Gulf Deep-water Oil Spill The Gulf oil spill is considered the worst oil spill and one of the worst environmental disasters in the U.S. history. It was April 20th, 2010, that the Deepwater BP oil rig exploded and penetrated in the Gulf of Mexico sea. The Gulf oil explosion killed 11 workers but most of the impact was on marine species such as turtles, herons, gulls, birds, fishes, and sea mammals. Moreover, 16,000 total miles of coastline have been affected, including the coasts of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida due to the release of about 4.9 million barrels of oil into the sea. The BP oil spill continued for 87 days, and even now, oil is still washing up on the shores, which has caused and might cause long-term damage
“In the BP Oil Spill, more than 200 million gallons of crude oil was pumped into the Gulf of Mexico for a total of 87 days, making it the biggest oil spill in U.S. history.” BP has killed thousands of marine wildlife do to the oil spill. “These guys here certainly will survive for a while. But the ones that can 't swim as fast, they 're called prey.” - Stanley D. Rice, U.S. witness. Biological diversity has estimated that the oil spill has killed around 82,000 birds, 6,165 sea turtles, and at least 25,900 marine mammals. These staggering numbers just keep on climbing.
Abstract The Deepwater Horizon Rig explosion that occurred on 20th April, 2010 resulted in approximately 4.9 million barrels of oil been released into the Gulf of Mexico for months and will go down in history as the biggest and most catastrophic oil spill to ever to occur. This research discusses the underlying issues that caused the explosion. The effect on the stakeholders, BP’s response to the crisis and the different approaches they could have taken before and after the accident. Introduction The tragic events that occurred on the 20th of April, 2010, the explosion onboard The Deepwater Horizon oil rig left 11 dead and many injured. Resulting in 4.9 million barrels of oil been released into the Gulf of Mexico.
Dispersants cause the oil to break up into smaller droplets, which become miscible in water. However, these dispersants may result in more ecological harm than good. The chemicals contain nonbiodegradable toxins that can kill fish and migrate great distances. Dispersants also are blamed for the massive oil plumes several hundreds of feet underwater, harmful to all aquatic life, especially fish larvae and filter feeders. Moreover, because of the large volume of oil that has been spilled, the amount of dispersant required and the amount of oil dispersed simply suppresses the problem, rather than solving
This earthquake caused 60 deaths, 9,000 people injured. Causing the San Fernando Valley a total pile of destruction (TheAtlantic.com). What was actually the main cause of the Northridge earthquake? Why did the Northridge earthquake caused so many destruction? The earthquake happened because of the movement from the San Andreas Fault (u-s-history.com) .This little movement from the tectonic caused big things such as earthquake, but what exactly is San Andreas Fault?
In 2004 in Indonesia a 9.0 earthquake hit and created a tsunami that killed about 250,00 people and the author Richard Lewis recreaded the story in the killing sea because he is interested in the mysterious ocean. First on page 48 the narrator said “for as far as Ruslan could see, meulaboh had become a lake, clogged with floating debris”. this is true because meulaboh was one of the first places that the tsunami hit so all the ocean water was there and went through many cities and destroyed pretty much everything there.throughout the book Ruslan finds dead bodies and so did many of the rebels, it said that on page 49 the narrator said”across the way, ruslan can see dozens of bodies crumpled on second floor stairs of the shopping mall.” because of the tsunami, about 250,000 people had died so there would be many dead bodies everywhere and inside of every building, but especially in the shopping mall because people like to go to the mall so there would be a lot of people there. Then on page 18 the narrator said”from up top came peter exited cry.”hey, the reefs are drying up! there 's fish flopping fish around!”” in meulaboh,before the tsunami hit the reef dried up and groups of people were just standing there looking at the reef and there actually was fish flopping around, but then the tsunami hit and killed all of the tourists that were just standing there.richard Lewis accurately represented the tragedy of the tsunami in Indonesia and added a few characters that made
Thousands of people died, the city was wrecked and fires were set aflame. The earthquake happened at 5:13 in the morning on April 20, 1906. The earthquake destroyed the city hall and many more buildings that took a long time to build. It had killed many people and started oil leaks. The leaks led to fires that blazed upon the city and killed many more.
The BP CSR and Crisis History: Before to the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion, BP encountered numerous disasters and scandals and have a track record of ignoring saftey. The first accident which happened in December 1965, where the BP oil rig Sea Gem while it was being moved and it cost the death of thirteen human lives. Next, on March 23, 2005, BP’s refinery exploded, caught fire in Texas City and 15 workers has died. Later BP was under the lawsuits from the victim’s families and charged with criminal violations of federal environmental laws. One year later, an oil spill in Alaska caused pipeline to corrode badly.
This caused them to lose many lives due to this. Natural disasters like an earthquake and flood killed many and them, then plague wiped out thousands of people. This caused Rome to become weak because many people in the army died and many people that helped run Rome died. But then because of the floods and earthquake it killed many people and destroyed many things which really put Rome in a tight spot. “The second year of the reign of Valens (366 CE)... the Roman world was shaken by a violent and destructive earthquake.” “But the tide soon returned with the weight of an immense flood which was severely felt on the coast of sicily, Greece, and Egypt… Fifty thousand persons had lost their lives in the flood.” After Rome lost 50,000 people in the flood the plague killed thousands more.
Killer whales were initially captured in the 1960s, when a female orca was captured and put into a tank. Two days into the female orca's stay she repeatedly bashed her head against her tank wall and perished the following day. Unfortunately, people did not heed or take any precautions from this traumatic incident and since then killer whales all over the world have been captured for entertainment purposes and have been stored in facilities such as SeaWorld. From these types of facilities incidents continue to happen such as killer whales killing their trainers, killing themselves, dying due to medical conditions, and more. Continuous accidents such as these have caused suspicion among the public of whether killer whales live healthy and prosperous lives in captivity and brings up the concern of ethicality.
It involves high-pressure injections of water and chemicals into rock formations, which in turn release natural gas (Thompson, “Hydraulic Fracturing Should Be Banned”). However, fracking can result in many negative outcomes. For instance, scientists who conducted the earthquake study for Geology discovered that not only did fracking cause the biggest earthquake in Oklahoma, but it also caused more earthquakes in states that hardly experienced any seismic activity (“Wastewater Injection Spurred Biggest Earthquake Yet, Says Study,” The Earth Institute Columbia University). In fact, quakes have hit so frequently in Oklahoma, that state and oil regulators decided to shut down five disposal wells due to the increasing number of earthquakes in a city named Cushing (“Oil Regulators Shut Down Two Disposal Wells After Earthquakes Near Cushing”, State Impact: NPR). If fracking is capable of causing temblors as powerful as a 5.7-magnitude, it may be capable of inducing other massive earthquakes in the future.
Valeria De Leon Mr. Mays English III 11 November 2015 Thesis Statement On April 20, 2010, the oil-drilling rig Deepwater Horizon exploded due to equipment failure and sank, spilling over 200 million gallons of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico in the course of three months. The BP oil spill was the worst environmental crisis America has ever faced, damaging coastal habitats, the environment and the economy.
Desalination is when sea water has the salt extracted from it, consequently making it drinkable. Desalination seems like a very smart option, the Pacific Ocean is right by California and is the largest body of water in the world. Most of the coast is not suitable for desalination plants to be built because of earthquake factors and other environmental issues such as sea levels rising (another results of climate change). Desalination is a relatively new technology however, and needs improvements to be made before it can become truly sustainable. Desalination is a process that produces over 3.5 billion gallons of fresh water a day.
Nyiragongo 's proximity to heavily populated areas increases its potential for causing a natural disaster. The 1977 eruption raised awareness of the unique dangers posed by Nyiragongo, and because of this it was designated a Decade Volcano, worthy of particular study, in 1991. About 147 people died in a 2002 eruption from asphyxiation by carbon dioxide and buildings collapsing due to the lava and earthquakes. At least 15% of Goma comprising 4,500 buildings were destroyed, leaving about 120,000 people homeless. The eruption was the most destructive effusive eruption in modern