Brain Drain In Zimbabwe

3091 Words13 Pages
Brain drain, in the local context, refers to the departure of Zimbabweans to go to other countries for a variety of reasons. Brain drain can occur in several forms: i) Primary external brain drain occurs when human resources leave their country (Zimbabwe) to go and work overseas in developed countries such as Europe, North America and Australia. ii) Secondary external brain drain occurs when human resources leave their country (Zimbabwe) to go and work elsewhere in their region e.g. South Africa, Botswana, Namibia etc. iii) Internal brain drain occurs when human resources are not employed in the fields of their expertise in their own country or when human resources move from the public sector to the private sector or within a sector e.g.…show more content…
Belman (2013) also pointed out that skill is key successful projects and also concluded that project failure is associated with the use of less experienced skilled labour. 2.1.2 Skilled Labour Shortage Barnow et al (2013) suggest that the term skilled labour shortage sometimes refers to a deficit in the number of workers in a labour force while at other times it refers to a mismatch between worker qualifications, experience and the jobs which are available. Singh and Goodman (2005) suggest that labour shortages occur in the construction industry when jobs remain vacant because there are insufficient numbers of workers willing to work at the offered wage or salary. Suleyman (2008) as cited by Alagwe et al (2013) pointed out that shortage of skilled labour is one of the major consequences of brain drain. The International Organization for Migration (2003) states that brain drain, which is the cross-border movement of highly skilled workers who leave their country of origin in order to maximize the return on their investment in education and training by moving in search of the highest paying or most rewarding employment results in skilled labour…show more content…
By studying many existing research studies many possible effects have been identified. In these studies many authors identified the main effect of brain drain as shortage of highly skilled labour in the construction industry. Chigara et al (2013) asserts that lack of highly skilled labour in Zimbabwe is due to the brain drain that occurred from 2000 to 2008. However Oyegoke et al (2009) study refers to the late 90’s recession as the brain drain which led to large shortages of highly skilled labour. They further affirm that this brain drain has affected construction project delivery. Faridi and El-Sayegh (2006) asserts that shortage of highly skilled labour is among the factors that contribute to construction delays and subsequent performance

More about Brain Drain In Zimbabwe

Open Document