This effect was economically positive because the British created new goods and crops that were available for the natives to buy. If Africans had the right to certain goods, then that meant there was more equality as well. According to Document #2, written by Dadabhai Naoroji, an Indian leader and writer, in Bombay, India in 1871. He made this document to explain the advantages and disadvantages of the imperialism to the British government and the natives as well. He gives economic reasons to back up his facts about what is good or harmful for the area he lives in.
Britain put the justice and military system into place for India which made an efficient profit for them and made them all in all knowledgeable. Most of the governmental systems didn’t help the indians in fact the things Britain put into place for india only made india profitable for britain. While the British believed that they helped India by setting up a government and military system India disagreed. In fact, they believed that britain caused problems in the Indian way of life. An example of this is british imperial rule established the framework for India 's justice system (Lalvani).
In the beginning, the settlers were dependent on goods and support from Europe, especially from Great Britain. That is why they weren’t able to stand up against the exploitation. But over time they prospered and became more economically independent. By the late 18th century, the British colonies of New England were among the first to demonstrate ambition of independence from the British Crown. The reasons, therefore, were that Britain made the majority of decisions and that they newly set heavy taxes on certain goods.
From the seventeenth to the eighteenth century, the British Empire was the biggest power in the world. Some said that the sun never set on the British Empire because of its greatness, and Britain wanted to continue growing. To do this they tried to regulate trade to favor them. This principle of creating a favorable export and import balance is mercantilism. Mercantilism shaped the life of eighteenth century Colonial America by regulating their trade, by economically weakening them and putting them in debt, and by socially creating the tensions that led to the Revolutionary War.
After crating the Suez Canal Britain had a free market and a huge economical advantage because of the shorter route to Asia, the canal saves the European ships from going around Africa to going stright to Asia, it gained more money and goods fror using the Canal. After the British left, Sudan is now and independent country that rules it self and runs its own economy but, since they left Sudan was ruled by the Arabian-Muslim side of Sudan despite the fact that the government was changed several times and it didn’t work, the two sides (Muslim and Christian) can’t agree to either be peaceful nor live together. At the time Cristians wanted a Christian ruler Muslims want their Muslim ruler (Omar Albasheer) which created a racial tension between the
Colbert based his economic ideas off of mercantilism and eventually his system became known as “Colbertism”. Colbert’s new system was based around the idea that in order to increase the wealth of a nation it must export more than it imports. The first step in Colbert’s plan was to create regulations and standards for industry production and enforce harsh punishments if these standards were not met. This ensures a level of quality out of France that increased France’s general wealth. Next, Colbert gave private industries special privileges within the economy in order to promote prosperity within France’s private sector.
More specifically, mercantilism stated that a nation’s exports should be higher than its imports. The British brought these policies together to form Navigation Acts for the colonies to follow such as exporting items like indigo, hemp and tobacco exclusively to Britain and where they are exported to. At first, the Navigation Acts made the colonists content because with the new regulations, colonists were able to import British goods such as tea and dishes, however, as time went on, British rule later tightened regulations using the colonies for its own economic advantage. Britain exploited the colonies by imposing a rule that colonial exports and imported goods would only be controlled by British merchants. Britain was able to profit off the colonial raw goods by setting fixed prices on crops sold by planters, forcing all planters to abide to fixed rates which they could have sold for more.
As mercantilism was a growing idea in Europe, many countries started colonizing much of the New World. Mercantilism is the idea that a country power depends on their wealth. As the Spanish took control of most of South America to Central America and the French controlling Canada, very little land was controlled by the British. Spain had a monopoly on importation from the gold they collected from their colonies. The British wanted the same, they wanted to earn profits from the New World.
According to Dadabhai Naoroji’s article, “The Benefits of British Rule for India”, the Indians/natives had no voice in the taxes, legislations, or were qualified to earn the position of a court judge or high-ranking government official. The society the British constructed blocked the Indians out, and openly disregarded their opinions and desire for change and equality. Some may claim that the British modernized their country by reforming the natives education system, and implementing new innovations and technological advancements, like railroads to improve transportation within the country. However, according to the article written by Professor Peter Marshall titled, “The British Presence in India in the 18th Century,” the majority of these systems primarily focused on English and Western ideas, rather than their own distinctive culture. The traditional ideas and beliefs focusing on theory and methodology, that were implemented into their previous education system, were then modified to a practical approach, forcing their pre-existing system to slowly descend into oblivion.
To get away from ruins of money, Parliament adopted the Tea Act. The Tea Act gave authority to the company to ship the tea directly to the colonies instead of to England and then the particular groups of people. The colonies reacted to this act as a crime of paying money to get favors. The tea, even with the tax, was hugely and importantly money-saving and could quickly undersell the Dutch. The conception was for the colonists to buy the most money-saving tea and then preserve the company.