Brain-Based Learning Theory

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The teacher and the learner have distinct responsibilities in the classroom that adds to the desired success of the teaching and learning process. This will be proven by analysing the Brain-based Learning Theory supported by Jensen, The Social Learning Theory introduced by Vygotsky, Scaffolding introduced by Bruner and parts of the Theory of Second Language Acquisition proposed by Krashen. The concurrence between the principles of constructivism and the CAPS and constructivism linking with the lesson wheel will also be discussed. The Brain-based Learning Theory is based on the fact that the brain is “designed to learn in a natural accordance” (2008:4) and that the search for meaning is instinctive for the brain. Brain-based learning is about…show more content…
The CAPS aims to establish knowledge and skills, that learners acquire, that are meaningful. Constructivism supports that learners should be dependent on learning from meaningful sources because it will ensure their proficiency with certain knowledge (2016:61). The CAPS promotes a procedure of learning that is active as well as critical. Constructivism states that learning should be an active process where the self-determination of learners is motivated and the purpose of the learners taken into account (2016:33). The CAPS strives towards a classroom environment where learners are able to work as individuals as well as part of a team. Constructivism states that learners should participate in cooperative learning so that they can be able to learn from their More Knowledgeable Other (2016:61). The CAPS promotes the use of different communication methods in the classroom in order to teach efficiently. In addition, teachers should make use of visual, symbolic and language skills simultaneously. Constructivism promotes the use of technology in the classroom in order to support teaching (2016:98). By using technology, the teacher can ensure efficient communication in a visual and symbolic way. Constructivism also states that learning should happen through social interaction (2016:62). This aligns with the fact that the CAPS promote the use of language…show more content…
The lesson wheel is also focused on the learner by means of the SMART task that is formulated according to the ability and proficiency of the learners. In the process of planning a lesson with help of the lesson wheel, the learners’ strengths and weaknesses are taken into consideration. On account of learners constructing their own meaning of information, the information that they have to deal with should interest them. The pertinent question is the part of the lesson wheel that grasps the learners’ interest and therefore it is possible for them to construct meaning from the lesson. Vygotsky introduced the concept of the More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) (2016:61) and hence learners do not necessarily have to gain knowledge from the teacher. The lesson wheel allows the teacher to incorporate cooperative learning into a lesson through learner activities so that learners can get the chance to be actively involved in gaining knowledge and in this process learn from their MKO. According to constructivism, learners have to construct their knowledge from what they already know (2009:138). This is evident in the lesson wheel during the introduction phase where the planned lesson should be linked to the learners’ prior
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