British Imperialism Of India Dbq Analysis

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In the 1600s, the British people took interest in India. In 1707 when the Mongol Empire was collapsing, which meant the British had a chance to take over. By 1857 Britain took full, direct control of India. Although the British developed a very strong army, they restricted the freedom of Indians, created national parks, but abused natural resources, and killed almost 60 millions people but brought modern medicine.

When the British took over India, they took over pretty much the entire government and created laws that restricted the rights of the Indians. According to Dr.Lalvani, the British were “superbly efficient” in their duties. However, they only let 6% of the entire government be native Indian( Doc. 2). Which makes it virtually impossible for them to have a say in anything major or minor. When the Rowlatt act was passed, prohibiting gatherings of groups. Many groups continued to gather despite the act, many being violent (Lalvani). But there were also a large majority of peaceful gatherings, such as the Amritsar Massacre (Gandhi). At least 379 unarmed, helpless, defenceless people(men, women, and children) were shot and killed by British troops.
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The British made about 10,000 miles of railroad and about 136,000 bridges that benefited the Indians because they provided the necessary transportation to/from jobs and home. But, the British used the railways to transport goods to Britain to be sold there. Not only that ,but they also started mass production and sold goods for less(Doc 4). Goods like Indigo were very commonly grown in India(Gandhi + Doc 4). Indians were doing tons of manual labor to get raw materials for the British to use, while getting very little to no

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