This literature review analyzed the relationship between working memory and mindfulness through three different lenses. The first looked at the neurological changes within the brain, and research found that mindfulness meditation changes the physical structure and the gray matter concentration. Literature on the capacity of working memory was also evaluated and it can be concluded that mindfulness increases the capacity. Lastly, the reviewed literature highlighted the important mediating role of attention and how mindfulness increases attention capabilities, which helps improve working memory. The following studies have consistently found that practicing mindfulness has significant benefits on working memory (Mrazek et al., 2013; Jah & Stanely, 2010; Quach, Mano, & Alexander, 2015; Zeidan et al., 2010; Hölzel et al., 2010).
It is thought that the hippocampus works with the amygdala, which is another important part of the limbic system responsible for fear and for storing memories of events for future recognition. Thus both the hippocampus and the limbic system play essential roles in human memory. Experts believe the hippocampus may work as a gateway through which new memories pass to enter to the permanent long-term memory storage.5 It is generally agreed that the hippocampus also has part of the role of detecting new surroundings, occurrences and stimuli. Some scientists believe it is specifically involved in declarative memory (explicit memory), which is one of the two main types of memory into which long-term memory is divided, and consists of facts, events and performance skills that can be consciously recalled or declared. It has to do with information that can be explicitly stored and
Axons descend form the pyramidal cells to the spinal cord and it conveys nerve impulses from the motor cortex to innervate skeletal muscles on the opposite side of the body (Tortora, et al, 2011). For this reason the function of the pyramidal system is to transmit information to control movement associated with the performance of the fine motor skills (Magill, 2014). Klawans (1996, p.88) stated that “it tells the spinal cord neurons when to perform a specific movement and precisely what to do in order to carry out that task: take a step, lift the leg, and bend both the hip and the
The hippocampus is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates. The hippocampus is located in the medial temporal lobe of the brain. It belongs to the limbic system and plays important roles in the consolidation of information from short-term memory to long term memory and spatial navigation. Significant fractions of graft-derived cells also expressed beneficial neurotrophic factors such as the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, fibroblast growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor. This grafting counteracted the injury-induced reductions and abnormalities in neurogenesis by both maintaining a normal level of neural stem cell activity in the subgranular zone and providing protection to reelin+ interneurons in the dentate gyrus.
The text suggests that positive attitudes in treatment can cause the placebo effect. This shows a link between the mind and brain; the positive thoughts of the mind help express a change cellularly that causes the placebo effect. If the brain did not have this duality, why would biological influences effect our thoughts and feelings? Similarity, pharmaceuticals, illegal drugs, and alcohol can do damage to the brain, but also alter our behavior. It seems that you cannot effect the mind without in turn affecting the brain.
The human brain has developed to endure motivated cognition and behaviors that are critical to survival of one’s group. A study was done to determine if parochial altruism influences the brain biologically via oxytocin. Oxytocin is a hormone and neurotransmitter that is produced in the hypothalamus and released into the bloodstream where it does many things including the regulation of the autonomic nervous system. Oxytocin is found to be released into the blood stream when associating with close kin and triggers numerous receptors that the brain links with empathy, generosity and increases the tendency towards trust and cooperation.
Cerebellum is a complex structure of neurons located at the base of structure in the posterior fossa. It lies back to the occipital lobe of the brain and dorsal to the brainstem, at the level of the pons and the medulla. The cerebellum is separated from the brain stem by the fourth ventricle. It is also connected to the brainstem by three branches: 1. superior cerebellar branch 2. medial cerebellar branch 3. inferior cerebellar branch Cerebellum functions as the motor brain and it is important for many functions ex: maintenance of balance, to control the posture, gait stability, it also helps in the coordination of voluntary movement, and in the motor learning. So the cerebellum has been considered as the motor structure, it is also important
Pedro Kuzma Mr. Mangual IB Psychology 9 december 2015 Evaluate one theory of how emotion may affect one cognitive process Cognition can be defined as the set of mental abilities and processes we have that relate to our knowledge, attention, memory, reasoning and all of the processes that go on in our brain. It can be: conscious or unconscious, concrete or abstract and intuitive or conceptual. Cognition can also use the existing knowledge we have to generate new knowledge. The Cognitive level of analysis studies the processes of our mind and how our cognitive processes guide our behavior. Our emotions can have a huge impact on our cognition, and the Flashbulb Memory Theory by Brown and Kulik (1977) demonstrates that.
Neural Influences involves understanding that aggression is not solely formed in one particular area of the brain. Yet, researchers have identified several different parts of the brain involved in the production and control of aggressive behaviour, these included the hypothalamus and the amygdala. The hypothalamus is section of the brain, which helps form new memories, coordinates both the automatic nervous system and the activity of the pituitary. The amygdala is involved with experiencing
Given this information, it was believed that the hippocampus played a role in creating new memories. First, Kandel wanted to discover how the brain stores memories. He thought he could discover more about memory if he studied how nerve cells communicate with each other. Kandel then gathered slug neurons to allow the cells to communicate. The training resulted in synapses growing stronger and behavior becoming engraved.
This supplement works by increasing blood flow to the brain. This helps increase energy. It can also protect the brain cells from premature death. Unlike many other brain enhancers, this supplement will not cause you to experience Additionally, this product can stimulate the production of dopamine and serotonin. Are There Any Side Effects?
The mind and behavior join together when it comes to thinking. Our neurons are basic building blocks of the nervous system. We use these neurons to help our brain revive information and how they communicate with her brain is important. Our brain is like the engine of out body. It is in control of everything.