The literary genre, Chic-lit, originated in the mid-nineties. By the end of the decade the now well established genre followed a clear narrative style that incorporated a vast dynamic of “chic-lit attributes”. These attributes have been accredited to the success of chic-lit, through there said ‘reproduction of a young contemporary women’s life’ in the twentieth century. However, we know that there is a massive dynamic of cultures, races, religions and sexual orientations that fall within the category of ‘the young contemporary women’. Therefor through the analysis of two different chic-lit novels, Bridget Jone’s Diary and The Madams, I will attempt to answer the question of whether or not chic lit is representative of the discourse of feminism.
As recounted by a butch author, “Straight people call me sir and faggots cruise me.” Masculine women are more likely to be noticed by the outside community than feminine women, because it goes against traditional gender stereotypes in mainstream culture. Considered a betrayal of gender identity: the true lesbian is butch, aggressive, and masculine. Butch lesbians are noteworthy, because in some ways, it is destroying and bolstering heteronormativity. Butch lesbian “stick out like G.I. Joes in Barbie Land” due to gender expression and easily identifiable sexuality at the time.
However, he reinforced the fact that this is not ok with customers by stating this example, “If a worker is on their lunch break and see that a customer is in need of a refill, the worker is required to refill the customer’s drink.” Daniel also clearly stated the fact that workers are to be on time, positive, and in dress code every day. As described in the book it is very important to dress appropriately and accordingly. Due to the fact that Chick-Fil-A is a fast-food restaurant, a casual dress in conjunction with the official company shirt is acceptable and required. If a worker is expected to be late or leave work early they must have someone to cover their shift. Workers are also expected to be well groomed with minimal facial hair.
As comics have evolved, the female superheroes have been written to become solid characters independent of their male counterparts. However, despite this progression, women in comics continue to be illustrated as sexy, voluptuous, and alluring. They demonstrate strength and independence, but for the male reader, mostly sexual appeal. “If anything, the comics of today are more blatantly sexist and provocative than ever. For every positive female role model, two negative ones can be found” (Lavin 97).
Though we can see that the book is not a type of an allegory, and each of the character is able to represent as simply a character, there are still some ideas and things that can be gained by observing at each character as the representatives if their bigger group. Lennie’s character in the story is a symbol of the "wise fool," someone who is mentally handicapped or inferior but who can show the best and the worst to other people. His foolishness makes him always to speak honestly about the truth in the situations where others won’t and he can sometimes do tings where the normal beings are not able to do. Lennie is also the symbolic character of some people who are being treated badly and discriminated because of their mental problems. Curley’s wife’s character is a symbolic of Eve , which the female character in the ancient story brings out what is sin and death to the universe.
Movies like Kill Bill and Charlie’s Angels exemplify this type of stereotyping. She played a sort of female Asian warrior in both of these films. In Charlie’s Angels she was basically white washed so that she would seem more American rather than Asian, and in Kill Bill she represented the dragon lady stereotype. The whitewashing of her character shows how Asian culture is still rejected in western culture today. These are stereotypes that directors and producers have come up with because it’s how they see Asian Americans and how they should be depicted in movies and TV
The reason these stereotypes are less obvious than they are in some other films is because each characters portrays multiple stereotypes and different times throughout the film. This creates more dynamic, relatable characters but these characters still have not escaped the common controlling images for black women and men. Dina is the most stereotyped character in this movie. Of all the characters in Girl’s Trip
“As if!” there are still stereotypes of women. Society has getting better with trying not to stereotype women, but after studying the movie Clueless, the stereotypes that were shown in the movie still exist today. For many years women have been told that they have to fit a certain image for our society’s needs. From a woman’s perspective, there are many expectations that are held and are impossible to be met. From a young age, girls everywhere are being told that what they’re doing is never good enough.
Killing Chickens by Meredith Hall and Lincolnites by Ron Rash both display the theme of power. Power is exemplified in a good and bad manner between the two stories. The mother from Killing Chickens has a bad experience with power in the beginning. Once the power was placed on the mother, it become more pressure that began to add up over time. While also going through a divorce, having power in this time frame was not ideal in order for the mother to cope.
Female characters propagate sex-positivity through their sexualization, and utilize it as a tool of shaping solidarity by eradicating the double standard concerned with male and female bodies (Pratl, 2009). Axel Alonso’s (2014) previous comments on the impossibility of “not sexualizing comic characters” are affirmed, as he mentions that not only physical ability and appearance take part in defining a character, but sex appeal as well. The argument that sexualizing female comic characters only leads to sexual objectification can only be countered by the cast of dynamic female characters the world of comics has to offer. Catwoman is an astute example of a multifaceted, well-rounded character that utilizes her sexuality to empower her and overthrow