Bribery: Poverty And Corruption In Africa

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Bribery is “the act of taking or receiving something with the intention of influencing the recipient in some way favourable to the party providing the bribe.” Therefore, in any respect, bribing is illegal. It is the responsibility of authorities of state to punish the people taking part in bribing and similar crimes. However, if the authorities of state are themselves involved in such criminal acts, who will be responsible for punishing and maintaining order in a given nation? No one. Corruption is the most neglected human rights violation of our time. It fuels injustice, inequality and depravation, and is a major catalyst for migration and terrorism. In the African continent, corruption robs nations of their resources and potential output,…show more content…
In Kenya, motoring offences necessitate paying bail and turning up at court. The authorities of state - the police - use this to their advantage and take bribes from all sects of the society. Therefore, in Kenya and nations alike, the police has a lot of leverage. Pay a few thousand Kenyan shillings now and you won’t need to go to court. In Liberia, a study noted that 7 out of 10 people had to pay bribes to access basic healthcare and schooling amenities. This type of corruption is widespread across the continent, and leads to larger types of corruption which leaves the rich annoyed, but the poor even poorer and dismayed. So, in these African nations, getting a place at a good school, getting permission to build on land you own, starting a business all require paying different people off. Even though it is source of income for the people at the receiving end of these bribes, the nation as a whole suffers, as the amount of taxes received by the government goes down proportionally. Hence, government spendings also get cut down which limits the growth of a…show more content…
The susceptibility of the poor to pay these bribes is twice as much as that of the rich, which is primarily because the poor feel powerless against the corrupt officials. "When coming into contact with the police, more than a quarter of people told us that they needed to bribe either to get assistance from the officer, or to avoid a problem like passing a checkpoint or avoid a fine or arrest, which is further evidence that graft is undermining the rule of law and allows people to get away unpunished for their crimes," says Pring. Thus, as a result of corruption, aside from the economic impacts, there are many criminal activities which go unnoticed, or rather unreported - increasing the security risks in the

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