Breakbone Fever Case Study

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 INTRODUCTION

Dengue whish also known as breakbone, or dandy fever is an acute, mosquito-borne fever that is incapaciting but rarely caused fatal. This disease is also characterized by extreme pain in and stiffness of the joints hence the name ‘breakbone fever’. The most severe form called dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), which is characterized by hemorhaging blood vessels thus bleeding from the nose, mouth and internal tissues. May causing ausually fatal condition known as dengue shock syndrome due to blood vessel collapse if untreated (Kara Rogers, 2011).

The first record that represent human cases of dengue were around A.D 992 in China with symptoms of fever, rash, eye pain, arthralgia and hemmorhage (John L. Capinera, 2008). The dengue term were originated from Swahili for a kind of cramp plague or evil spirit, ‘denga’ or ‘dinga’ (Bruce R. Guerdan, 2010). This emerging public problem is maintained by the indigenous Aedes albopictus and the naturalized Aedes aegypti.

Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae), The Asian tiger mosquito or forest mosquito is an aggressive, strongly anthropophilic (preferring human beings to other animals), exophagic (mainly bite outdoors) and exophilic (tends to inhabit or rest in outdoor areas mosquito) (Yiji Li et.al, 2001). Aedes aegypti is believed came from the forests of tropical Africa to Malaysia via ships to our ports and spread along the coast by barter boats and by other means of transport for the

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