Polymorphic Markers in Sailfin Molly at the STR5 Loci Introduction The purpose of this laboratory report is the explain and analyze the process used to determine the heterozygosity and the allele frequency of the SFMSTR5 loci in Sailfin molly, or Poecilia latipinna. Sailfin molly are a species of fish that inhabit fresh and saltwater bodies of water from South Carolina to Texas. The Sailfin molly examined in this experiment were collected from two different locations in Florida. The fish collected in one location are classified as a single population and the fish collected in the second location are classified as a second population.
These water samples were all taken from the shores of Barker Lake, meaning that they should be similar and they were. Our class data did not seem to be very precise. This is shown in the data in sites 1 and 2 when one group had 9 ppm and another group had 20 ppm. These samples both came from Salt Creek and should have been similar but were not. Another example of class data being inconsistent or imprecise was on site 4 when one group’s results showed 3 ppm and another group’s showing 6.
Apply 5.2 Display quantitative data with appropriate descriptive statistics (mean, SE) on a graph. Paste your graph here. 5) Apply 5.3: Display quantitative data with p-values for differences between means. Apply 5.4: Understand what statistical differences between means indicate. Report your plankton means ± 2SE with the p-value for comparing those means.
Natural Selection is the concept that organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more offspring. This leads to the creation of populations and diversity of life within them. In the Skittlefish Lab, many separate occurrences can be observed which detail and explain how Natural Selection works on a population over a period of time. Certain adaptations in a species in its entirety may display how individuals impact the whole population as they pass their traits onto their offspring, which do the same. This lab required students to observe the individual “Skittlefish” and “Sea M&Ms” in different environments as they camouflaged and hid from predators.
The table seemed slightly imbalanced, and since the flies demonstrate a negative geotaxis, meaning that they resist gravity, the flies may have been influenced to choose one side over another simply by gravitational means. Another error that may have occurred could be the source of light. Though the lab group aimed to maintain an equal amount of light for all sides of the bottles, a vaguely estimated spot was determined and the choice chamber placed there. Since fruit flies also demonstrate a positive phototaxis, this also affects them. The last error that may have occurred due to tape.
Before getting the goldfish subjects, two beakers were filled with 200 ml fish water and weighed. Four goldfish were then collected gently from the fish tank and each two of them were transferred into one beaker. Each beaker along with fish and water was weighed again to determine the weight of each pair of goldfish. For the control group of each trial, the oxygen chamber was firstly filled with 200 ml fish water; after two goldfish along with 200 ml water were transferred into it, it was sealed in order to prevent oxygen exchange with the ambient environment.
Blackfish The documentary Blackfish, directed by Gabriela Cowperthwaite released in July 2013, explores the mistreatment of killer whales and the relationship between the killer whales and trainers as well as the significant problems of the sea-park industry, with a focus upon SeaWorld. Cowperthwaite positions the audience to feel sympathy towards the killer whales by making deliberate choices in sound, visual, language, and structure through the representation of trainers as unprofessional, and whales as mistreated, also experts as reliable information source. Firstly, Cowperthwaite uses effective language techniques to position the audience to view the trainers as undertrained and unprofessional.
My favorite foods are shrimp and peanuts. These two foods are my favorite because they are both healthy and they're both really delicious. Shrimp also belongs to my favorite food group, seafood. Peanuts are also full of salt, which is the part of the peanuts I like the best. Shrimp and peanuts are both good for you and they are both very filling.
Using the 0.1 M stock solutions of sugar, a 0.01 M dilution was created for each sugar type by adding water to the stock solution 9 out of 1. A 20 mL dilution was made for each trial. The same volume of each solution (10 mL -5 mL ) was added to the green sponges to create four group; Group 1: Sponge with 10 Ml 0.01 M glucose solution, Group 2: Sponge with 10 mL 0.01 M fructose solution, Group 3: Sponge with 10mL 0.01 M sucrose solution, Group 4 (Control): Sponge with 10 mL water. The four sponges were placed every 90 degrees on the edge of the arena. The isopods were placed into their environment for one to two minutes to acclimate with the environment.
In this experiment, a virtual program designed to demonstrate the swimming of a virtual fish, was used. This program is called SWIMMY. SWIMMY was used in this experiment to determine the circuits that are used in the movement of an animal. This is done by presenting the neurons and the neural circuits in a body which can allow and show the movement of the fish’s tail virtually. The movement of the fish tail occurs by the activation of motor neurons.
The end rating of the Salt #2 container was 1, which is not as high as the end rating for the positive control: 1.5. This was because salt cause the algae cells to pump water out of the cell into the hypertonic outside environment. As a result, the cell membranes inside the cell to shrivel and the cell to die. However, adding 0.5 mL of salt was probably not
The experiment shall use several concentrations of sucrose solution and a substance known as Methylene blue. A piece of potato/ carrot shall be placed in a boiling tube and the solution shall be poured into it. This tube shall have Methylene blue added into it. After incubation some of this solution shall be taken out with a pipette and inserted into a separate boiling tube containing the same sucrose solution however this solution shall be known as the pre-incubated solution. The drop shall be watched so as to see if the density of the water and concentration of sucrose has increased or not, displaying the water