Brain Gain Disadvantages

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Brain gain is a phenomenon that describes the process by which highly skilled people from all the different industrial sectors are moving from their country of origin to another one. The main reason behind this behavior is that in the country of destination there is a better working environment and better perspectives for the worker himself. Brain gain is for sure not a new phenomenon, in its literary term, it existed since humanity was build. People tend since ever to move to places were they can find better opportunities and better living conditions. With the rising industrialization of certain countries prevalent on others, this event has become more natural.
In migration research has dominated for a long time the approach of brain drain,
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The recruitment and exchanges of skilled workers is increasingly gaining importance for the economic development. Knowledge became the driving engine for economical growth. Therefore there is an internationally increasing demand for mobile, and well-qualified workers. The "classic immigration countries", such as the United States and Canada, have a higher degree of experience with the recruitment of well-trained and highly qualified migrants.
In Germany we can also observe a slowly draw shift in consciousness of this topic. The "Green Card" initiative has triggered an intense public debate. It became clear that our outdated "policy towards foreigners" should be replaced by a modern integration policy on immigration and domestics. The design for a new Immigration Act includes beside others new methods and ways for targeted and controlled immigration of skilled labor. (Hunger,
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The macroeconomic unemployment rate falls due to immigration, while it has risen in the past mainly because of above-average employment risks of people with an immigrant background. Favorable distributional effects arise: while in the past mainly had to bear the burden of adjustment of the low-skilled workers migrate, so now there are mainly better-skilled workers, whose labor market risks are low anyways. However, the negative labor market effects of migration continue to focus on the already migrants living in Germany. This is mainly due to the fact that migrants and local workers compete only imperfectly in the labor market even with the same qualifications and experience. The reasons for this can cause problems in language skills, other differences that affect the productivity of labor, but also labor market discrimination. Here lies one of the great challenges of the labor market and integration
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