Brandon King History 1301 HW 2 8 AM What were the causes and results of the War of 1812? The war of 1812 was yet another war that the United States got caught up with. There were several reasons as to what caused this war to begin. Let 's go back to the year of 1806 when France declared it to be illegal for “all neutral trade with Great Britain”
France ultimately wanted Britain not to be too powerful and in order todo so they had to be weakened by having the Americans win there
We had only 16 battle ships to accommodate Britishes huge fleet. We were meager, ill furnished, and many of our officers knew about warfare. We were not ready. But one the money came and flowed in for the equipment we needed and the more little battles we won against Britain, the stronger we got. We were able to win victories for Lake Erie and New Orleans.
Later, the United States had problems with Indians, who Britain helped, supplying them with weapons and ammo, once again, making the tension rise. Taking a daring chance, the US declared they would stop the shipments and trade with the warring nation, if France or Britain (depending on who stopped first) stopped capturing their ships. Napoleon declared that France would respect the US’
It wasn’t until the battle for Washington at Bladensburg that they received any serious damage by the Americans. During the battle, the Americans had the advantage of numbers having around 6,000 men while the British Army had around 4,500 (82). The British were outnumbered by the Americans, but the British were also veterans with more experience, while most of the Americans were inexperienced and untrained (84). Another advantage for the British was the ineffectiveness of the American’s defense strategy, which had many weaknesses. The American’s defense was made of three lines that were widely separated, so they could not give each other support, and were easily susceptible to being outmaneuvered by the British (83).
Foreign affairs were points of serious contention in the Early Republic. Though the US had treaty obligations to France, Washington decided to avoid joining their war with Britain when conflict began in 1793. His “Farewell Address” later put great emphasis on avoiding foreign alliances. All the while, Britain was still flooding American markets with cheap goods and represented the vast majority of the young nation’s foreign trade. As the Anglo-French conflict escalated in Europe and then the North Atlantic, neither nation respected American claims for neutrality of the seas.
The American Revolution was a historic landmark on North America 's history. A time when a Mother country, England, and the Child colonies of America were at war, which lasted from 1775 to 1783. The Battle of Saratoga was a turning point for the americans, because America 's win recruited the aid of France. But what if France and America never became allies and the French never came to help? Would Great Britain have won or not?
World War I is often associated with trench Warfare and battles on the land, with very little thought given to the importance of naval warfare. Beginning with the Anglo-German Naval Race (1898-1912), Germany began building up their High Seas Fleet to challenge the Grand Fleet (“Anglo-German Naval Race”). Britain had been the World’s only international naval superpower for well over 100 years until Germany decided to challenge their dominance. Shortly after the start of World War I, the Anglo-French Naval Convention (1914) was signed, which greatly shaped Allied naval strategy. In 1914, Britain put a distant blockade on Germany, which allowed them to control exits from the North Sea and damaged both Germany’s economy and War effort (Roskill 4: 533). Germany attempted to break Britain’s blockade, which resulted in the Battle of Jutland, in 1916. The role that other nations’ navies played was also extremely influential on the outcome of World War I. The role of naval Warfare during World War I, especially the Allied blockade of Germany, proved to be crucial in defeating the Central Powers, which consisted of Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire.
Winston Churchill, the wartime prime minister of Britain once wrote that, '... the only thing that ever really frightened me during the war was the U-boat peril'. The U-boat peril was the German submarines(the 'Unterseeboot') threatening to leave Britain stranded from her allies. The Royal Canadian Navy participated in the Battle of the Atlantic and that was instrumental to the survival of Britain. Moreover, the Canadian Navy participated in assaults on Sicily, Italy, Hong Kong, North Africa and other Pacific Islands. Nonetheless, the Canadian Merchant Navy was another huge factor in deciding the outcome of World War two.
I.5.2 Ironclad Battleships ‘The Napoleon’, commissioned by France in 1850, was the first steam-powered battleship in the world. The first ironclad battleship ‘La Glorie’ was launched by the French Navy in 1859. The British Royal Navy developed its ironclad battleships 'Black Prince' and ‘Warrior’ in 1861 and 1862. Ironclad ships were first utilized in the Crimean War and it transpired that they were formidable adversaries for traditional wooden warships of that time.
The naval stores policy had affected the mercantile views in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, and mercantilists’ views about the Northern Colonies had varied drastically for four decades, from 1690 to 1730, although almost all of mercantilists agreed with the importance of the economic unity in the empire. Child and Cary criticised severely the Northern Colonies as useless and harmful for the mother country in the early 1690s, when the naval stores policy was still negligible, whereas mercantilists in the early eighteenth century, such as Gee, and Defoe, argued the contribution of these colonies to the economic circulation in the British Atlantic world. In their views, in addition to the possibilities of the Northern Colonies
The Treaty of Paris was a formal agreement between America and Great Britain, signed on September 3, 1783. The signed agreement recognized American independence, established borders for the new nation, and formally ended the Revolutionary War. Articles of the treaty were being formed as early as 1782, and the Treaty of Paris was finally ratified by the Continental Congress in 1784. The treaty contained ten articles, or key points, and the preface declares the intention of both America and Great Britain to forget all past differences and misunderstandings.
Privateering lessened the sympathy felt in the colony and the failed attempt in attacking fort Cumberland made a mockery of the American army in the eyes of Nova Scotia. Although there was an obvious lack of military aggression in the area, the 13 colonies still applied pressures to the population through privateering. By attacking coastal towns and merchant ships, the Colonial Congress instilled fear and hindered British troops elsewhere on the continent. However, this strategy had negative consequences when Nova Scotia’s loyalty was considered. At the beginning of the conflict, a large portion of the population of Nova Scotia was at the least sympathetic of the American cause.