Brexit And The Migration Crisis

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“‘Brexit’ and the ‘migration crisis’ are just the most recent examples of migrants being presented as a threat.’” Discuss with reference to securitisation literature.
For the most part, migrants are no longer viewed in a positive light by society; rather, they are seen to pose a threat to the British way of life. Indeed, this is borne out by a recent International Organisation for Migration (IOM) study that found the majority of adults in all northern European countries – with the exception of the United Kingdom – would like to see an increase in levels of immigration or, at the very least, for them to remain consistent. This is due in no small part to the development of contemporary political phenomena, such as ‘Brexit’ and the ‘migration
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According to Castles (2007), international migration is defined as “a social phenomenon that crosses national borders and affects two or more nation-states” (Castles, 2007: 351). In practical terms, therefore, it relates to the movement of people from one country to another. Although the process of migration is relatively straightforward to define, the criteria that is used to determine whether someone is classified as a migrant is somewhat less so. Bridget Anderson asserts that “the question of who is the migrant requires an examination of the vexed question of the relation between immigration controls, racism and the ideas of auchtochtony and belonging” (Anderson, 2013: 29). Thus, it is clear that a number of factors are at play in relation to deciding who is counted as a migrant and who is not. For example, Anderson (2013) points to the length of their stay and their right to abode as just two key determinant factors. Not only are migrants, therefore, merely governed by laws but they are also constructed by…show more content…
In general, those who travel over are of a working age and therefore able to pay taxes, which will contribute to economic growth. They also bring with them a raft of knowledge and skills that may be needed in the labour market. On the other hand, one of the main reasons why migrants are being presented as a threat is due to their assimilation with criminality and terrorism. More often than not, migrants are talked about in terms of being illegal, meaning they have entered a country without having met the criteria to do so legally. Indeed, a recent study – in relation to newspapers’ language of migration – conducted by the University of Oxford found that “illegal was the most common modifier of ‘immigrants’ throughout the 43 million word corpus” (University of Oxford, 2013) they read. The word ‘illegal’ has damning connotations and, thus, brings into question the security of allowing them to reside in the

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