Benin was known for brass casting and the smelting of copper and zinc which had been ongoing in west Africa since 600 BC by the Nok Kingdom, Yoruba, Benin Kingdom and Mande people who later formed the Mali Empire. Mostly, the artists of the Empire of Benin utilized bronze, coral and ivory for their artistic creations and would often depict historical
Gold and salt were highly requested resources of income,that were traded for things like cloth,textiles,and other products,Koumbi Saleh was the main trade center. Ghana’s Kingdom was said to have been started when several groups of Soninke people,a West African ethnic group, came together while they were under the rulership of a King Dinga Cisse. Ghana lacked most natural resources aside from gold and salt, also they were good at being able to create things from iron. Iron was used to make iron tipped spears for warriors,which helped in battle while fighting against weapons of stone,wood,and even wood.Trade in Ghana became faster and bigger with the help of the camel,which also became a main transport. Ghana’s tax system was forced by the king who had made it where exporters and importers percentage free through
From the 1870’s to 1900’s, Britain had one of the largest and most powerful armies in the world. With that sort of potential, it would’ve been a mistake not to colonize Africa. Taking control of the tip of Africa was extremely strategic of Britain, as from there they could control the trading routes and begin settling for future invasions and in the end, colonization. Also, the new Capitalist society forming because of Britain’s industrial revolution developed social problems many obvious social problems. The gap between the rich and the poor was larger than ever, and homelessness was on the rise as cities became extremely dense and overpopulated.
Rulers want beautiful objects to celebrate their high position. Potters, weavers, blacksmiths, leather workers, and others were often highly skilled. West Africa is very beautiful. Benin makes really nice things for the king. Metal workers weld brass and use it in copper that has been mined.
Among other uses, the tiger or the tiger stripe (babri) was used as decoration on his throne; on the uniforms of his soldiers; and on his coins, flags and arms. The symbolic meaning of Tipu’s Tiger was the emblematical triumph over the British. Therefore by killing tigers the British were also symbolically staging the defeat of Tipu Sultan and other Indian rulers who dared to get in the way of Britain’s imperial conquest of India. Tigers also represented for the British all that was wild and untamed in the Indian natural world. Thus, the curious late Victorian and Edwardian spectacle of British royals and other dignitaries being photographed standing aside dead tiger carcasses depicted the staging successful conquests of Indian nature by “virile imperialists”.
Political leaders often wanted to demonstrate their power and so they would have symbolic statues built from valuable commodities. A good example is a very powerful and successful “Asunte kingdom (after AD1600) in modern day Ghana was symbolically vested in the Golden Stool which became an emblem of the polity” . Often kings and elites were buried with valuable items, such as the Igbo Ukwu and the Benin bronzes which were used to pay respect to deceased kings and also to depict their power. The famous golden rhino that was found in a burial site in Mapungubwe along with gold beads and numerous wound wire bracelets were also used to represent elite rulers . In conclusion mining and metallurgy did indeed play an important role in the pre-industrial sub-Saharan African society as it was in almost every aspect of their society.
Peer pressure is the influence of one 's peers on another to do something good or bad. George Orwell was a British police officer in Burma, and Britain was still practicing Imperialism in this country. The foreign British in this country were not welcomed by the locals. When an Elephant goes into must in the middle of town, and starts tearing stuff up, the locals turn the Only British officer around. George Orwell is the only police officer who can do anything about the beast destroying the town.
Nigeria’s diverse past traditions provide many culture ideas(Gall, Hobby, “nigeria”). Since Europeans went to Africa to sign so-called peace treaties, as a result this caused imperialism. Nigerians have a long history of music, traditional dancing, visual art, and oral literature. Modern drama, opera, cinema, films, and written literature build on Nigeria 's cultural heritage(Gall, Hobby, “nigeria”). “Africa has great mineral wealth, including huge deposits of copper, diamonds, gold, and petroleum.
It was built on the trading merchandises such as ivory carving. The Portuguese 's admiration of Benin arts encouraged the growth of the production of ivory carvings that were made for European market. Manillas were used as a currency for exchanging goods between Portuguese and Benin. Manillas were melted and reused in brass sculptures which were exclusively made for the royalty. Trading proves that there was a good relationship between Benin and Europeans at that time.
This Atlantic World System (AWS) emerged when Europeans first came into contact with Africa and the civilizations present within it. As Henry Gates Jr. describes, these African civilizations desired to trade with Europeans, who wanted slave in return for their products. These civilizations already contained a prosperous slave trade, so they allowed Europeans to buy slaves from them(Gates, Africa’s Great Civilizations). Europeans then used these slaves to create a massively profitable system, the AWS. This system globalized, and soon the entire world was dependent on its products and success.