“Construction of a patriarchal ideology unable to deal with the threat of sexual differences as it is embodied in the images of the feminine as archaic mother and is seen as the castrated mother.” (Creed, 1993, p.22) Kristeva suggests that the notion of the castrated women is to ease mans fear of woman, who has the power to psychologically and physically castrate him. The archaic mother as the monstrous womb and the castrating mother can be used as a way of understanding the work of Mona Hatoum and AIne Phillips, both
In the past, women were radicalized, seen as having no choice, and viewed as sexual objects that are easy to take advantage of by men, as Sobel states, “[being] catcalled, insulted, propositioned for prostitution and even pressured to perform sexual acts for money [in front of these men], physically assaulted and sometimes even raped by people associated with the clubs” (Sobel, AR4). And for these women, and others, who have ever danced erotically, they know that they have a stupendous and immense amount of power over the audience, and or person they are dancing for. As one participant explains, “Magenta: 'When you see when you see all these men staring at you like mesmerised and you just think 'yeah, I'm doing that to you, I make you feel like that'. It makes you feel good about yourself and like strong. Like you have this power over them and they want you, but they can't touch you or like or like do anything except watch!’” (Byrne, 2010).
Zenia, the femme fatale, psychologically controls everyone including her ex best friends and their spouse/boyfriend. She is simultaneously dominating her friends by being sexually engaged with their men, a treacherous form of manipulation. Critics have praised this work of modern literature who appeals to both acitivts and readers by informing them that “the feminism to be read in Atwood 's novels is not the feminism to be discovered in feminist textbooks." (Tolan 1). Even though Zenia is constantly being referred to as a sex symbol, she does not let herself be degraded, abused or exploited by anyone.
It encourages violence as opposed and oppression as opposed to the equality that the feminist movement intended. IV. How the Current State of the Market Encouraged Taylor Swift’s Feel-Good Feminism Selling sex to selling activism as a strategy Taylor Swift wasn’t always the ‘feminist’ that she claims to be, before her ‘empowering’ award speeches and squads, the young icon said in an interview that she does not want to be called a feminist. Marketplace feminism, based on Zeisler’s book, We Were Feminists Once, is a form of “branding feminism as an identity that anyone can and could consume.” The boom of feminism in pop culture led Taylor Swift and many artists went with the ‘trend’ that is feminism. Yet, majority fail to discuss sensitive issues that the media might think will not go well the audiences.
The most common form of reality control present in both The Handmaid’s Tale and Nineteen Eighty-Four is the elimination of privacy. The extent of the government’s use of reality control over the handmaids alone completely affects their abilities to act on their own impulses and think for themselves because they are forbidden from forming relationships with other people in society. It also makes them extremely suspicious of not only each other, but everything around them. In Gilead, the women function as lower class citizens while “the males in Gilead serve mostly paramilitary functions: lower echelon guards called Angels and an elite corps called guardians who frequently double as spies or Eyes” as stated by Elisabeth Hansot in her journal article entitled “Selves, Survival and Resistance in The Handmaid’s Tale” (Hansot 57). The complex social system the government creates involves a sort of hierarchy where each individual has a specific duty in society.
We see the feminist theory in the documentary when the managers or supervisors sexually abuse of their workers. They take the advantage of them being stronger and being in a higher position to manipulate their workers. So, they force them to have sex and afterward they laugh at them because they won’t listen to them and won’t believe them. Which in some of the cases they believe it and don’t report it at the moment and when they report it to the police and to the company it’s too hard to get evidence. Like in the case of one of the janitors, she reported what happened to her too
Huxley uses this to criticize the ridiculousness in the standard of which people are held in society; both men and women are judged on their physical beauty and, in some instances, are labeled of their worth due to their appearance and its perception by society. The novels examples of Linda being ridiculed on her “hideous” appearance further serves to shed light on the sexist nature of the role of women being judged and men being the judges in western society. Moreover, the fact that “nobody had the smallest desire to see Linda” after her traumatizing experience with Tomakin which left her in bed rest, is set to apply a satirical comment on how after a woman has “lost her youth” she is seen as no longer useful to society (Huxley 153). Huxley uses these instances to comment on the underlying sexism seen in literature and gender roles of society which force women to strive to only obtain physical beauty for the sake of being “useful”; in contrast, this sexism usually consists of labeling men for being
Huxley puts this in the book to show that history is known to repeat itself. Throughout history there has been numerous times where woman do the simple lowly jobs and sometimes do not work at all, but must please men. An example very similar to Brave New World is war between different groups of the past such as Mesopotamia and Babylon. The victor of the two groups would raid the towns, burn everything to the grown and the reward to the soldiers was the woman to do as they pleased. The men would use them for the sexual gratification against their will.
The way to achieve this, is with the previously stated laws and bans that only deprived people from their liberties. Even the simplest things, like make-up, were prohibited, leading to an extremist government, where men were clearly superior. However, this class difference existed even between women, like the merciless Aunts and the useless unwomen. The Handmaid’s where only tools for having babies and future soldiers for the war as is expressed in the quote ““cradle[s] of life, made of bones; and within, hazards, warped proteins, bad crystals jagged as glass” and “shock troops … [who will] march out in advance, into dangerous territory” – a kind of baby-machine who will produce soldiers to fight for the country.” (Atwood, 194). In the end all the methods used to protect women only reinforced the discrimination, and Handmaids are depicted as baby machines.
She has to follow Serena’s step by step procedure, however she also needs to listen to the laws that were made by the government. As a lower class citizen she will be severely punished, since her only job is to be a tool for sexual reproduction. Offred cannot turn her back once she is told to do something because she is part of the lower rank in Gilead. Serena’s idleness leads to her abusing her power to get what she wants.This connects back to theme because Serena joy could have told Nick herself to have sexual activities with Offred, but instead tells Offred. Furthermore, Offred does not act defensively due to her submissive personality, which allows people with power to harm her.