Breastfeeding Literature Review

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Literature Review

The Importance and Impact of Proper Health and Maternal Nutritional Status along with Breastfeeding on the Survival of Infants and Children:
In the past two decades, child mortality has decreased substantially; however, around seven million children under the age of five years still die on a yearly basis. Most of these deaths are from preventable causes. Out of the seven million deaths it is estimated that newborns alone constitute almost half of it. Efforts in reducing neonatal mortality rates have been made and one of the most important factors is having immediate breastfeeding, which is defined as putting the baby to the mother’s breast within an hour after birth in order to help lower mortality.
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No other liquids or solids are given – not even water – with the exception of oral rehydration solution, or drops/syrups of vitamins, minerals or medicines.” 2

Exclusive breastfeeding has many benefits some of which are the reducing infant mortality rates due to common childhood illnesses such as diarrhea or pneumonia, and the promotion of quicker recovery during illness. These effects can be measured in resource-poor and affluent societies. 3

Practicing early and exclusive breastfeeding helps children survive. It also supports proper brain development, improves cognitive performance and is associated with better educational achievement at five years of age. Breastfeeding is the basis of proper nutrition and protection against diseases. Breastfeeding allows all children to thrive and develop to their full potential. Yet, less than fifty percent of newborns benefit from early breastfeeding and unfortunately even fewer are exclusively breastfed during the first six
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encouragement, and most importantly with the suitable.practice and assistance to solve any problems. Studies have proved that early skin to skin contact between mothers and babies,.frequent and unrestricted.breast feeding to ensure continued production of milk and help with positioning.and attaching the baby increase the chances of breast feeding being successful. In addition to that, breastfeeding.also has a positive outcome on maternal health. In the short term, it postpones the return to fertility and in the long term, it reduces diabetes mellitus type.II and breast, uterine and ovarian cancer.

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