The purpose of environmental justice is fair treatment for everyone. Everyone should have respect to environmental practice and regulations, regardless of the their nationality, income, religion, and ethnicity. “The environmental justice movement has the idea that poor people are more exposed to a greater pollution, hazards, and environmental degradation than richer people.” (Withgott & Laposata, 2012). For example, during 1989 Exxon Valdez, a disaster struck causing an oil tanker with 38-million gallons of oil to wreck at Prince William Sound’s Bligh Reef offshore of Alaska. The disaster caused much damage such as wiping out ocean life as result Exxon paid billions in fines for the crisis.
In 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil platform spit nearly five million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, making it the largest oil spill in history. The 1989 oil spill surpassed Exxon Valdez's oil spill in 1989 as the largest oil spill ever seen in US-controlled waters and the Ixtoc I oil spill of 1979 as the largest oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. On April 20, 2010, Deepwater Horizon, an ultra-deepwater offshore rig, exploded in the Gulf of Mexico about 41 miles off the coast of Louisiana, killing 11 riggers and injuring 17 others. The fire burned for 36 hours and the Macondo Prospect delivered about 4.9 million barrels of oil before being closed and sealed on 15 July almost three months later. The oil spill in the
Every year, in the United States alone, 565 million barrels or oil are extracted as a result of offshore drilling; totaling a startling amount of roughly 1.5 million barrels a day. Consequently, these threatening practices are negatively impacting marine mammals, sea birds, sea turtles, and fish. Although drilling offshore provides access to expensive resources such as oil, it heavily contributes to the extinction and endangerment of animals, and the disruption of marine ecosystems, thus these practices should be prohibited and viewed as unethical.
Texas is the largest state in the United States, and the only one to once be its own independent state, giving it the nickname “The Lone Star State.” It is bordered with Mexico, and lies next to the Gulf of Mexico. Since Texas is next to the gulf, it is home to many ports for international trade. However, with so much trade comes the risk of pollution to the gulf, which eventually reaches the shores of many beaches in Texas.
The manatee is a big sea mammal that is also known as the sea cow. The manatees weigh about 650 lbs and are nearly 8.5 ft. long on average. The West Indian manatee lives in the warm waters off the coast of Florida. The West Indian manatee was placed on the endangered species list in 2016, the manatee has recently been moved to the threatened list due to the many people gathering together and to help and save the manatees.
The environment of which one may consider as nature, their surroundings, or habitat, is critical to maintain in order for its components and future generations to meet their needs. In many cases, the environment can be argued as a scientific object as it is oftentimes observed based on the principles of the natural sciences. Therefore, the environment has scientific implications that affects its’ components, which further validates that it is a scientific object.
Oil is the fuel that makes the world turn, powering nearly everything in history from candles and lamps, to modern day vehicles and factories. Before the human race discovered its location in the ground during the mid-to-late 19th century, it was first harvested from whales. Prior to the eruption of the whaling industry during the 17th century, “Marine biologists estimate that there were as many as 4.5 million of the largest whales, plus millions more of the smaller whales, which includes their close relatives, the dolphins and porpoises” (Murphy 10). By the early 20th century, researchers expect that humans were killing over fifty-thousand whales a year, this staggering number brought many species near extinction (Home). Accurate estimates
Oil explorations and oil spills are posing serious threats to polar species, resulting in severe risks to both marine and terrestrial ecosystems and wildlife. Polar bears, the chief predators in the Arctic marine ecosystem, are affected by exposure to oil followed by oil spills. Even though oil pollution and the ratio of spills in the Arctic are on a low level at present, during 1993 to 2007, many oil spill incidents were reported, most of which were the consequences of extreme collisions, groundings, and sinking accidents, leading to long-term consequences to polar species, and even a chance of extinction for polar bears. While there are no tested and operative
History has recoded the horrific disasters worldwide. Disasters in history have always been heartbreaking and gut wrenching. No matter the magnitude of the disaster someone is afflicted negatively. Some disasters include environmental, weather and wars. Each of these phenomenon’s has left families broken, nations ruined and history wrongly changed. Because environmental, weather- related disasters and war have claimed the lives of many people, these events have had the greatest impact in history
The rate of oil spills has increased rapidly as humans become more reliant on oil as an energy source. In fact, there have been more than 50 mega-spills since 1970. One of the worst effects of oil spills is the immense impact on marine wildlife. Humans should reduce their oil usage because oil spills are harmful to marine mammals, dangerous to whales, destructive to aquatic birds, deadly to fish, and can be as disastrous as the Exxon Valdez oil spill.
August 29th, 2005, a category 5 hurricane made land fall along the United States Gulf Coast. Hurricane Katrina is considered to be one of the most destructive hurricanes the U.S. has ever incurred; displacing hundreds of thousands from their homes throughout Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Consequently the U.S. economy was greatly impacted from the desolation that Hurricane Katrina inflicted.
On April 20, 2010, the oil-drilling rig Deepwater Horizon exploded due to equipment failure and sank, spilling over 200 million gallons of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico in the course of three months. The BP oil spill was the worst environmental crisis America has ever faced, damaging coastal habitats, the environment and the economy.
The second effect is the high degree of risk undertaken by the seafarer in difficult tasks during the voyage. A fatigued seafarer usually selects strategies that have a high degree of risk on the basis that they require less effort to execute, which might subsequently lead to wrong decisions.
Ocean is one of the greatest gifts that the earth has and contains. Surprisingly the ocean covers 71 percent of the total area of earth itself. Inside the ocean itself lives billions of sea creature that support the earth ecosystem nowadays. Besides the entire ecosystem ocean has become one of the primary sources of water. When water reaches their life cycle it will end up in the ocean because water falls from the river to the ocean. Scientist believes that maintain clean water and preventing pollution from the ocean could expand and maintain the earth ecosystem. One major problem beside the pollution in the ocean is the spill of oil. Why it’s dangerous? Because oil is conclude as an inorganic substance, which cannot tolerate and bound to
Throughout our planet’s history, human rights have been violated countless times, and very little efforts have been made to address these violations and protect the people’s rights. When greed grips on to people, they seem to forget all that is ethical. They are willing to sacrifice the lives of others for their own personal gain. Human rights violations in Nigeria are a perfect example of this. Oil companies have failed to respond to numerous cases of human rights abuses in the region. Whenever there is an attempt of protest from the oppressed for oil company activities and environmental damage, Nigerian security forces have repeatedly beaten, detained and even killed people. The acts by oil companies continue to trouble the Niger Delta region to