The purpose of this was to deconstruct the content into manageable segments. Fleischman starts by relating the events of the Gage’s accident and giving the reader a little background on pre-accident Phineas. Then, following through with his recovery, or perhaps lack thereof, from the accident to demonstrate the point the author is trying to make. In the next section, the author guides the reader through the schools of thought related to the brain at the time of Gage’s accident and a little of where Gage’s accident helped to lead the theories of brain science. In the third segment, the author follows up with what is known about Phineas’ life after the accident and to his death eleven years later.
Instead, they used a quipu. A quipu is a collection of colored strings that is believed to represent numbers. Another, intelligent advancements of the Inca are their knowledge of the human body. They could conduct human brain surgery and have a 90% survival rate. The Incas learned how to sterilize rooms and repair damaged head bones or brain damage.
1. Freud would explain the personality difference between Mike and Marty Scanlon using the psychoanalytic theory, a mapping the unconscious mind. Where he argued that most behavior is motivated or a result of the unconscious. This is the part of the personality which contains urges, drives, beliefs, feelings, memories, knowledge and instincts totally unaware of by the individual. Another explanation from Freud in terms of personality differences is that Mike had a fixation in the development of one of the five psychosexual stages namely the phallic stage which is the period beginning around age three where the pleasure of a child is focused on genitals and they unconsciously harbor sexual interest in their mother, sees their father as their rival and even wishes to kill him.
In Alan Turing’s paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence, he proposes a thought experiment that would eventually be tested, and even later be beaten. He describes an experiment where a man and a woman are in two different rooms and an outside observer has to guess at the sexes of the participants. He then suggests that one of the participants be replaced with a computer. Once humanity is unable to tell the difference and will guess that the computer is human at the same rate that it will guess that it is a machine will answer Turing’s thesis of, “Can machines think?’ (434). Turing himself unknown to him, created a great race to make a better and more complex artificial intelligence with this paper.
In the article, “Unnatural Selections” by Barry Schwartz, he explains how a “default” choice affects what choices we make. His use of wording and evidence evokes emotions to help persuade the reader to think a certain way about “default” choices. Schwartz uses an example about organ donors to show the reader how default choices affect us. He says, “More than 90 percent of Europeans are organ donors, while only about 25 percent of Americans are- even though most Americans approve of organ donation.”(10). He also states that the reason this happens is that the “default” choice here in America is to not be an organ donor and while in Europe, you are an organ donor unless you sign a form saying that you don’t want to be one.
In psychology the human brain is studied based on how an individual thinks, feels, and behaves. The documentary presented by History Channel profoundly covers different aspects such as, during sexual arousal, how evil people think, and how the navy tests new recruits on overcoming fear. Numerous information is presented in the documentary, “The brain is
Paul wants to help Melinda as she has been diagnosed with a brain tumor. As he discovers John Coffey's gift, he makes the moral decision to use John and his superior gift to help get rid of Melinda’s brain tumor. This act of kindness towards Melinda, shows a case of morality within Paul. It shows morality as Paul wants to help those around him at their worst times. The choices Paul makes are based on those around him, some decisions he makes put those he cares for before him.
Thomas Henry Huxley, an English biologist who was known for his Darwin’s Bulldog theory based on Charles Darwin’s evolution theory, once said, “ It is because the body is a machine that education is possible. Education is the formation of habits, a super-inducing of an artificial organization upon the natural organization of the body.” Huxley explains that because of our body, and how it works, humans have been able to find new studies. Huxley’s ideas are similarly seen in the book Stiff, by Mary Roach, which shows the readers that donating one's body involves more than just surgeons removing organs and throwing away a body. Roach shows that donating a body helps enhance further education, newer technology, and greater discoveries. Anatomical research started back in the eighteenth century, when science students could only conduct mock
The importance of birth order: Rhetorical analysis in, “The Power of Birth Order, by Jeffery Kluger.” The power of birth order can affect siblings as well as the house hold children grow up in. Kluger gives many examples throughout the article and how important the birth order is. The birth order also has effect on how children enter adulthood. Different studies to back up Kluger comes from studies in the Philippines, from Norwegian researchers, and a professional from the University of Redlines, in Redlines, California. Although Kluger states.” The holes in the theories, most are agreeable.” He states that, “The birth order effect, for all its seeming robustness is not indestructible.” Kluger, the author of the article, knows exactly who the
Cosmetic surgery or plastic surgery is defined as a form of medicine focused on making enhancements to the body. It is intended to correct flawed areas on the body and is restoring in its nature. This type of surgery can be performed on the head, body, and neck. During a study, performed by Dr. Jane Weston and Anne Pearl, they found out high school junior’s opinions on cosmetic surgery. According to Attitudes of Adolescents About Cosmetic Surgery, “A survey of the junior class of a California suburban high school showed that one-third of respondents would consider undergoing cosmetic surgery.” Cosmetic surgery, in the U.S., is known to have a negative connotation, because one would consider you “fake” or not true to yourself.