Brazil Court System

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Brazil uses a presidential form of government. The elected president of the Republic of Brazil becomes the head of State and the government. He is responsible for appointing his cabinet and aids without the approval of the National Congress. Assisted by the Vice-President, he or she has powers to conclude agreements and treaties, enact or promulgate national laws, and declare a state of emergency. Entirely, Brazil is a democratic republic, based on the representative democracy that is made effective by the multiparty system. Through the Political Parties, the Brazilians vote for their representatives in the Executive and Legislature in every two years while the national and municipality elections are held after every four years.
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The Judiciary is divided into two main categories as the ordinary and specialized courts. The specialized courts serve the Federal government in controlling special practices that directly affect the government’s operations. They include the Military, Labor, and Electoral Courts. On the other and, the ordinary courts serves both the respective States and the Federal government. Primarily, the Municipal or State Courts deal with criminal, commercial, and civil cases within the States Districts for the first time. The decisions can, however, be appealed to a Federal Court or the Supreme Federal Court. The Brazilian Judicial Executive and Political interference contribute to the economic performance. Since independence, Brazil has been operating on a capitalist form of political economy. However, the economic strategy is influenced by the vast interventionism that invokes statist form of capitalism. In this view, the State takes the legitimate role of directing the economy through the State-owned premises or economic…show more content…
Since then, the State is divided into regions and municipalities. The municipalities are formed from merging several communities. Every municipality is ran by an elected Mayor who runs the office for a five years term. On the other hand, the regions are administered by a governor with the assistance of a regional council. Further, the regions are subdivided into regional units which are run by the vice-regional governor, all of whom are reelected after five years. Elections are executed through proportional representation systems in which citizens from all the 56 constituencies cast their ballots on the basis of an individual candidate or a party. The party with more votes is awarded a 50-seat premium, a figure that is filled by the candidates belonging to the loosing parties.
The Judicial system in Greece is constitutional and comprises of the civil justice, penal justice, and the administrative justice. The civil justice courts are responsible for handling criminal, civil, and commercial cases at all levels of the administration and includes the court of appeal. The penal justice courts deal with cases of felony, misdemeanors, and infringements. In case a issue requires further intervention, the administrative courts are used for appeals by acting as the supreme administrative courts. The special court is the supreme special court which acts only under
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