Secondary brain tumors originate in other parts of the body and spread to the brain. Usually malignant tumors become secondary tumors which form when cancer spreads from other parts of the body. Symptoms and Diagnosis: The symptoms of brain tumor are seizures, vomiting, headaches, nausea, issues related to vision or hearing, etc. These are the usual symptoms. However there are certain symptoms that are specific to the location of the tumor: pressure near the location of the tumor, problems in performing
Radiation therapy may also be the first option if surgery is not possible. There are two main methods used in radiation therapy: Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) and Stereotactic radiation therapy. The IMRT method is usually used with tumors that cannot easily be reached with surgery and are located near highly important locations in the brain. The radiation delivery system
Cerebral edema is a life threatening homeostatic imbalance that may be caused by many things and can be treated if the diagnosis, recognition and management is timely. (ScienceDirect: Cerebral Edema) There are three categories of cerebral edema: vasogenic, cytotoxic and interstitial. Vasogenic edema happens when there is increased permeability of the blood brain barrier. Some of the most common vasogenic causes of edema include: brain tumors/abscesses, lead toxicity, stroke, diabetic ketoacidosis and hypercapnia. Cytotoxic edema is most commonly characterized by the swelling of neurons, glia and constriction of extracellular space.
Also, gene editing can get rid of conditions in unborn children. A breakthrough gene editing tool, CRISPR, is allowing researchers to be more and more accurate when modifying genes. This new technology allows researchers to begin to edit embryos and edit the genes that will lead to illness and disease. Preexisting conditions such as hemophilia, thalassemia, Tay-Sachs disease, spinal muscular atrophy, and Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy can all be treated by gene therapy. Tay-Sachs disease and spinal muscular atrophy both affect the brain and spinal nerves and neurons.
Imaging tests. Imaging tests used to analyze Hodgkin 's lymphoma incorporate X-beam, electronic tomography (CT) sweep and positron discharge tomography (PET). Surgery to evacuate a swollen lymph hub. Minor surgery might be done to evacuate all or part of an expanded lymph hub for testing. The lymph hub is sent to a research facility for testing.
Through studying MS, researchers are finding ways to better protect our Myelin against attacks such as through a process called remyelination. Recent studies have led many scientists to believe that CD8+ T cells, whose job is to protect good cells and kill dangerous ones, play a role in the myelin damage. However, more research is needed to learn more about MS and what causes it. Not all studies agree that DD8+ cells cause the attacks, but instead some think that they tone down the attacks. Overall, there is many answers for scientists to find.
But researchers are looking for information to understand what leads the DNA to cause the plasma cell to become cancerous. 2. Several studies show that it’s hard to know why Multiple Myeloma develops in certain people therefore it’s hard to know how to prevent it. C. The current first line treatment options available for Multiple Myeloma are chemotherapy drugs known as Velcade, Revlimid, Thalomid, Pomalyst and Kyprolis. 1.These medications can cause the cancer to go into what is known as remission basically the cancer becomes undetectable in the blood.
Improvement or Deterioration In modern society many doctors and scientists have distinct thoughts about the many cancer treatments that they believe will defeat the disease. Some scientists and doctors question whether or not the new advanced treatments in the medical field actually benefit cancer patients. There are many new treatments being made in the cancer medical field which include infection, surgery, and new combinations of medicine. In Emily Eakin’s article, “Bacteria on the Brain”, she explores Paul Muizelaar’s treatment of infecting cancer causing brain tumors with Enterobacter Aerogenes to lessen the tumor. Terri Bradley and Patrick Egan were two of Muizelaar’s patients who went through the treatment.
Laparoscopic CRC Surgery Advanced variety of tools and treatment options are available to cure colorectal cancer, or at least enable CRC patients to cope with its complications and improve their life quality.1 Depending on the CRC stage, the patient situation, and the oncologist experience, the treatment choice is determined.1 Oncologists prefer surgical options with the premature CRC stages.1 Surgery is also preferred with metastasis unless the cancer has metastasized to more than one position of the body.2 Surgical options comprise laparoscopic surgery, robotic surgery and open surgery.3 Laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery are highly advanced and the preferable ones since they are associated with minimal rates of morbidity and mortality.3,4
Today there are several ways to the tested for the disease, MRI scan would show signs in the brain, a DNA test is available to patients to check their CAG count, CT scan would show brain loss in later onset, these are just a few examples. He also explains, “The diagnosis of HD was usually based on family history and the appearance of motor (i.e., choreic) symptoms. However, cognitive impairment, motor symptoms, and behavioral and emotional changes differ in time of onset and severity,” this shows us that even though each patient may experience different onset signs and times of developing onset of the disorder, they all experience some or most of these symptoms at some point in time (Brandt). Per an article on MedlinePlus, Huntington’s Disease, parents pass the gene to their children, “If one of your parents has Huntington disease, you have a 50% chance of getting the gene. If you get the gene from your parents, you can pass it on to your children,