the word “Holocaust” emotions are being affected. The author furthers this tug at emotions by mentioning the story of St. Louis, reminding the us that United States has turned away people in need before and forced them into a death by ignoring their need for help.