British Colonies Rivalry

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Several factors contributed to British colonies changing their feelings towards a possible reconciliation with the British monarchy. The relationship between the American colonist and British monarchy had not been a stable one. After years of oppression from the British monarchy, the colonist finally realized they were better off without them. Following the end of the French and Indian war, England 's national debt had more than doubled. "Half of the money collected from hard-pressed British taxpayers went just to pay the interest on this massive debt, and no more revenue could be squeezed from them without risking domestic unrest (pg 92)." "Since the comparatively lightly taxed Americans benefited the most from the war, officials believed they…show more content…
The Stamp Act was a law passed by Parliament in 1765 that required all valid legal documents, as well as newspapers, playing cards, and various other papers, to bear a government- issued stamp. The Stamp Act was the first internal tax Parliament had imposed on the colonies. Protests arose among the colonies. "In October, nine colonies sent delegates to the Stamp Act Congress meeting in New York to coordinate the colonial response. The delegates affirmed their loyalty to the king and their due subordination to Parliament, but then adopted the Declaration of Rights and Grievances (pg 97)" This document declared that taxes imposed on the colonists without their consent were unconstitutional. Parliament refused to receive his Declaration and any other colonial petitions. Colonist then challenged the idea that they were virtually represented in Parliament. Merchants resorted to economic pressure and pledged to cease importing British goods until the taxes were repealed. The Sons of Liberty was organized, forcing nearly every stamp distributor to resign office before the law went into effect. The law then became nullified due to no one being able to distribute the…show more content…
However, during the summer of 1769, British authorities thought it would be safe to remove half of the troops stationed there. This gave the Sons of Liberty an opportunity to challenge the remaining soldiers. "Crowds frequently gathered to taunt and throw stones at troops standing at guardposts (pg 99)." Off duty soldiers sought part-time employment at unskilled jobs. This infuriated the unemployed because the soldiers derived income from the army which allowed them to work for the lower wages offered by the employers. The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, when a crowd gathered outside the customs house and began pelting the guardsmen with snowballs and rocks. Captain Thomas Preston then ordered his men to push the crowd back. It is said that one of the soldiers slipped, causing his musket to be discharged accidentally. "The remaining soldiers, perhaps believing that in the tumult Preston had ordered them to fire, shot into the crowd, killing five Bostonians and wounding six (pg 100)." The Boston Massacre fulfilled the republican prophecies about Britain using military coercion to take away American

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