Abstract The Deepwater Horizon Rig explosion that occurred on 20th April, 2010 resulted in approximately 4.9 million barrels of oil been released into the Gulf of Mexico for months and will go down in history as the biggest and most catastrophic oil spill to ever to occur. This research discusses the underlying issues that caused the explosion. The effect on the stakeholders, BP’s response to the crisis and the different approaches they could have taken before and after the accident. Introduction The tragic events that occurred on the 20th of April, 2010, the explosion onboard The Deepwater Horizon oil rig left 11 dead and many injured. Resulting in 4.9 million barrels of oil been released into the Gulf of Mexico.
Their were around 10 deaths because of this flu. Next are Man-made disasters. One of them was the El Virilla train accident. This tragettied occured on March 14 1926 when a train that was overcrowded with farmers and labourers derailed while crossing a bridge across the Virilla River Canyon, killing 248 and injuring 93. There have been many natural disasters in Costa Rica.
“In the BP Oil Spill, more than 200 million gallons of crude oil was pumped into the Gulf of Mexico for a total of 87 days, making it the biggest oil spill in U.S. history.” BP has killed thousands of marine wildlife do to the oil spill. “These guys here certainly will survive for a while. But the ones that can 't swim as fast, they 're called prey.” - Stanley D. Rice, U.S. witness. Biological diversity has estimated that the oil spill has killed around 82,000 birds, 6,165 sea turtles, and at least 25,900 marine mammals. These staggering numbers just keep on climbing.
In San Francisco on April 18, 1906 at about 5:13 am a HUGE earthquake hit recorded as a 7.7-7.9 . Damaging buildings from left to right. Many poorly structured buildings collapsed causing 500 million dollars in total damage (1906 money) translated to about 8.2 billion dollars today. It was recorded that most buildings immediately caught fire which trapped the victims, about 25,000 buildings were burnt down from the fire, a total of about 490 blocks.At around 8:14 a Major aftershock hit making even more damaged building collapse. The earthquake and fires in San Francisco were recorded to be the worst natural disaster in U.S. history.
FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI NUCLEAR DISASTER KARTHIK C 2016B3A10374H INTRODUCTION On 11th March 2011, following a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in Tohoku, a tsunami led to, supposedly, the worst energy accident since the Chernobyl disaster. Fukushima Daiichi nuclear
1815 Explosion In 1815, Mount Tambora famously erupted, with the explosion being a 7 on the volcanic explosivity index, which easily made it the highest rated eruption since Lake Taupo in 1815. It is estimated that the eruption produced 160 cubic kilometres of magma. It is also estimated that at least 11 000 – 12 000 people died as a result of the actual eruption, while the total death toll is around 71 000, most of whom died from the consequences of the eruption. The magnitude of the 1815 eruption caused the worst famine in the 19th century due to the death of most agriculture and livestock in the northern hemisphere. Subduction Zone The reason for the explosive events of Mount Tambora all comes down to the concept of plate tectonics.
Case study 1 earthquake:(LEDC) On September 19th 1985 Mexico city was struck with a deadly earthquake. This earthquake measured at a magnitude of 8.0 and killed about 25 thousand people 9.5 thousand official and the rest weren 't found, 30 thousand injured and many more left home less, about 3 thousand buildings where demolished and 100 thousand badly damaged. This event costed the Mexican government 3-4 billion dollars to repair and support their city and the government didn 't accept any help from foreign countries, the next day September 20 Mexico city was struck by an after shock and then the Mexican government announced that they would accept any food, heath care …. Nancy Reagan toured Mexico City with U.S. Ambassador of Mexico, John
Geologist Alexander Wright an archeologist died in September 2008 when a 12.6ft (3.8 meters) deep unsupported trial pit that he was working in alone caved in at a development site in Brimscombe Lane, near Stroud, Gloucestershire. The Judge in this case Mr. Justice Field stated that the company had committed a severe felony by grossly breaching its duty towards Mr. Wright. He further stated that the organization, which was depicted in court as in a parlous budgetary state, could pay the fine in 10 years at a rate of £38,500 per annum. He clarified that the fine denoted the gravity of the offense and the obstacle impact it would have on organizations to unequivocally comply to health and safety rules. Moreover he stated that because this company was operating on a small sector a larger fine would have made the company insolvent and it could ultimately lead to the redundancy of the four people presently working in the company.
Fatigue throughout the years of the maritime industry it already have faced problems about fatigue wherein it led to disasters, disasters and cathosthropic events that led to the loss of lives and oil spills that harmed the marine environment. One of these events is the famous Exxon Valdez, it spilled more than 11 million gallons of crude oil in Alaska’s Prince William
In 1998, Ecuador encountered one of the worst economic disasters they have ever experienced. An El Niño caused somewhere around 3 billion in damages. The El Niño destroyed Ecuador infrastructure, destroying a lot of their oil refineries. Up until today, Ecuador has been running well without too many troubles
In recent years there has been a big issue on fracking in Oklahoma. This is an issue that only continues to get worse. The oil company, , by residents has been blamed for many of these earthquakes. Within the past month, there have been more and more issues. In Edmond Oklahoma, there was a big earthquake, which provoked residents to sue the company for $28 million in damages.
It involves high-pressure injections of water and chemicals into rock formations, which in turn release natural gas (Thompson, “Hydraulic Fracturing Should Be Banned”). However, fracking can result in many negative outcomes. For instance, scientists who conducted the earthquake study for Geology discovered that not only did fracking cause the biggest earthquake in Oklahoma, but it also caused more earthquakes in states that hardly experienced any seismic activity (“Wastewater Injection Spurred Biggest Earthquake Yet, Says Study,” The Earth Institute Columbia University). In fact, quakes have hit so frequently in Oklahoma, that state and oil regulators decided to shut down five disposal wells due to the increasing number of earthquakes in a city named Cushing (“Oil Regulators Shut Down Two Disposal Wells After Earthquakes Near Cushing”, State Impact: NPR). If fracking is capable of causing temblors as powerful as a 5.7-magnitude, it may be capable of inducing other massive earthquakes in the future.