British Imperialism In Africa

1525 Words7 Pages
The policy of British Imperialism was never really intended to educate and liberate people. In most cases, colonization attempts had the aim of optimizing strategic location economic partners, and political dominance. The British showed that their way of imperialism was meant to increase economy and gain strategic locations when they colonized Africa and Australia. However, for India, it wasn’t colonized but made a protectorate instead; for the aim of civilizing the lesser people. So, why did Britain choose to make Africa and Australia colonies, but India a protectorate? Because India had something that Britain didn’t, abundant wealth and trade which Britain couldn’t wait to get its hands on. India was a wealthy country with a booming economy,…show more content…
From the 1870’s to the 1900’s, Africa was faced with European colonists. The waves consisted diplomatic pressures, military invasions, then the conquest and colonization of as much land as possible. However, the natives of Africa put up a fight against the British invasion, showing their violent nature. But, most of these forces were overwhelmed by British troops and enslaved. Then they were exploited by the British to mine expensive and valuable materials for Britain’s economic purposes. By the early 20th century, all of Africa except Ethiopia and Liberia were controlled by European powers. The industrial revolution was the largest era of major technological advancements. With all the new technologies made, new materials were needed to make them, and Britain didn’t have infinite recourses. What they did have was a will to obtain these said materials at any cost. Because slave labour was cheap and it benefited Britain’s economy, making that one of the main reason why Britain colonized…show more content…
From the 1870’s to 1900’s, Britain had one of the largest and most powerful armies in the world. With that sort of potential, it would’ve been a mistake not to colonize Africa. Taking control of the tip of Africa was extremely strategic of Britain, as from there they could control the trading routes and begin settling for future invasions and in the end, colonization. Also, the new Capitalist society forming because of Britain’s industrial revolution developed social problems many obvious social problems. The gap between the rich and the poor was larger than ever, and homelessness was on the rise as cities became extremely dense and overpopulated. Britain didn’t want this surplus population to go to waste, so the colonization of Africa was a good excuse to export these people so that they could help in taking over Africa. Overall, the reason for Britain’s colonization campaign for Africa was to show superiority to other nations, for natural recourses, and oversight on African trades. It’s clear that they were driven by economic and strategic
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