One cause was for the American colonist to be completely free from the British rule. The affect that the Indian and French war made a heavy impact on Britain economically and forced American to pay new and more expensive taxes. The Sugar Act of 1764 raised taxes on sugar and molasses. The Stamp Act (1765), decided that colonial business would have an official stamp on transactions. The Townshend Act (1777) was to apply taxes to all imported glass, lead, paint, paper and tea.
The King even took it as far as making people go to England to be tried instead of in the colonies. In my opinion, the Congress were correct in declaring their independence. I mean they are being treated so unfairly. They have no representation and are given no rights as Englishmen. By declaring independence on Britain they were able to finally be freed and be their own country which is what they deserve but at a large price.
In the novel it states,”I couldn't have felt really and satisfactorily fine and proud and set up over any title except one that should come from the nation itself, the only legitimate source” (Twain 37). Hank holds to a very American way of thinking. He thinks only a democratic vote matters, and that the will of the people is more important than what the people in charge have to say. Chapter 13 reveals a lot of patriotism. It states, “ that all political power is inherent in the people, and all free governments are founded on their authority and instituted for their benefit; and that they have at all times an undeniable and indefeasible right to alter their form of government in such a manner as they may think expedient ” (Twain 61).
In conclusion, war broke out in 1775 between Britain and the American colonies. “We the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do.”(The Declaration of Independence: A Transcription, last paragraph, line
Indirect colonialism implies that ‘native chiefs are constituted as an integral part of the machinery of the administration’. However, the ‘chief himself must understand that he has no right to place and power unless he renders his proper service to the state’. In other words, indirect colonialism allows pre-colonial leaders to keep political and legal power over their subject, while demanding them to pay taxes to the colonial administration. By exploring the political, economical and social life of India’s and Africa’s populations, this essay will argue that it is only partially accurate to label the governance system of British Imperialism in the 19th and 20th ‘indirect’. To begin with, only a few British people were settled in India.
In this excerpt from the declaration of independence, it introduce how the British government didn 't listen to any of the americans demands and thats why they wanted to become one. Demands so simples as the stamp act that imposed that all americans had to paid taxes in every piece of paper they used, was a shock for them because after years of being free, to one day to another, England without any resources of money, they remember that they had the control of the colonies to get money from, and that 's where they started to tax them to paid the debt of wars they have been in to. Therefore people felt like the British weren 't treating them as humans beings, because
Beginning in 1765, one principle the Americans believed was, “No taxation without representation.” The American colonial society rejected the right of the British Parliament to tax them without colonial representatives in the government. It did not matter what the motive of the tax was, it could not be enforced without the agreement of the colonists themselves. This argument about representation was not of huge significance to the English because according to their constitutional theory, members of Parliament did not represent individuals or particular geographical areas. Instead, each member represents the interests of the whole nation and empire. This belief of the English is called “virtual” representation.
Parliament applied mercantilist theory to the Americans a series of laws known as the Navigation Acts that state that; English or colonial merchants only could engaged in trade with the colonies, certain valuable Americans products could only be sold only in the mother land (enumerated goods), all foreign goods destined to the colonies had to be shipped to England and pay England import duties, and the colonies could not make or export items that competed with English products. Smuggling was the result of the “mercantile system” created by the British in which they sold the finished products to sell to the colonies, smuggling was rampant in the colonies and Americans saw nothing wrong with it, they did not look kindly on government interference agreeing with Thomas Jefferson that free trade is a “natural right”. By lacking of large-scale agricultural enterprise the north did not demand many enslave laborers, the difference with the large-scale slavery in the south accentuated a regional difference that developed in the colonies. In the south, Virginia Company was established as a joint-stock company, by a group of merchants and wealthy gentry, to plant colonies in America, joint-stock companies had been developed in England as a
Paine discusses that America is so successful and accepting because of the system of government they established, which provided organization and protection of rights. At this time (1791), England, for example, was held under the power of a very strong King, whether they approved of his thoughts and actions or not. There was no organization or protection of rights in this system, due to the fact the King did whatever he pleased and did not care to regard or listen to anything the British citizens had to say. America was held under the King’s reigns for only a very short time before declaring independence on the fateful day of July 4, 1776. From then on out, and continuing today, Americans are given the choice in who their ruler will be.
Considering the causes that led to the American Revolution the Articles of Confederation were a logical form of government for the revolutionaries to adopt because under the Articles of Confederation the states would be independent. With them being independent they could do anything they wanted, meaning they could make their own choices about what happens within their own state. Having Congress serve as the last resort on appeals means the states get to choose the outcome of disputes. Congress also had to maintain the treaties and alliances, army, and regulate money. The central government lacked the ability to control taxes, regulate the commerce and anything else that might have led to creation of new laws.
The American Revolution was symbolic of a breakaway from old ideals and a transition into a new form of government. After being burdened with the heavy taxes imposed by the tyrannical British monarchy, and faced with taxation without representation, the colonists broke off to institute a new set of rules. By asserting their independence from Great Britain, the colonists committed treason and fought for their land. With the Declaration of Independence, these colonies became known as the United States of America. Despite the military force of Britain, America was successful; the citizens established a republican democracy in which everyone’s ideas could be represented in government.
Common Sense was published anonymously before America’s independence. It was an instant success and was quickly available in all thirteen colonies. Britain’s high taxes, particularly the Stamp and Sugar Acts, and America’s lack of representation in their own government had frustrated many colonists. The author of the pamphlet, Thomas Paine, argued for immediate independence from Britain. He framed government as nothing but a necessary evil to protect humanity from its own vices, and said that it should only be judged by its ability to protect life, liberty, and property.
When America stopped being controlled from Britain, the founding fathers tried to come up with different things where they had no similarities with Britain. This is where the Articles of the Confederation come in. “The Articles of the Confederation was Americans first constitutional government and created a weak government that lacked the power to tax and compel state obedience to treaties it negotiated”(Keene, 154). The Constitution was a little different than the Articles of Confederation it was made up of two houses one that would determine the population and the other that would be the states representation. It also had the power to tax unlike the article and the executives where chosen by electors and electors chosen by the state legislator.