Hawaii was molded from underwater volcanoes. Off of the coast of California, the island of Santa Catalina was rising due to earthquakes beneath the surface. “It began rising… as a result of heightened earthquake activity”(Los Angeles Times Santa 2). The earth constantly
Tsunamis happen when the plates on the crust of the earth move, therefore moving the entire plate so that the water rises and is pushed forward, therefore causing a tsunami (Drohan, 2009, p.21). These tectonic plates are everywhere, under everything from the biggest mountain to the smallest hill. Though it is infrequent, volcanoes have been known to cause tsunamis. It happens when to volcano begins to erupt, but instead of coming out from the top of the volcano a lateral blast shoots out from the side. Next, a quickly moving avalanche of lava pours into the water near it causing the wave to travel to distant coastlines (Springer, 2005).
Imagine it’s April 18, 1906, just another day at your work in San francisco. Suddenly the grounds turns to water beneath you and you fall on your back. Your used to the occasional earthquake but this earthquake will ruin your entire life. For this was the biggest earthquake in all of San francisco history. SF Tourism Tips says, “The San Francisco 1906 Earthquake was one of the largest and most significant in Northern California.
A subduction in the Earth’s crust is basically one of the plates is sinking under another plate. This causes a major disruption in the water leading to tsunamis we see today. Technology allows us to find the origin of the tsunami and which plates are moving below the ocean. It also allows us to figure out the total duration of the tsunami and raise in water level. When a ship goes down in the middle of the ocean suddenly there are two interpretations
On 29th of September 2009, on a Tuesday morning Samoa was struck by a horrible tsunami that was triggered by an earthquake. These natural disaster s caused Samoan citizens to lose loved ones, had their homes stripped away from them along with their crops and how their economic environment was left damaged. This report will be explaining to you how these natural disasters affected Samoa. Earthquakes Earths crust is a hard-outer cover that is surrounding around the whole earth; it is made up of many, many pieces that are called Tectonic plates. These tectonic plates are constantly moving however they move quite slowly, the move up to 5 centre meters per year.
These were mainly of two kinds: the tsunami of open-ocean sea wave, generated by large-scale motion of the sea floor; and the local wave, generated by underwater landslides in bays of fiords. The 1964 Alaska tsunami was the second largest ever recorded, again following only the one caused by the 1960 Chile earthquake (4 meters at Sitka). Of the 119 deaths attributable to the effects of the ocean, about one-third were due to the open-ocean tsunami: 4 at Newport Beach, Oregon; 12 at Crescent City, California; and about 21 in Alaska. Local waves claimed at least 82 lives. Maximum height reported for these waves were 70 meters in Valdez Arm.
In 2004 in Indonesia a 9.0 earthquake hit and created a tsunami that killed about 250,00 people and the author Richard Lewis recreaded the story in the killing sea because he is interested in the mysterious ocean. First on page 48 the narrator said “for as far as Ruslan could see, meulaboh had become a lake, clogged with floating debris”. this is true because meulaboh was one of the first places that the tsunami hit so all the ocean water was there and went through many cities and destroyed pretty much everything there.throughout the book Ruslan finds dead bodies and so did many of the rebels, it said that on page 49 the narrator said”across the way, ruslan can see dozens of bodies crumpled on second floor stairs of the shopping mall.” because of the tsunami, about 250,000 people had died so there would be many dead bodies everywhere and inside of every building, but especially in the shopping mall because people like to go to the mall so there would be a lot of people there. Then on page 18 the narrator said”from up top came peter exited cry.”hey, the reefs are drying up! there 's fish flopping fish around!”” in meulaboh,before the tsunami hit the reef dried up and groups of people were just standing there looking at the reef and there actually was fish flopping around, but then the tsunami hit and killed all of the tourists that were just standing there.richard Lewis accurately represented the tragedy of the tsunami in Indonesia and added a few characters that made
Streets are crammed with emergency vehicles, and traffic jams hold up the final roadways. News reporter Olivia Esposito put it best as: “The earthquake killed more than 60 people, injured almost 4,000, and left several thousand Californians homeless.” Undoubtedly, tons of people’s homes and appliances get destroyed due to earthquakes. According to the Earthquake Insurance Claim Form, over $8,000 are spent on bathroom appliances and more than $9,000 are used for bedrooms because of broken windows, displaced floors, and cracked closet walls. Strong earthquakes that hit people’s homes not only destroy their homes, but leave a grand amount of people homeless. As a result, earthquakes affect the Earth, people, and property on it.
Second of all, according to History.com, the city was buried by all of the ash from the volcano, dust poured across the land like a flood. The population decreased by about 15,000 people, the gas is what killed the most. Last of all, the city was destroyed by rocks that built up to 8.2ft, it was so heavy it collapsed on roofs destroying peoples homes, trapping people inside. Gases and ash were about 570 degrees fahrenheit which killed many people because it was that hot. Effect on people, effect on city, and how the city was destroyed are all interesting facts about the magnitude of the eruption in
The entirety of Mount Tambora was covered in flowing liquid fire. Additionally pumice stones rained down with diameters as large as 20cm. Pyroclastic flows reached the waterʼs edge on all sides of the 60km wide volcanic peninsula and the eruption column. Following this devastating eruption, there were smaller explosions, declining in intensity over the next few months. The recorded date of the final eruption is July 15 1815.
Loud booms rang out. The quivering began to intensify, causing belongings to fall in residents’ homes. It was the beginning of the 5.7-magnitude Oklahoma earthquake, which struck on November 6, 2011 and resulted in significant structural damage (“Oklahoma’s Largest Quake in Decades Buckles Highway; Rattles Residents,” CNN). A journalistic study—published in the journal Geology—conducted in 2013 showed that the 2011 earthquake was actually caused by fracking, a practice in which water is injected into the Earth’s ground (“Wastewater Injection
The beginning Category 3 hurricane sustained winds of 100-140 mph and stretched about 400 miles across. The hurricane itself dealt much damage but the afterwards flooding is what caused the most damage in the United States. Experts estimate that Hurricane Katrina caused more than $100 billion in damages. What is a storm surge? A storm surge is the rising of the sea as a result of atmospheric pressure changes and wind associated with a storm.
1 A hurricane is when the winds in a tropical depression rotate counterclockwise at more than seventy-four miles per hour. 2 People fear hurricanes because they can destroy lives and property. 3 Through storm surge, high winds, floods, and tornadoes is how hurricanes have killed thousands of people. 4 Storm surge is where the hurricane’s winds whip up a tide that spills over seawalls and deluges coastal islands. 5 The winds themselves are also destructive, uprooting trees and smashing buildings.