Sources suggest that people whose applications for asylum are rejected by a country are likely to try to entry that country illegally (huddles masses). The major segments of people crossing international borders illegally include people looking for better employment opportunities, people fleeing war or persecution in their home country, etc. An increase in social problems can be observed with the increase in the number of irregular migrants in most countries, e.g. an increase in the crime rate, burden on infrastructure and housing, government welfare, etc. (Impact of irregular migration).
The attitude of the host countries and the causes that lead to migration are some of the major factors that affect the life of migrants in the host country. In the age of globalisation, there is less physical dislocation than mental dislocation. Even though migrants face external problems like discrimination, assimilation, cultural changes, adaptation, struggle for survival, and identity crisis, their own inner problems like loneliness
Moulier Boutang 2002; Papadopoulos and Tsianos 2013). The notion underscores migrants’ role as agents, without denying the objective severity of their conditions. The individual and collective practices, the desires, the expectations, and the behaviours of the migrants themselves are put into the focus of analysis (Karakayalı and Tsianos 2005; Mezzadra 2011). In this way it becomes possible to look at the activities of migrants and of control agencies as two mutually dependent forces (Müller 2010). Autonomy is understood not as a complete independence or self-determination but rather as the initiation of a conflictive relationship between migrants and the attempts of their control (Scheel 2015).
According to Zolberg, there are two international migration theories. The first one is micro-analytic theory. This perspective approaches to international migration from classical economic view. According to the theories driven by this perspective, wage differentiates between sending and receiving countries are the major reasons for people to migrate. However, by looking at the discussions as we do above like historical ties, state intervention etc.
But that has caused tensions, especially in France, where squalid, makeshift Roma camps have been torn down by police. The crisis has caused major disruption to road and rail travel between Austria and its neighbours. Crowds of migrants have gathered at Vienna's main stations, waiting for trains to take them north. The failure to handle the current migrant influx marks the consequences of years of social policies that have left Europe less democratic, more politically and economically polarized, and cynically fearful of outsiders. The Greek financial crisis revealed the cannibalization of democracy by market forces; the migration crisis reveals the fallout of neoliberal trade and development schemes, along with militarism, beyond Europe’s borders.
One of the effects of being an illegal migrant is that with less education, there are less opportunities of working for higher ranks than the ones they were working in Mexico but their dreams are of a better life if not for them but for their families. Mexican insecurity can cause a big problem to migrants this type of insecurity relates much to them because they are the ones that get to sell drugs because of the need of an income and they usually make everything to survive one more day. The government usually helps the migrants when they have papers but when they don’t they deport them or they get them in jail, it is very easy for an illegal migrant to get in trouble with the law because they get along with bad people therefore that is why they are many risks for migrants once they leave their original
Contemporary studies have shown that the more rapidly a population increases, the higher the desire of people to change from one environment to the other. In modern times however, migrations are “migrations of labour, not of people” (Amin, 1995). Thus, migrants in the modern day sense, simply
Moreover, according to the political debate, migrants may fleeing from their countries because of the some reasons. For example, they may be choose to leave his or her homeland or countries to earn more money, to be with family members who also migrated, to settle down with their spouse who lives in another country and most of them were migrated for the sake of the job in another country that supply many jobs for people. Besides that, there were also some of the migrants are fleeing because of the conflict, unstable political administration and war in their home country. Another reasons, migrants were force to fleeing from their home land because of the natural disaster (Dara Lind, 2015). Some European countries were changed their policies related to the immigrants and refugees because head of the United Nations refugee agency was urged Europe to take action related to the migrants issues.
In addition to wages incentive and demand of less skilled labors in neighboring countries act as a pull factors for the migrants. However, human trafficking always starts from migration status. Human smuggling and human trafficking are under the sub category of illegal migration. Some analysts have argued that both are different in terms of definition, “smuggled migrants are also exposed to abuse and exploitation either while being transported or on arrival- thus confusing attempts to paint neat lines between smuggling and trafficking ” (Laczko, 2002). Human trafficking has been regarded as a form of human smuggling and a type of illegal –
Many migrants cannot speak fluent English even when living in USA as they live in closed communities consisting of other illegal migrants. In some extreme cases, this will arise tension between the local residents and the illegal migrants which results in crime and violence. In addition, Mexico is a country associated with drug related crimes. This issue leads to suspicions that Mexican migrants are smuggling drugs into the USA hence increasing the crime rate. With so many young men leaving Mexico, there has been a rapid decrease in Mexico’s work force.